Rural Women's Participation in Household Decision-Making in Bangladesh

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/164009
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Rural Women's Participation in Household Decision-Making in Bangladesh
Author(s):
Parveen, Shahnaj
Author Details:
Shahnaj Parveen, Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, email: shahnaj1969@yahoo.com
Abstract:
Background: An overwhelming majority of the women live in rural areas of Bangladesh. Due to the prevailing patriarchal social setting, they are still economically deprived, often socially discriminated and normally confined within the homestead. Women's autonomy in decision-making is potentially important to bring equality between women and men at household level in order to achieve well-being of women in rural social systems. This paper contributes to an understanding of rural women's empowerment by analyzing their level of participation in the household decision-making process and factors influencing it. Design: The study was conducted in three villages of Sadar Upazila of Mymensingh District. Data were collected from 156 farmwives of different households through face-to-face interviews during January-April 2003. Qualitative methods, such as group discussions, preference ranking, SWOT analysis and case studies were also used. Significance: The empirical results reveal that among 14 aspects considered, the respondents have considerable participation only in making minor household decisions like, maintaining family privacy, purchasing personal items and children's health care. Their participation concerning childbearing and exercising voting choice in any adult franchise is remarkably low. The limited participation of women in agricultural decision-making, such as technology adoption, land acquisition, crop cultivation, selling agricultural produce and purchase of agricultural inputs have also been found. The Spearman's rank correlation analysis indicates that marital age, formal schooling, having only male children, ownership of productive assets, exposure to mass media and physical mobility of women are positively correlated with their level of participation in household decision-making. It has also been observed that lack of formal schooling and technical skills, land ownership and income, dowry pressure and early marriage are the most crucial impediments in achieving women's autonomy within the household. The study concludes that an integrated and combined effort by the development organizations through rural community initiatives would be highly necessary to uplift rural women's empowerment by providing them vocational education, economic resources like credit, information through mass media regarding gender issues as well as income generation. This would, to an extent, pave the way for equal participation of women in household decision-making.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRural Women's Participation in Household Decision-Making in Bangladeshen_GB
dc.contributor.authorParveen, Shahnajen_US
dc.author.detailsShahnaj Parveen, Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, email: shahnaj1969@yahoo.comen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/164009-
dc.description.abstractBackground: An overwhelming majority of the women live in rural areas of Bangladesh. Due to the prevailing patriarchal social setting, they are still economically deprived, often socially discriminated and normally confined within the homestead. Women's autonomy in decision-making is potentially important to bring equality between women and men at household level in order to achieve well-being of women in rural social systems. This paper contributes to an understanding of rural women's empowerment by analyzing their level of participation in the household decision-making process and factors influencing it. Design: The study was conducted in three villages of Sadar Upazila of Mymensingh District. Data were collected from 156 farmwives of different households through face-to-face interviews during January-April 2003. Qualitative methods, such as group discussions, preference ranking, SWOT analysis and case studies were also used. Significance: The empirical results reveal that among 14 aspects considered, the respondents have considerable participation only in making minor household decisions like, maintaining family privacy, purchasing personal items and children's health care. Their participation concerning childbearing and exercising voting choice in any adult franchise is remarkably low. The limited participation of women in agricultural decision-making, such as technology adoption, land acquisition, crop cultivation, selling agricultural produce and purchase of agricultural inputs have also been found. The Spearman's rank correlation analysis indicates that marital age, formal schooling, having only male children, ownership of productive assets, exposure to mass media and physical mobility of women are positively correlated with their level of participation in household decision-making. It has also been observed that lack of formal schooling and technical skills, land ownership and income, dowry pressure and early marriage are the most crucial impediments in achieving women's autonomy within the household. The study concludes that an integrated and combined effort by the development organizations through rural community initiatives would be highly necessary to uplift rural women's empowerment by providing them vocational education, economic resources like credit, information through mass media regarding gender issues as well as income generation. This would, to an extent, pave the way for equal participation of women in household decision-making.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:36:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:36:30Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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