2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163891
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Transmission of HIV/AIDS
Author(s):
Zaman, Mostofa
Author Details:
Mostofa Zaman, Coordinator, UnnayanNet, Khulna, Bangladesh, email: mostofa12@yahoo.com
Abstract:
Background: AIDS Stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS may be thought of as the most devastating infectious disease the human civilization has ever encountered. AIDS is a predominantly Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) caused by the HIV virus. AIDS was first reported in the USA in 1981. This does not mean that AIDS originated in quick succession from many parts of the Western world and Africa. The AIDS epidemic started later in South-East Asia, and HIV infected person were detected in 1984 in Thailand, in 1985 in India and in 1986 in Pakistan. Then the epidemic advanced to other countries near Bangladesh, and the first man to be diagnosed with HIV in Bangladesh was a foreigner, in 1989. The first Bangladeshi HIV patient was detected in 1990, and since then, the number of people infected with HIV has been increasing. AIDS is generally transmitted through sexual routes, but besides this AIDS is also transmitted through mother to child or prenatal routes. Around 70%-85% of the HIV infected persons in the world have been exposed through sexual routes. Besides these HIV is also transmitted through parenteral routes, which include blood and blood transfusions, use of contaminated syringes and needles, surgical and dental instruments, acupuncture, ear and nose piercing, tattooing, razors, etc. During unprotected sexual intercourse HIV can pass from someone's infected blood, through the semen or vaginal fluids directly into another person's blood stream, through the mucous membranes lining the inside of the vagina, penis or rectum. HIV can be passed to a baby during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding. About a third of all babies born to mothers with HIV become infected themselves. HIV carriers do not spread HIV through casual mixing by shaking hands, sharing beds, dresses, towels, toilets, swimming pools, glasses, plates, working in the same office, living in the same house, traveling in the same car, sneezing or coughing etc. HIV cannot be transmitted through saliva, tears, vomit, feces or urine, although very small amounts of the virus have been found in these fluids. HIV has not been found in sweat. HIV is not transmitted by mosquitoes or other blood sucking insects. The history of HIV/AIDS does not go so far back. HIV/AIDS has only been around for the last two decades or so, however the AIDS epidemic is really astonishing. We know that the final outcome of AIDS is death, and there is no alternative. We all should to be aware of this fact, so let's move to prevent and mitigate AIDS.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTransmission of HIV/AIDSen_GB
dc.contributor.authorZaman, Mostofaen_US
dc.author.detailsMostofa Zaman, Coordinator, UnnayanNet, Khulna, Bangladesh, email: mostofa12@yahoo.comen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163891-
dc.description.abstractBackground: AIDS Stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS may be thought of as the most devastating infectious disease the human civilization has ever encountered. AIDS is a predominantly Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) caused by the HIV virus. AIDS was first reported in the USA in 1981. This does not mean that AIDS originated in quick succession from many parts of the Western world and Africa. The AIDS epidemic started later in South-East Asia, and HIV infected person were detected in 1984 in Thailand, in 1985 in India and in 1986 in Pakistan. Then the epidemic advanced to other countries near Bangladesh, and the first man to be diagnosed with HIV in Bangladesh was a foreigner, in 1989. The first Bangladeshi HIV patient was detected in 1990, and since then, the number of people infected with HIV has been increasing. AIDS is generally transmitted through sexual routes, but besides this AIDS is also transmitted through mother to child or prenatal routes. Around 70%-85% of the HIV infected persons in the world have been exposed through sexual routes. Besides these HIV is also transmitted through parenteral routes, which include blood and blood transfusions, use of contaminated syringes and needles, surgical and dental instruments, acupuncture, ear and nose piercing, tattooing, razors, etc. During unprotected sexual intercourse HIV can pass from someone's infected blood, through the semen or vaginal fluids directly into another person's blood stream, through the mucous membranes lining the inside of the vagina, penis or rectum. HIV can be passed to a baby during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding. About a third of all babies born to mothers with HIV become infected themselves. HIV carriers do not spread HIV through casual mixing by shaking hands, sharing beds, dresses, towels, toilets, swimming pools, glasses, plates, working in the same office, living in the same house, traveling in the same car, sneezing or coughing etc. HIV cannot be transmitted through saliva, tears, vomit, feces or urine, although very small amounts of the virus have been found in these fluids. HIV has not been found in sweat. HIV is not transmitted by mosquitoes or other blood sucking insects. The history of HIV/AIDS does not go so far back. HIV/AIDS has only been around for the last two decades or so, however the AIDS epidemic is really astonishing. We know that the final outcome of AIDS is death, and there is no alternative. We all should to be aware of this fact, so let's move to prevent and mitigate AIDS.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:34:23Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:34:23Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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