Interventions Currently Recommended to Alleviate Symptoms Causing Distress in Women with Breast Cancer May Prove Ineffective Because of Adverse Effects of New Treatment Protocols

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165443
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Interventions Currently Recommended to Alleviate Symptoms Causing Distress in Women with Breast Cancer May Prove Ineffective Because of Adverse Effects of New Treatment Protocols
Author(s):
Boehmke, M.
Author Details:
M. Boehmke, University of Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
Abstract:
The purpose of this pilot study was gain an understanding of current symptoms/symptom clusters women with early breast cancer experienced during adjuvant treatment through interpretation of narrative stories. Purpose: (1) What are the common experiences and shared meanings of early-stage breast cancer women’s symptoms during adjuvant chemotherapy? (2) Do these symptoms experiences contribute to increased levels of symptom distress? (3) How do women interpretation these symptoms? (4) How do they describe the symptom effect on their quality of life? Theoretical/Scientific Framework: The study was guided by Hermeneutic Phenomenological methodology that questions the meaning of life experiences and explores how people interpret their lives and make meaning of what they experience. Methods: A potential list of subjects who meet the inclusion criteria for the initial purposive sample was identified by an area breast surgeon. Women had to meet the following criteria: primary breast cancer diagnosis, treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy and have no other co-morbid condition. Data Analysis: Qualitative inquiry using the aforementioned phenomenological approach was used to collect, code, and analyze the data. This methodology utilizes purposive sampling of individuals who have the appropriate relevant experiences. This approach emphasizes the complexity of this human experience and the need to study this lived-experience holistically. In this study, interviews and/or focus groups will consist of women with primary, early-stage breast cancer undergoing adjunct chemotherapy. Variables to be studied include the symptom distress experience, identification of the most distressful symptom clusters, and self-care management strategies employed. Using this phenomenological method of inquiry, data analysis consisted of: bracketing, intuiting, analyzing, and describing the data. Findings and Implications: Data analyses determined that women experienced severe bone, pelvic and joint pain and moderate numbness and tingling of their extremities after receiving Taxol, a drug recently added to breast cancer treatment protocols. These symptoms affected their functioning and impaired their ability to exercise, a current intervention used to manage fatigue. Changes in taste affected appetite and nausea experienced. Diminished attention span (less than 10 minutes/task) could adversely affect performance of interventions aimed at directing attention to improve cognition that require a timeframe of over one hour.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2004
Conference Name:
29th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Anaheim, California, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInterventions Currently Recommended to Alleviate Symptoms Causing Distress in Women with Breast Cancer May Prove Ineffective Because of Adverse Effects of New Treatment Protocolsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBoehmke, M.en_US
dc.author.detailsM. Boehmke, University of Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165443-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this pilot study was gain an understanding of current symptoms/symptom clusters women with early breast cancer experienced during adjuvant treatment through interpretation of narrative stories. Purpose: (1) What are the common experiences and shared meanings of early-stage breast cancer women’s symptoms during adjuvant chemotherapy? (2) Do these symptoms experiences contribute to increased levels of symptom distress? (3) How do women interpretation these symptoms? (4) How do they describe the symptom effect on their quality of life? Theoretical/Scientific Framework: The study was guided by Hermeneutic Phenomenological methodology that questions the meaning of life experiences and explores how people interpret their lives and make meaning of what they experience. Methods: A potential list of subjects who meet the inclusion criteria for the initial purposive sample was identified by an area breast surgeon. Women had to meet the following criteria: primary breast cancer diagnosis, treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy and have no other co-morbid condition. Data Analysis: Qualitative inquiry using the aforementioned phenomenological approach was used to collect, code, and analyze the data. This methodology utilizes purposive sampling of individuals who have the appropriate relevant experiences. This approach emphasizes the complexity of this human experience and the need to study this lived-experience holistically. In this study, interviews and/or focus groups will consist of women with primary, early-stage breast cancer undergoing adjunct chemotherapy. Variables to be studied include the symptom distress experience, identification of the most distressful symptom clusters, and self-care management strategies employed. Using this phenomenological method of inquiry, data analysis consisted of: bracketing, intuiting, analyzing, and describing the data. Findings and Implications: Data analyses determined that women experienced severe bone, pelvic and joint pain and moderate numbness and tingling of their extremities after receiving Taxol, a drug recently added to breast cancer treatment protocols. These symptoms affected their functioning and impaired their ability to exercise, a current intervention used to manage fatigue. Changes in taste affected appetite and nausea experienced. Diminished attention span (less than 10 minutes/task) could adversely affect performance of interventions aimed at directing attention to improve cognition that require a timeframe of over one hour.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:18:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:18:38Z-
dc.conference.date2004en_US
dc.conference.name29th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationAnaheim, California, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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