Determinants of the Sexual Health Seeking Behaviour of the Out of School Adolescents in Kiberia Slums

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163972
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Determinants of the Sexual Health Seeking Behaviour of the Out of School Adolescents in Kiberia Slums
Author(s):
Kimani, Maureen
Author Details:
Maureen Kimani, Assistant Lecturer, Tropical Institute of Community Health and Development (TICH) in Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, email: maureen_kimani@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:
Purpose: To establish individual factors that determine sexual health seeking behavior among out of school adolescents in Kibera slum-Kenya's largest informal settlement. Background: The young people in Sub Saharan Africa are threatened by HIV. The region has almost two-thirds of all young people living with HIV-approximately 6.2 Million young people, 75% of whom are women (UNAIDS. 2003 report on the global AIDS epidemic). Adolescents remain the world's greatest hope of turning the tide against HIV. Design: A descriptive and analytic cross sectional study was carried out using quantitative and qualitative research methods. A sample size of 336 out of school adolescents aged 10-19 years was taken. Multi-stage sampling technique was applied. Results: The findings revealed that 59.5% (n=195) had initiated their coital careers. The average age at sexual debut was 13 years. Contraceptive use was low at first coitus (16.9%) compared to at last coitus (45.6%). Steady dating (p=0.001), being pubertal (p=0.000), Drug and alcohol use (p=0.000), peer pressure from friends to engage in sex (p=0.000), having sexually active friends p=0.000 and viewing pornographic materials (p=0.000) were negative influences on sexual health seeking behavior. Having friends who used contraceptives (p=0.000) and knowledge about contraceptive methods (p=0.027) influenced contraceptive use among respondents. Conclusion: The study concludes that individual factors significantly determine sexual health seeking behavior. Positive individual behavior is related to healthy sexual behavior among adolescents. The impacts of HIV on the society are immense. In order to reduce the spread of HIV amongst young people, promotion of healthy sexual behavior among adolescents cannot be overemphasized. The study recommends that families, communities and the society in general should participate in sexual and reproductive educating and in being role models to young members of the society. The policies on sale of substances to minors and films censorship should be enforced. Youth centers that offer life and livelihood programs and reproductive information should be set up for those who miss the opportunity for formal education.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDeterminants of the Sexual Health Seeking Behaviour of the Out of School Adolescents in Kiberia Slumsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKimani, Maureenen_US
dc.author.detailsMaureen Kimani, Assistant Lecturer, Tropical Institute of Community Health and Development (TICH) in Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, email: maureen_kimani@yahoo.co.uken_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163972-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To establish individual factors that determine sexual health seeking behavior among out of school adolescents in Kibera slum-Kenya's largest informal settlement. Background: The young people in Sub Saharan Africa are threatened by HIV. The region has almost two-thirds of all young people living with HIV-approximately 6.2 Million young people, 75% of whom are women (UNAIDS. 2003 report on the global AIDS epidemic). Adolescents remain the world's greatest hope of turning the tide against HIV. Design: A descriptive and analytic cross sectional study was carried out using quantitative and qualitative research methods. A sample size of 336 out of school adolescents aged 10-19 years was taken. Multi-stage sampling technique was applied. Results: The findings revealed that 59.5% (n=195) had initiated their coital careers. The average age at sexual debut was 13 years. Contraceptive use was low at first coitus (16.9%) compared to at last coitus (45.6%). Steady dating (p=0.001), being pubertal (p=0.000), Drug and alcohol use (p=0.000), peer pressure from friends to engage in sex (p=0.000), having sexually active friends p=0.000 and viewing pornographic materials (p=0.000) were negative influences on sexual health seeking behavior. Having friends who used contraceptives (p=0.000) and knowledge about contraceptive methods (p=0.027) influenced contraceptive use among respondents. Conclusion: The study concludes that individual factors significantly determine sexual health seeking behavior. Positive individual behavior is related to healthy sexual behavior among adolescents. The impacts of HIV on the society are immense. In order to reduce the spread of HIV amongst young people, promotion of healthy sexual behavior among adolescents cannot be overemphasized. The study recommends that families, communities and the society in general should participate in sexual and reproductive educating and in being role models to young members of the society. The policies on sale of substances to minors and films censorship should be enforced. Youth centers that offer life and livelihood programs and reproductive information should be set up for those who miss the opportunity for formal education.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:35:52Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:35:52Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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