2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163932
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Factors Influencing Depression in Thai Adolescents
Author(s):
Charoensuk, Sukjai
Author Details:
Sukjai Charoensuk, PhD, Nurse Instructor, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Maung, Chon Buri, Thailand, email: sukjai66@yahoo.com
Abstract:
Purpose: To (1) assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Thai adolescents; (2) determine whether negative thinking mediates the effects of parental bonding, everyday stressors, and self-esteem on depressive symptoms; and (3) determine whether parental bonding, everyday stressors, self-esteem, and negative thinking predict depressive symptoms. Background: An understanding of the influences of the factors on depressive symptoms among Thai adolescents will lead to a development of interventions to decrease depressive symptoms among this age group. Design: A sample of 812 students from eight high schools in Chon-Buri province, Thailand participated in the study. Data collected included socio-demographic characteristics, parental bonding (Parental Bonding Instrument), everyday stressors (Everyday Stressors Index-Adolescent version), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory), negative thinking (Crandell Cognitions Inventory) and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale). Additional data were collected on smoking, alcohol use, family mental illness history, availability of counseling service in schools, and use of the service. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation analysis, and path analysis. Results: Thirty-eight percent of students were male. Twenty-eight students (3.5%) reported having a history of mental illness in their family. The percentage of students who reported smoking or drinking alcohol within the last 30 days was 5.4% and 10.7%, respectively. The majority of students (77.7%) reported that counseling service was available in their school, but only 15.5% of the students had used the service. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 20% (RADS > 69) and 21% (CES-D> 22). Negative thinking mediated the effects of parental bonding, everyday stressors and self-esteem on depressive symptoms. Negative thinking, self-esteem, and maternal and paternal caring significantly predicted depressive symptoms (R2 = .725, F 4, 547 = 363.85). Significance: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among high school students was high. Interventions are needed to reduce depressive symptoms in Thai adolescents. Negative thinking, self-esteem, and parental bonding were key factors for predicting depressive symptoms in Thai adolescents. Interventions should be developed to reduce negative thinking, increase self-esteem, and promote optimal parental bonding.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFactors Influencing Depression in Thai Adolescentsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCharoensuk, Sukjaien_US
dc.author.detailsSukjai Charoensuk, PhD, Nurse Instructor, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Maung, Chon Buri, Thailand, email: sukjai66@yahoo.comen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163932-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To (1) assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Thai adolescents; (2) determine whether negative thinking mediates the effects of parental bonding, everyday stressors, and self-esteem on depressive symptoms; and (3) determine whether parental bonding, everyday stressors, self-esteem, and negative thinking predict depressive symptoms. Background: An understanding of the influences of the factors on depressive symptoms among Thai adolescents will lead to a development of interventions to decrease depressive symptoms among this age group. Design: A sample of 812 students from eight high schools in Chon-Buri province, Thailand participated in the study. Data collected included socio-demographic characteristics, parental bonding (Parental Bonding Instrument), everyday stressors (Everyday Stressors Index-Adolescent version), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory), negative thinking (Crandell Cognitions Inventory) and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale). Additional data were collected on smoking, alcohol use, family mental illness history, availability of counseling service in schools, and use of the service. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation analysis, and path analysis. Results: Thirty-eight percent of students were male. Twenty-eight students (3.5%) reported having a history of mental illness in their family. The percentage of students who reported smoking or drinking alcohol within the last 30 days was 5.4% and 10.7%, respectively. The majority of students (77.7%) reported that counseling service was available in their school, but only 15.5% of the students had used the service. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 20% (RADS > 69) and 21% (CES-D> 22). Negative thinking mediated the effects of parental bonding, everyday stressors and self-esteem on depressive symptoms. Negative thinking, self-esteem, and maternal and paternal caring significantly predicted depressive symptoms (R2 = .725, F 4, 547 = 363.85). Significance: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among high school students was high. Interventions are needed to reduce depressive symptoms in Thai adolescents. Negative thinking, self-esteem, and parental bonding were key factors for predicting depressive symptoms in Thai adolescents. Interventions should be developed to reduce negative thinking, increase self-esteem, and promote optimal parental bonding.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:35:08Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:35:08Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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