Two Year Report on the Impact of a Community-based Exercise Program for Persons with Cancer

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/164978
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Two Year Report on the Impact of a Community-based Exercise Program for Persons with Cancer
Author(s):
Haas, Barbara; Kimmel, Gary
Author Details:
Barbara Haas, PhD, RN, Associate Professor, The University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, Texas, USA, email: BarbaraHaas@uttyler.edu; Gary Kimmel, MD, Cancer Foundation for Life, Tyler, Texas
Abstract:
Research Study: Substantial physical and psychological benefits of exercise for persons with cancer are well documented. However, the majority of studies have been of short duration or tightly controlled, excluding persons with less common cancers or advanced disease. In addition, reimbursement for physical rehabilitation is limited, short-term, or nonexistent, making supervised exercise inaccessible to many persons with cancer. The purposes of this study were (1) to demonstrate the efficacy of utilizing existing health care resources to create a cost-free exercise program and (2) to determine the effects of that program on the quality of life (QOL) of persons with cancer. These purposes support 2007 ONS Research Priority 5.2, Physical Function and the need for longitudinal studies to determine efficacy over time along with the need to provide vulnerable populations access to care. A theoretical model, generated by integrating selected concepts from Pender's Health Promotion Model and Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory, was used to guide the study. This longitudinal, quasi-experimental study was conducted over two years. Participants were referred by their physician to participate in a cost-free, individualized program of exercise at one of twelve community centers. Participants (n=435) were primarily female, Caucasian, and included persons at all stages of different cancer diagnoses. The Medical Outcomes Survey, Short Form, version 2.0 (SF-36, v.2) was used to assess QOL. Data collection took place at baseline, every three months during year one, and every six months during year two. Data was entered into SPSS 15.0 and analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Findings supported the positive impact of exercise on QOL as predicted by the model. Significant subscale scores of the SF-36 included: physical function (F=2.92, p <. 01); role physical (F=4.54, p < .01); vitality (F=5.08, p <.01); social function (F=4.81, p < .01); role emotional (F=2.43, p < .05); mental health (F=2.23, p < .05); and general health (F=2.11, p < .05) were sustainable over time. Scores for the bodily pain subscale was nonsignificant. This research supports the feasibility of a cost-free long-term community-based program of individualized exercise as an effective intervention to improve the QOL for persons with all types and stages of cancer.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2009
Conference Name:
34th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
San Antonio, Texas, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTwo Year Report on the Impact of a Community-based Exercise Program for Persons with Canceren_GB
dc.contributor.authorHaas, Barbaraen_US
dc.contributor.authorKimmel, Garyen_US
dc.author.detailsBarbara Haas, PhD, RN, Associate Professor, The University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, Texas, USA, email: BarbaraHaas@uttyler.edu; Gary Kimmel, MD, Cancer Foundation for Life, Tyler, Texasen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/164978-
dc.description.abstractResearch Study: Substantial physical and psychological benefits of exercise for persons with cancer are well documented. However, the majority of studies have been of short duration or tightly controlled, excluding persons with less common cancers or advanced disease. In addition, reimbursement for physical rehabilitation is limited, short-term, or nonexistent, making supervised exercise inaccessible to many persons with cancer. The purposes of this study were (1) to demonstrate the efficacy of utilizing existing health care resources to create a cost-free exercise program and (2) to determine the effects of that program on the quality of life (QOL) of persons with cancer. These purposes support 2007 ONS Research Priority 5.2, Physical Function and the need for longitudinal studies to determine efficacy over time along with the need to provide vulnerable populations access to care. A theoretical model, generated by integrating selected concepts from Pender's Health Promotion Model and Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory, was used to guide the study. This longitudinal, quasi-experimental study was conducted over two years. Participants were referred by their physician to participate in a cost-free, individualized program of exercise at one of twelve community centers. Participants (n=435) were primarily female, Caucasian, and included persons at all stages of different cancer diagnoses. The Medical Outcomes Survey, Short Form, version 2.0 (SF-36, v.2) was used to assess QOL. Data collection took place at baseline, every three months during year one, and every six months during year two. Data was entered into SPSS 15.0 and analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Findings supported the positive impact of exercise on QOL as predicted by the model. Significant subscale scores of the SF-36 included: physical function (F=2.92, p &lt;. 01); role physical (F=4.54, p &lt; .01); vitality (F=5.08, p &lt;.01); social function (F=4.81, p &lt; .01); role emotional (F=2.43, p &lt; .05); mental health (F=2.23, p &lt; .05); and general health (F=2.11, p &lt; .05) were sustainable over time. Scores for the bodily pain subscale was nonsignificant. This research supports the feasibility of a cost-free long-term community-based program of individualized exercise as an effective intervention to improve the QOL for persons with all types and stages of cancer.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:10:23Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:10:23Z-
dc.conference.date2009en_US
dc.conference.name34th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationSan Antonio, Texas, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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