Increasing Testicular Self-Examination in Active Duty Soldiers: An Intervention Study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165403
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Increasing Testicular Self-Examination in Active Duty Soldiers: An Intervention Study
Author(s):
Brown, Capt. Carlton
Author Details:
Capt. Carlton Brown, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
Abstract:
INTRODUCTION: Critical for military mission readiness, health maintenance includes not only prevention but also early detection of disease. Eighty percent of active duty (AD) male soldiers fall within the highest age risk category for testicular cancer (TC): a potentially fatal disease. TC is the most common malignancy in males between the ages of 18 to 35 years old. With early detection, TC is highly curable. However, a Department of Defense survey revealed that only 33% of AD males practiced monthly testicular self-exam (TSE). The devastating consequences of late stage treatment makes TSE a potentially life-saving practice. PURPOSE/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine which of two educational interventions, based on the Health Belief Model, is the most effective in increasing soldiers’ self-reported practice of monthly TSE. This study aims to: 1) Assess the knowledge of and beliefs about TC and TSE; 2) Identify the proportion of soldiers who practice monthly TSE; 3) Evaluate the impact of printed versus peer-taught video educational materials on knowledge of and beliefs about TC and TSE and monthly TSE performance; and 4) Determine which intervention is most effective in increasing monthly TSE performance. DESIGN: This study is a quasi-experimental, three-group comparison, pre-test/post-test design. SAMPLE: The sample consisted of AD soldiers assigned to one of three military units (150 soldiers in each). Each group will be randomly assigned one of the following interventions: 1) TC/TSE written pamphlet and shower card; 2) 12-minute peer-taught video featuring TC soldier/survivors and shower card; and 3) 12-minute sports injury prevention lecture (control group - no TC/TSE content). METHODS: A survey, based on Blesch’s (1986) TC/TSE Health Belief Questionnaire (HBQ), will measure TC/TSE knowledge and self-care practices pre- and three months post-intervention. DATA ANALYSIS: Descriptive and inferential statistics will be used. A 3X2 Chi Square analysis with planned comparisons will identify which intervention is the most effective. Repeated measures ANOVA with post hocs will assess differences between pre- and post-test subscales of the TC/TSE HBQ for all three groups. FINDINGS: Final analysis will be completed in late September 2002.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2003
Conference Name:
28th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Denver, Colorado, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleIncreasing Testicular Self-Examination in Active Duty Soldiers: An Intervention Studyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Capt. Carltonen_US
dc.author.detailsCapt. Carlton Brown, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165403-
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: Critical for military mission readiness, health maintenance includes not only prevention but also early detection of disease. Eighty percent of active duty (AD) male soldiers fall within the highest age risk category for testicular cancer (TC): a potentially fatal disease. TC is the most common malignancy in males between the ages of 18 to 35 years old. With early detection, TC is highly curable. However, a Department of Defense survey revealed that only 33% of AD males practiced monthly testicular self-exam (TSE). The devastating consequences of late stage treatment makes TSE a potentially life-saving practice. PURPOSE/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine which of two educational interventions, based on the Health Belief Model, is the most effective in increasing soldiers’ self-reported practice of monthly TSE. This study aims to: 1) Assess the knowledge of and beliefs about TC and TSE; 2) Identify the proportion of soldiers who practice monthly TSE; 3) Evaluate the impact of printed versus peer-taught video educational materials on knowledge of and beliefs about TC and TSE and monthly TSE performance; and 4) Determine which intervention is most effective in increasing monthly TSE performance. DESIGN: This study is a quasi-experimental, three-group comparison, pre-test/post-test design. SAMPLE: The sample consisted of AD soldiers assigned to one of three military units (150 soldiers in each). Each group will be randomly assigned one of the following interventions: 1) TC/TSE written pamphlet and shower card; 2) 12-minute peer-taught video featuring TC soldier/survivors and shower card; and 3) 12-minute sports injury prevention lecture (control group - no TC/TSE content). METHODS: A survey, based on Blesch’s (1986) TC/TSE Health Belief Questionnaire (HBQ), will measure TC/TSE knowledge and self-care practices pre- and three months post-intervention. DATA ANALYSIS: Descriptive and inferential statistics will be used. A 3X2 Chi Square analysis with planned comparisons will identify which intervention is the most effective. Repeated measures ANOVA with post hocs will assess differences between pre- and post-test subscales of the TC/TSE HBQ for all three groups. FINDINGS: Final analysis will be completed in late September 2002.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:17:55Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:17:55Z-
dc.conference.date2003en_US
dc.conference.name28th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationDenver, Colorado, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.