2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165342
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Characteristics of Lung Cancer Screening Participants
Author(s):
Joyce, M.
Author Details:
M. Joyce, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Abstract:
Individually, and as a group, the participants of lung cancer screening programs are of interest because they comprise a population that shows interest in health promotion but may continue unhealthy behaviors such as smoking. Participant contact with a health professional during the screening is a golden opportunity for health education and promotion. Purpose: Despite the fact that multiple lung cancer screening programs have been completed since the 1970s, little aggregate information about the participants is published. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the research on lung cancer screening programs to describe the characteristics of the participants. Specifically, this review addresses: 1) participant recruitment process, 2) participant demographic profile 3) compliance with follow up screen and 4) participant smoking status. Theoretical/Scientific Framework: Methods: A search of computerized databases from 1966 to June 2004 was conducted using the keyword screening combined with lung neoplasm and smoking. Forty-two citations were found that met the inclusion criteria of an empiric study that described a lung cancer screening program. Studies were excluded if they described non-volunteer screenings. Data Analysis: This review examines 26 reports of clinical studies that screened individuals for lung cancer. Eleven studies used a chest radiograph (CXR) and 15 studies involved spiral low dose computed tomography (LDCT) as the primary screening intervention. The findings are organized according to the review objectives. Findings and Implications: Aggregate data about the characteristics of lung screening participants are sparse. Little demographic information besides gender and age is known. The reported lung cancer screening population is mainly homogeneous comprised of white males age 50 and above. Socioeconomic information is missing. In general, compliance with annual screening was high. Although smoking status was missing in most studies, six studies reported that a majority (range 61 to 86%) of the participants were current smokers. It is recommended that descriptive participant data from the National Lung Screening Trial and future lung cancer screenings be reported robustly and described in detail along with the screening outcome. Researchers and health care practitioners who wish to tailor smoking cessation interventions or target this group for health education would benefit from a greater understanding of lung cancer screening participant characteristics.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2005
Conference Name:
30th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Orlando, Florida, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCharacteristics of Lung Cancer Screening Participantsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorJoyce, M.en_US
dc.author.detailsM. Joyce, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165342-
dc.description.abstractIndividually, and as a group, the participants of lung cancer screening programs are of interest because they comprise a population that shows interest in health promotion but may continue unhealthy behaviors such as smoking. Participant contact with a health professional during the screening is a golden opportunity for health education and promotion. Purpose: Despite the fact that multiple lung cancer screening programs have been completed since the 1970s, little aggregate information about the participants is published. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the research on lung cancer screening programs to describe the characteristics of the participants. Specifically, this review addresses: 1) participant recruitment process, 2) participant demographic profile 3) compliance with follow up screen and 4) participant smoking status. Theoretical/Scientific Framework: Methods: A search of computerized databases from 1966 to June 2004 was conducted using the keyword screening combined with lung neoplasm and smoking. Forty-two citations were found that met the inclusion criteria of an empiric study that described a lung cancer screening program. Studies were excluded if they described non-volunteer screenings. Data Analysis: This review examines 26 reports of clinical studies that screened individuals for lung cancer. Eleven studies used a chest radiograph (CXR) and 15 studies involved spiral low dose computed tomography (LDCT) as the primary screening intervention. The findings are organized according to the review objectives. Findings and Implications: Aggregate data about the characteristics of lung screening participants are sparse. Little demographic information besides gender and age is known. The reported lung cancer screening population is mainly homogeneous comprised of white males age 50 and above. Socioeconomic information is missing. In general, compliance with annual screening was high. Although smoking status was missing in most studies, six studies reported that a majority (range 61 to 86%) of the participants were current smokers. It is recommended that descriptive participant data from the National Lung Screening Trial and future lung cancer screenings be reported robustly and described in detail along with the screening outcome. Researchers and health care practitioners who wish to tailor smoking cessation interventions or target this group for health education would benefit from a greater understanding of lung cancer screening participant characteristics.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:16:50Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:16:50Z-
dc.conference.date2005en_US
dc.conference.name30th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationOrlando, Florida, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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