Kenyan Refugee Situation for Children: Exposure to HIV/AIDS Infection?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/164003
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Kenyan Refugee Situation for Children: Exposure to HIV/AIDS Infection?
Author(s):
Ochieng, Rubai Mandela
Author Details:
Rubai Mandela Ochieng, PhD Student, Department of Educational Foundations, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya email: mandelarro@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:
Purpose: To increase the understanding of the situation of child-refugees in Kenya. This paper examines how the refugee situation raises the vulnerability of children to HIV infection. Background: The issue of refugees is not a new phenomenon in Kenya and the rest of the world. On the other hand, HIV/AIDS has become a major issue of global concern and Sub-Saharan Africa, where Kenya is located, remains by far the worst affected region. Children and women form a special group as far as HIV/AIDS and refugees' situation are considered and efforts to protect them must be deliberate. To develop effective strategies for protecting children against HIV infection, it is necessary to understand the situations that expose them to infection. Results: Some of the experiences by child-refugees discussed include the breakdown of family support networks, social dislocation, restricted movement in camps, overcrowding and enforced idleness. The whole question of children being neglected and forced to work as child solders and bonded laborers was discussed as well as their interaction with people of diverse socio-cultural and religious backgrounds at the camps. Also discussed is the issue of insufficient health facilities and incompetent health workers for refugees, among other factors. Some of the ways through which the refugee situation exposes children to HIV infection discussed include: risky sexual behavior resulting from lack of parental supervision, exposure of children to domestic and sexual violence and child-prostitution. Also discussed is the question of children being denied the right to information on HIV/AIDS and reproductive health and the fact that some people around child-refugees- including those entrusted with the children's care and protection- take advantage of them and exploit them sexually. Other factors include insufficient supply of condoms at refugee camps and their destruction as well as poor treatment of STIs. Conclusion: The paper provides recommendations on best practices to protect child-refugees from HIV infection. These include: effective HIV/AIDS education for refugees, promoting peace, integrating refugees into the general populations, keeping refugees busy and legal penalties against people who exploit child-refugees.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleKenyan Refugee Situation for Children: Exposure to HIV/AIDS Infection?en_GB
dc.contributor.authorOchieng, Rubai Mandelaen_US
dc.author.detailsRubai Mandela Ochieng, PhD Student, Department of Educational Foundations, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya email: mandelarro@yahoo.co.uken_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/164003-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To increase the understanding of the situation of child-refugees in Kenya. This paper examines how the refugee situation raises the vulnerability of children to HIV infection. Background: The issue of refugees is not a new phenomenon in Kenya and the rest of the world. On the other hand, HIV/AIDS has become a major issue of global concern and Sub-Saharan Africa, where Kenya is located, remains by far the worst affected region. Children and women form a special group as far as HIV/AIDS and refugees' situation are considered and efforts to protect them must be deliberate. To develop effective strategies for protecting children against HIV infection, it is necessary to understand the situations that expose them to infection. Results: Some of the experiences by child-refugees discussed include the breakdown of family support networks, social dislocation, restricted movement in camps, overcrowding and enforced idleness. The whole question of children being neglected and forced to work as child solders and bonded laborers was discussed as well as their interaction with people of diverse socio-cultural and religious backgrounds at the camps. Also discussed is the issue of insufficient health facilities and incompetent health workers for refugees, among other factors. Some of the ways through which the refugee situation exposes children to HIV infection discussed include: risky sexual behavior resulting from lack of parental supervision, exposure of children to domestic and sexual violence and child-prostitution. Also discussed is the question of children being denied the right to information on HIV/AIDS and reproductive health and the fact that some people around child-refugees- including those entrusted with the children's care and protection- take advantage of them and exploit them sexually. Other factors include insufficient supply of condoms at refugee camps and their destruction as well as poor treatment of STIs. Conclusion: The paper provides recommendations on best practices to protect child-refugees from HIV infection. These include: effective HIV/AIDS education for refugees, promoting peace, integrating refugees into the general populations, keeping refugees busy and legal penalties against people who exploit child-refugees.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:36:24Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:36:24Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.