Protecting Our Children: How Selected OECD Countries Govern Environmental Health Threats to Children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163973
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Protecting Our Children: How Selected OECD Countries Govern Environmental Health Threats to Children
Author(s):
Kinney, Elizabeth; Shen, Lei; Warren, Ben; Armstrong, Robert; Bobinski, Mary Anne; Spiegel, Jerry; MacLeod, Stuart; Cooke, Karen
Author Details:
Elizabeth Kinney, Graduate Studen - Masters in Law, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, email: e.kinney@shaw.ca; Lei Shen; Ben Warren; Dr. Robert Armstrong; Mary Anne Bobinski; Dr. Jerry Spiegel; Dr. Stuart MacLeod; Karen Cooke
Abstract:
Introduction: There is increasing evidence to demonstrate that children and young adults are the populations most susceptible to the negative effects of exposure to environmental agents (EAs). The purpose of this project, funded by Health Canada, was to review and evaluate government policies and regulations, as well as influential non-governmental actions, in selected Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries to identify effective means of reducing children's exposure to EAs. Goals and Objectives: The primary goal of the study was to provide Health Canada with evidence of governmental action taken by the selected countries as well as to evaluate whether this action reduced negative health outcomes in children. The objectives were to: 1. Review government instruments (GIs) that take into account children's vulnerabilities to environmental exposure; 2. Identify successful and unsuccessful practical experiences in implementing these GIs; 3. Identify, review, analyze, and appraise the best available existing knowledge related to children's environmental health; 4. Provide recommendations about developing and implementing policies for improving children's environmental health to Health Canada. Method: Five countries were selected to narrow the field of examination; these included Japan, Mexico, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. To facilitate the development of research questions, three exposure settings were considered: the biological environment, the built environment, and the natural environment. Three levels of analysis guided the research: 1. Evaluate policy development and implementation; 2. Assess risk and management strategies; and 3. Identify pertinent health indicators. Evaluation: Though all five countries are OECD members and active participants in the World Health Organization (WHO), there is great variation among them with respect to development and implementation of policies related to child health. It appears that financial, political, and sociological barriers within each country may account for differences. Interviews and research demonstrate that European countries have advanced further in both legislating and implementing in this field.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleProtecting Our Children: How Selected OECD Countries Govern Environmental Health Threats to Childrenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKinney, Elizabethen_US
dc.contributor.authorShen, Leien_US
dc.contributor.authorWarren, Benen_US
dc.contributor.authorArmstrong, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorBobinski, Mary Anneen_US
dc.contributor.authorSpiegel, Jerryen_US
dc.contributor.authorMacLeod, Stuarten_US
dc.contributor.authorCooke, Karenen_US
dc.author.detailsElizabeth Kinney, Graduate Studen - Masters in Law, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, email: e.kinney@shaw.ca; Lei Shen; Ben Warren; Dr. Robert Armstrong; Mary Anne Bobinski; Dr. Jerry Spiegel; Dr. Stuart MacLeod; Karen Cookeen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163973-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: There is increasing evidence to demonstrate that children and young adults are the populations most susceptible to the negative effects of exposure to environmental agents (EAs). The purpose of this project, funded by Health Canada, was to review and evaluate government policies and regulations, as well as influential non-governmental actions, in selected Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries to identify effective means of reducing children's exposure to EAs. Goals and Objectives: The primary goal of the study was to provide Health Canada with evidence of governmental action taken by the selected countries as well as to evaluate whether this action reduced negative health outcomes in children. The objectives were to: 1. Review government instruments (GIs) that take into account children's vulnerabilities to environmental exposure; 2. Identify successful and unsuccessful practical experiences in implementing these GIs; 3. Identify, review, analyze, and appraise the best available existing knowledge related to children's environmental health; 4. Provide recommendations about developing and implementing policies for improving children's environmental health to Health Canada. Method: Five countries were selected to narrow the field of examination; these included Japan, Mexico, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. To facilitate the development of research questions, three exposure settings were considered: the biological environment, the built environment, and the natural environment. Three levels of analysis guided the research: 1. Evaluate policy development and implementation; 2. Assess risk and management strategies; and 3. Identify pertinent health indicators. Evaluation: Though all five countries are OECD members and active participants in the World Health Organization (WHO), there is great variation among them with respect to development and implementation of policies related to child health. It appears that financial, political, and sociological barriers within each country may account for differences. Interviews and research demonstrate that European countries have advanced further in both legislating and implementing in this field.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:35:53Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:35:53Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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