DIFFERENCES IN CANCER PAIN EXPERIENCE BETWEEN ASIAN AND CAUCASIAN CANCER PATIENTS IN THE UNITED STATES

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/164687
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
DIFFERENCES IN CANCER PAIN EXPERIENCE BETWEEN ASIAN AND CAUCASIAN CANCER PATIENTS IN THE UNITED STATES
Author(s):
Kim, Kyung Suk; Kim, Young Hee; Shin, Hyujeong; Chee, Wonshik; Im, Eun-Ok
Author Details:
Kyung Suk Kim, PhD, RN, Research Associate, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA, email: kks8722@gmail.com; Kyung Suk Kim; Young Hee Kim; Hyujeong Shin; Wonshik Chee; Eun-Ok Im
Abstract:
Topic: Very few studies have explored ethnic differences in cancer pain experience. Furthermore, the few studies tend to be limited to African American, Hispanic, and Caucasian cancer patients. Consequently, little is known about Asian cancer patients' cancer pain experience. Purpose: This study was to explore and compare cancer pain experience between Asian and Caucasian cancer patients in the U. S. Cancer pain experience was operationalized and measured as pain, symptoms accompanying pain, and functional status. Framework: A feminist approach was used in this study. Methods: This was a cross-sectional and comparative study. 166 cancer patients (83 Asian and 83 Caucasian cancer patients) were recruited through the Internet. The questionnaires were composed of the Verbal Descriptor Scale (VDS), the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale (FPS), the McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form (MPQ-SF), the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Scale (FACT-G). The data were analyzed using Chi-square tests and Mann-Whitney U-tests. Findings: Among Asian cancer patients, the mean VDS score was 2.00 (SD=1.24); the mean VAS score was 21.80 (SD=30.22); the mean FPS score was 2.45 (SD=1.59); the mean MPQ score was 5.56 (SD=9.54); and the mean BPI score was 26.10 (SD=26.88). Among Caucasian cancer patients, the mean VDS score was 2.83 (SD=1.40); the mean VAS score was 40.24 (SD=33.28); the mean FPS score was 3.29 (SD=1.50); the mean MPQ score was 11.94 (SD=11.07); and the mean BPI score was 38.78 (SD=30.27). The mean symptom number of the Asian group was 9.63 (SD=6.16) and that of Caucasian group was 10.81 (SD=8.04). Also, the mean FACT-G score of the Asian group was 78.68 (SD=19.54) and that of Caucasian group was 71.04 (SD=21.62). There were statistically significant differences in the cancer pain scores between Asian and Caucasian cancer patients (p<.01). However, there was no significant difference in symptoms accompanying pain and functional status between the two groups. The findings suggest that nurses need to understand ethnic differences in cancer pain experience.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
31st Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDIFFERENCES IN CANCER PAIN EXPERIENCE BETWEEN ASIAN AND CAUCASIAN CANCER PATIENTS IN THE UNITED STATESen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKim, Kyung Suken_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Young Heeen_US
dc.contributor.authorShin, Hyujeongen_US
dc.contributor.authorChee, Wonshiken_US
dc.contributor.authorIm, Eun-Oken_US
dc.author.detailsKyung Suk Kim, PhD, RN, Research Associate, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA, email: kks8722@gmail.com; Kyung Suk Kim; Young Hee Kim; Hyujeong Shin; Wonshik Chee; Eun-Ok Imen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/164687-
dc.description.abstractTopic: Very few studies have explored ethnic differences in cancer pain experience. Furthermore, the few studies tend to be limited to African American, Hispanic, and Caucasian cancer patients. Consequently, little is known about Asian cancer patients' cancer pain experience. Purpose: This study was to explore and compare cancer pain experience between Asian and Caucasian cancer patients in the U. S. Cancer pain experience was operationalized and measured as pain, symptoms accompanying pain, and functional status. Framework: A feminist approach was used in this study. Methods: This was a cross-sectional and comparative study. 166 cancer patients (83 Asian and 83 Caucasian cancer patients) were recruited through the Internet. The questionnaires were composed of the Verbal Descriptor Scale (VDS), the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale (FPS), the McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form (MPQ-SF), the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Scale (FACT-G). The data were analyzed using Chi-square tests and Mann-Whitney U-tests. Findings: Among Asian cancer patients, the mean VDS score was 2.00 (SD=1.24); the mean VAS score was 21.80 (SD=30.22); the mean FPS score was 2.45 (SD=1.59); the mean MPQ score was 5.56 (SD=9.54); and the mean BPI score was 26.10 (SD=26.88). Among Caucasian cancer patients, the mean VDS score was 2.83 (SD=1.40); the mean VAS score was 40.24 (SD=33.28); the mean FPS score was 3.29 (SD=1.50); the mean MPQ score was 11.94 (SD=11.07); and the mean BPI score was 38.78 (SD=30.27). The mean symptom number of the Asian group was 9.63 (SD=6.16) and that of Caucasian group was 10.81 (SD=8.04). Also, the mean FACT-G score of the Asian group was 78.68 (SD=19.54) and that of Caucasian group was 71.04 (SD=21.62). There were statistically significant differences in the cancer pain scores between Asian and Caucasian cancer patients (p&lt;.01). However, there was no significant difference in symptoms accompanying pain and functional status between the two groups. The findings suggest that nurses need to understand ethnic differences in cancer pain experience.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:05:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:05:11Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name31st Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationBoston, Massachusetts, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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