An Epidemiological Study on the Prevalence of Mental Retardation in the Rural Areas of Gachsaran, Iran

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163895
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Epidemiological Study on the Prevalence of Mental Retardation in the Rural Areas of Gachsaran, Iran
Author(s):
Abbasi, Ali; Kamkar, A.; Bolhari, J.; Baraheni, M. N.
Author Details:
Ali Abbasi, Academic Member, Educational Department Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences,Yasuj, Kohgiloyeh & Bovairahmad, Iran, email: Aliabbasi80@yahoo.com; A. Kamkar; J. Bolhari; M. N. Baraheni
Abstract:
Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the mental retardation among children aged 6-13 years in the rural villages of Gachsaran city. Material and Method: To do this study, 278 children were selected using cluster-sampling and systematic randomization, and the study was performed in two stages. In the first stage, all the children who were chosen for the study underwent the WISC-R Intelligence Test. After determining the score for the above test, those children with a score of less than 70 were included in the second stage of the study. In this stage the children with a score lower than 70 were evaluated by a psychiatrist for mental retardation, using a checklist based on DSM-IV criteria. Results: From the total number of children taking part in the study, only 5 cases (1.8%) with scores less than 70 and lower were diagnosed as mentally retarded after being interviewed and evaluated by a psychiatrist. Statistical methods used for analysis of the obtained data showed that variables such as parent's level of education and father's occupation were significantly correlated (P<0.05) with the scores obtained by the children. However, no statistically significant correlation was found between gender and I.Q scores. Conclusion: From the result that 1.8% of the children were mentally retarded, showed that I.Q scores is related to parents level of education and father's occupation significantly but not to gender.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Epidemiological Study on the Prevalence of Mental Retardation in the Rural Areas of Gachsaran, Iranen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAbbasi, Alien_US
dc.contributor.authorKamkar, A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBolhari, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBaraheni, M. N.en_US
dc.author.detailsAli Abbasi, Academic Member, Educational Department Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences,Yasuj, Kohgiloyeh & Bovairahmad, Iran, email: Aliabbasi80@yahoo.com; A. Kamkar; J. Bolhari; M. N. Barahenien_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163895-
dc.description.abstractObjective: The goal of this study was to determine the mental retardation among children aged 6-13 years in the rural villages of Gachsaran city. Material and Method: To do this study, 278 children were selected using cluster-sampling and systematic randomization, and the study was performed in two stages. In the first stage, all the children who were chosen for the study underwent the WISC-R Intelligence Test. After determining the score for the above test, those children with a score of less than 70 were included in the second stage of the study. In this stage the children with a score lower than 70 were evaluated by a psychiatrist for mental retardation, using a checklist based on DSM-IV criteria. Results: From the total number of children taking part in the study, only 5 cases (1.8%) with scores less than 70 and lower were diagnosed as mentally retarded after being interviewed and evaluated by a psychiatrist. Statistical methods used for analysis of the obtained data showed that variables such as parent's level of education and father's occupation were significantly correlated (P<0.05) with the scores obtained by the children. However, no statistically significant correlation was found between gender and I.Q scores. Conclusion: From the result that 1.8% of the children were mentally retarded, showed that I.Q scores is related to parents level of education and father's occupation significantly but not to gender.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:34:27Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:34:27Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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