2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/164666
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
BREAST BIOPSY AND DISTRESS: TESTING A REIKI INTERVENTION
Author(s):
Potter, Pamela
Author Details:
Pamela Potter, APRN, BC, DNSc, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Abstract:
Over one million women annually in the United States undergo breast biopsy. Women, prior to and after breast biopsy, report distressing psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression. The study’s purpose was to test the distress-reducing effect of a standardized Reiki treatment for women undergoing breast biopsy compared with those who receive conventional care. Specific aims were to: (1) describe the distress associated with breast biopsy; and (2) test the effectiveness of Reiki treatments for alleviating the distress. Women who received Reiki were hypothesized to report a significantly greater decrease in post-biopsy distress than those who received conventional care only. Crisis Theory accounts for the crisis experience of breast biopsy that may evolve from the potential diagnosis of cancer, which represents a severe, acute existential threat to the person. Thirty-two women scheduled for breast biopsy were enrolled and randomized to intervention (n = 17) or conventional care control (n = 15). In addition to receiving the conventional care, the intervention group received one Reiki treatment within the week prior to and one within the week after biopsy. Effects were evaluated using self-report questionnaires. Data were double entered and compared for accuracy. Preliminary data analysis computed summary statistics, box plots, and frequency distributions for all variables. The groups were compared for equivalence on all baseline variables—two groups one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for continuous or Fisher’s Exact Test for categorical measurement. Residual analyses were performed; data that were not normally distributed were transformed in order to obtain a more robust analysis. Repeated measures ANOVA tested for a significant group-by-time effect. No difference in distress variables was found between groups at baseline or at study completion. Study participants did not demonstrate a crisis response to breast biopsy. Due to sample selection bias, the study was insufficiently powered to reach informed conclusions about the efficacy of the Reiki intervention. Institutional barriers, internal barriers and barriers to recruiting for a complementary therapy trial impeded recruitment. The results serve as preliminary data for conducting future intervention studies with complementary therapies and this population.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2005
Conference Name:
30th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Orlando, Florida, USA
Sponsors:
Funding Sources: Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program institutional grant, American Cancer Society Scholarship, Funded by the ONS Foundation through an unrestricted grant from Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleBREAST BIOPSY AND DISTRESS: TESTING A REIKI INTERVENTIONen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPotter, Pamelaen_US
dc.author.detailsPamela Potter, APRN, BC, DNSc, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/164666-
dc.description.abstractOver one million women annually in the United States undergo breast biopsy. Women, prior to and after breast biopsy, report distressing psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression. The study’s purpose was to test the distress-reducing effect of a standardized Reiki treatment for women undergoing breast biopsy compared with those who receive conventional care. Specific aims were to: (1) describe the distress associated with breast biopsy; and (2) test the effectiveness of Reiki treatments for alleviating the distress. Women who received Reiki were hypothesized to report a significantly greater decrease in post-biopsy distress than those who received conventional care only. Crisis Theory accounts for the crisis experience of breast biopsy that may evolve from the potential diagnosis of cancer, which represents a severe, acute existential threat to the person. Thirty-two women scheduled for breast biopsy were enrolled and randomized to intervention (n = 17) or conventional care control (n = 15). In addition to receiving the conventional care, the intervention group received one Reiki treatment within the week prior to and one within the week after biopsy. Effects were evaluated using self-report questionnaires. Data were double entered and compared for accuracy. Preliminary data analysis computed summary statistics, box plots, and frequency distributions for all variables. The groups were compared for equivalence on all baseline variables—two groups one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for continuous or Fisher’s Exact Test for categorical measurement. Residual analyses were performed; data that were not normally distributed were transformed in order to obtain a more robust analysis. Repeated measures ANOVA tested for a significant group-by-time effect. No difference in distress variables was found between groups at baseline or at study completion. Study participants did not demonstrate a crisis response to breast biopsy. Due to sample selection bias, the study was insufficiently powered to reach informed conclusions about the efficacy of the Reiki intervention. Institutional barriers, internal barriers and barriers to recruiting for a complementary therapy trial impeded recruitment. The results serve as preliminary data for conducting future intervention studies with complementary therapies and this population.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:04:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:04:49Z-
dc.conference.date2005en_US
dc.conference.name30th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationOrlando, Florida, USAen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding Sources: Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program institutional grant, American Cancer Society Scholarship, Funded by the ONS Foundation through an unrestricted grant from Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.-
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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