THE SOCIAL COGNITIVE TRANSITION MODEL (SCTM): A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING THE RELATIONSHIP OF LOCUS OF CONTROL, DISPOSITIONAL OPTIMISM, AND MEANING IN LIFE TO SPIRITUAL/RELIGIOUS OUTCOMES

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165120
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
THE SOCIAL COGNITIVE TRANSITION MODEL (SCTM): A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING THE RELATIONSHIP OF LOCUS OF CONTROL, DISPOSITIONAL OPTIMISM, AND MEANING IN LIFE TO SPIRITUAL/RELIGIOUS OUTCOMES
Author(s):
Schreiber, Judy
Author Details:
Judy Schreiber, RN MSN, Research Assistant, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, email: judy.schreiber@uky.edu
Abstract:
Many theories and models have attempted to explain the mechanisms of psychological adjustment to stress. Brennan has proposed a new model, the SCTM integrating the Stress and Coping Model (SCM) by Lazarus and Folkman and the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) to comprehensively explain psychological adjustment within an individualÆs worldview. The SCTM has been developed to incorporate the concepts of the reciprocal interaction of the person with their environment, the psychosocial determinants of behavior, and coping behavior as proposed by the SCT and the SCM. The 2005 ONS Research Agenda focuses on psychosocial and behavioral issues of the individual and family during treatment and survivorship. The purpose of the proposed study is to examine the directionality of the relationships of locus of control, dispositional optimism, meaning in life, and spiritual/religious outcomes within the SCTM framework. Understanding this directionality may well present the means to develop useful, tailored educational materials and interventions that work within general categories of cognitive maps. Materials presented in a format compatible with a particular cognitive map category would theoretically be more effective as it would fit with correspond with core assumptions. The appraisal of the experience or event as confirming or disconfirming the individualÆs expectations and the resultant strengthening or adjusting of assumptions may prove to be a stronger influence on adjustment than the particular coping style employed. The concepts of locus of control and dispositional optimism both include the idea of expectation, the primary premise of the SCTM. Assisting someone to adjust to adjust to new circumstances is grounded in understanding key factors that influence the development of assumptions that form their mental model of the world. Fundamental beliefs that underlie core assumptions are often influenced by personality traits that form the lens through which one views the world. Attribution of power to internal or external sources that influence life events or behaviors is a strong basis for assumptions and expectations. Therefore, locus of control is posited as the primary causal factor in spiritual/religious outcomes. Dispositional optimism and meaning in life have been correlated with locus of control but rarely is examined as a mediator or moderator in the relationship.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2007
Conference Name:
32nd Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTHE SOCIAL COGNITIVE TRANSITION MODEL (SCTM): A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING THE RELATIONSHIP OF LOCUS OF CONTROL, DISPOSITIONAL OPTIMISM, AND MEANING IN LIFE TO SPIRITUAL/RELIGIOUS OUTCOMESen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSchreiber, Judyen_US
dc.author.detailsJudy Schreiber, RN MSN, Research Assistant, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, email: judy.schreiber@uky.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165120-
dc.description.abstractMany theories and models have attempted to explain the mechanisms of psychological adjustment to stress. Brennan has proposed a new model, the SCTM integrating the Stress and Coping Model (SCM) by Lazarus and Folkman and the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) to comprehensively explain psychological adjustment within an individualÆs worldview. The SCTM has been developed to incorporate the concepts of the reciprocal interaction of the person with their environment, the psychosocial determinants of behavior, and coping behavior as proposed by the SCT and the SCM. The 2005 ONS Research Agenda focuses on psychosocial and behavioral issues of the individual and family during treatment and survivorship. The purpose of the proposed study is to examine the directionality of the relationships of locus of control, dispositional optimism, meaning in life, and spiritual/religious outcomes within the SCTM framework. Understanding this directionality may well present the means to develop useful, tailored educational materials and interventions that work within general categories of cognitive maps. Materials presented in a format compatible with a particular cognitive map category would theoretically be more effective as it would fit with correspond with core assumptions. The appraisal of the experience or event as confirming or disconfirming the individualÆs expectations and the resultant strengthening or adjusting of assumptions may prove to be a stronger influence on adjustment than the particular coping style employed. The concepts of locus of control and dispositional optimism both include the idea of expectation, the primary premise of the SCTM. Assisting someone to adjust to adjust to new circumstances is grounded in understanding key factors that influence the development of assumptions that form their mental model of the world. Fundamental beliefs that underlie core assumptions are often influenced by personality traits that form the lens through which one views the world. Attribution of power to internal or external sources that influence life events or behaviors is a strong basis for assumptions and expectations. Therefore, locus of control is posited as the primary causal factor in spiritual/religious outcomes. Dispositional optimism and meaning in life have been correlated with locus of control but rarely is examined as a mediator or moderator in the relationship.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:12:52Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:12:52Z-
dc.conference.date2007en_US
dc.conference.name32nd Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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