Matters of the Heart: Instrument Development to Test Women's Knowledge of Female Ml Symptoms and Risk Factors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/164090
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Matters of the Heart: Instrument Development to Test Women's Knowledge of Female Ml Symptoms and Risk Factors
Author(s):
Kalman, Melanie; Stewart Fahs, Pamela
Author Details:
Melanie Kalman, PhD, CNS, Upstate Medical University College of Nursing, Syracuse, New York, USA, email: kalmanm@upstate.edu; Pamela S Fahs, RN, DSN, Professor, Decker Chair in Rural Nursing, Decker School of Nursing Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York, USA
Abstract:
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to develop an instrument testing women's knowledge of MI, risk factors, and susceptibility to heart disease. SIGNIFICANCE: Heart disease is the number one cause of death for women and they exhibit more risk factors then men. Their MI symptoms are different from men. This along with the lack of awareness about these differences means that they are less likely to recognize MI symptoms and to seek treatment. There are no instruments that test a general female population on women's knowledge of female Ml symptoms and risk factors and of women's intent to change cardiac risk behaviors. The CNS can influence women's cardiac health globally. Design: Mixed methods. METHODS: In focus groups (n=20) subjects will be asked to share perceptions of heart attacks and heart disease in women. The initial instrument will then be adapted from several other instruments and the focus group data An expert panel will examine this instrument for content validity. Fifty subjects will be given an educational intervention followed by testing with the instrument on female Ml symptoms and risks. Some of the subjects (n=10) will participate in individual interviews to examine how subjects felt the items on the test matched information presented in the program and their understanding of the items. The instrument will be modified and factor analysis will be calculated along with reliability data. The new instrument will be retested on SO additional subjects, after the educational intervention. FINDINGS: Results are pending and will be complete before the conference. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to increase cardiac knowledge for women so that they will modify risk behaviors and seek earlier treatment for cardiac issues. Instrument development is essential as the first step in accurately measuring awareness of female MI symptoms, reducing personal CHD risk and understanding the need to seek treatment if Ml symptoms occur. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of women in the United States and by developing an instrument, educational interventions can be tested to see if they are efficacious in teaching women to change behaviors so that they become more heart healthy. The CNS can be the leader in this change.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2010
Conference Name:
CNS as Interal Consultant: Influencing Local to Global Systems
Conference Host:
NACNS - National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists
Conference Location:
Portland, Oregon, USA
Description:
Conference theme: CNS as Internal Consultant: Influencing Local to Global Systems, held March 3 - 6, Portland, Oregon, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMatters of the Heart: Instrument Development to Test Women's Knowledge of Female Ml Symptoms and Risk Factorsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKalman, Melanieen_US
dc.contributor.authorStewart Fahs, Pamelaen_US
dc.author.detailsMelanie Kalman, PhD, CNS, Upstate Medical University College of Nursing, Syracuse, New York, USA, email: kalmanm@upstate.edu; Pamela S Fahs, RN, DSN, Professor, Decker Chair in Rural Nursing, Decker School of Nursing Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/164090-
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to develop an instrument testing women's knowledge of MI, risk factors, and susceptibility to heart disease. SIGNIFICANCE: Heart disease is the number one cause of death for women and they exhibit more risk factors then men. Their MI symptoms are different from men. This along with the lack of awareness about these differences means that they are less likely to recognize MI symptoms and to seek treatment. There are no instruments that test a general female population on women's knowledge of female Ml symptoms and risk factors and of women's intent to change cardiac risk behaviors. The CNS can influence women's cardiac health globally. Design: Mixed methods. METHODS: In focus groups (n=20) subjects will be asked to share perceptions of heart attacks and heart disease in women. The initial instrument will then be adapted from several other instruments and the focus group data An expert panel will examine this instrument for content validity. Fifty subjects will be given an educational intervention followed by testing with the instrument on female Ml symptoms and risks. Some of the subjects (n=10) will participate in individual interviews to examine how subjects felt the items on the test matched information presented in the program and their understanding of the items. The instrument will be modified and factor analysis will be calculated along with reliability data. The new instrument will be retested on SO additional subjects, after the educational intervention. FINDINGS: Results are pending and will be complete before the conference. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to increase cardiac knowledge for women so that they will modify risk behaviors and seek earlier treatment for cardiac issues. Instrument development is essential as the first step in accurately measuring awareness of female MI symptoms, reducing personal CHD risk and understanding the need to seek treatment if Ml symptoms occur. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of women in the United States and by developing an instrument, educational interventions can be tested to see if they are efficacious in teaching women to change behaviors so that they become more heart healthy. The CNS can be the leader in this change.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:41:50Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:41:50Z-
dc.conference.date2010en_US
dc.conference.nameCNS as Interal Consultant: Influencing Local to Global Systemsen_US
dc.conference.hostNACNS - National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialistsen_US
dc.conference.locationPortland, Oregon, USAen_US
dc.descriptionConference theme: CNS as Internal Consultant: Influencing Local to Global Systems, held March 3 - 6, Portland, Oregon, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.en_US
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