Self-Transcendence and Well-Being in Women With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Following a Support Group Intervention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/164647
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-Transcendence and Well-Being in Women With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Following a Support Group Intervention
Author(s):
Coward, D.
Author Details:
D. Coward, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA
Abstract:
Many women attend a cancer support group to help reduce the negative impact of breast cancer on their lives. The traditional goals of cancer support groups are to provide basic information about cancer and treatment, offer emotional support, and teach coping mechanisms. Purpose: The purpose of this experimental design study was to expand those traditional goals by consciously promoting self-transcendence views and behaviors within support groups for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Theoretical/Scientific Framework: Experimental group session activities were developed from theory and previous research linking multidimensional expansion of self-concept boundaries (self-transcendence) with finding meaning and maintaining/restoring physical and emotional well-being. Greater change was hypothesized on study variables over an 8-10 month period in women participating in the experimental groups compared with women in traditional cancer support groups. Methods: All participants completed paper and pencil questionnaires three times (at baseline, after the experimental intervention or 2-3 months later, and 8 months later). Study instruments (Self-Transcendence Scale, Purpose-in-Life Test, Symptom Distress Scale, Karnovsky Performance Status, Profile of Mood States, Cognitive Well-Being Scale, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale) were used previously in women with breast cancer and demonstrated acceptable reliability in this study. Data Analysis: Data were analyzed with correlation, t-test, ANOVA, and effect size. Findings and Implications: The intervention had a small effect (Cohen's d = .23-.29) on self-transcendence, but less effect on perceptions of physical and emotional well-being. Most women returned to previous levels of well-being following initial cancer treatment. Theory-based support groups that facilitate self-transcendence views and behaviors may help survivors more easily find purpose and meaning within the context of their diagnosis and treatment. Findings support the results of earlier pilot studies and provide direction for oncology nurses' encouragement of women with breast cancer to engage in self-transcendence promoting activities.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2004
Conference Name:
29th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Anaheim, California, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-Transcendence and Well-Being in Women With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Following a Support Group Interventionen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCoward, D.en_US
dc.author.detailsD. Coward, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/164647-
dc.description.abstractMany women attend a cancer support group to help reduce the negative impact of breast cancer on their lives. The traditional goals of cancer support groups are to provide basic information about cancer and treatment, offer emotional support, and teach coping mechanisms. Purpose: The purpose of this experimental design study was to expand those traditional goals by consciously promoting self-transcendence views and behaviors within support groups for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Theoretical/Scientific Framework: Experimental group session activities were developed from theory and previous research linking multidimensional expansion of self-concept boundaries (self-transcendence) with finding meaning and maintaining/restoring physical and emotional well-being. Greater change was hypothesized on study variables over an 8-10 month period in women participating in the experimental groups compared with women in traditional cancer support groups. Methods: All participants completed paper and pencil questionnaires three times (at baseline, after the experimental intervention or 2-3 months later, and 8 months later). Study instruments (Self-Transcendence Scale, Purpose-in-Life Test, Symptom Distress Scale, Karnovsky Performance Status, Profile of Mood States, Cognitive Well-Being Scale, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale) were used previously in women with breast cancer and demonstrated acceptable reliability in this study. Data Analysis: Data were analyzed with correlation, t-test, ANOVA, and effect size. Findings and Implications: The intervention had a small effect (Cohen's d = .23-.29) on self-transcendence, but less effect on perceptions of physical and emotional well-being. Most women returned to previous levels of well-being following initial cancer treatment. Theory-based support groups that facilitate self-transcendence views and behaviors may help survivors more easily find purpose and meaning within the context of their diagnosis and treatment. Findings support the results of earlier pilot studies and provide direction for oncology nurses' encouragement of women with breast cancer to engage in self-transcendence promoting activities.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:04:29Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:04:29Z-
dc.conference.date2004en_US
dc.conference.name29th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationAnaheim, California, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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