Factors Related to the Stage of Mammography Screening Based on Transtheoretical Model in Korean Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165464
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Factors Related to the Stage of Mammography Screening Based on Transtheoretical Model in Korean Women
Author(s):
Hur, K.; Park, S.; Kim, G.
Author Details:
K. Hur, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, DON, Wonju, South Korea; S. Park; G. Kim
Abstract:
Incidence of breast cancer in Korean women has increased to the second highest for cancers in 2002. Survival is closely related to stage at detection and mammography screening is the most effective technique for early detection of breast cancer. While much research has focused on understanding breast self examination behavior in Korea, recent research has been done on mammography screening behavior. Purpose: The purpose of this cross sectional descriptive study was to examine factors related to different stages of mammography screening based on the transtheoretical model (TTM) and health belief model (HBM). Theoretical/Scientific Framework: TTM presumes that all persons are not at the same point of adopting a specified health activity, for example, mammography. Health belief has a focus on behavior related to the prevention of disease. Methods: Participants were 143 women recruited from community centers in W city. Mean age was 44.08 (SD=7.78) and 74 (51.7%) had experienced education on preventive behavior related to breast cancer. The Decisional Balance Scale (Pros and Cons of mammography) and Stages of Adoption of Mammography Scale by Rakowski et al. (1992) and the revised Health Belief Model Scale (Perceived Seriousness, Perceived Susceptibility and Health Motivation) by Champion (1993) were used. Data Analysis: Data were analyzed using frequencies, one-way ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression. Findings and Implications: The results show that according to the stage of adoption of mammography, 17.4% of the women were in pre-contemplation, 45.5% in contemplation, 24.5% in action, and 12.6% in maintenance. The mean differences for pros, decisional balances, and health motivation between the stages of mammography adoption were significant (F=8.84, p=.000; F=7.21, p=.000; F=4.63, p=.081). Education related to prevention of breast cancer, the most important variable, history of breast disease and pros of mammography explained the stages of mammography adoption (R2 = 26%). Findings support TTM as useful for improving mammography adherence, but variables related to health belief were not supported. Behavioral interventions that target decisional balance and health belief can effectively promote adherence to mammography.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2004
Conference Name:
29th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Anaheim, California, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFactors Related to the Stage of Mammography Screening Based on Transtheoretical Model in Korean Womenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHur, K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPark, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, G.en_US
dc.author.detailsK. Hur, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, DON, Wonju, South Korea; S. Park; G. Kimen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165464-
dc.description.abstractIncidence of breast cancer in Korean women has increased to the second highest for cancers in 2002. Survival is closely related to stage at detection and mammography screening is the most effective technique for early detection of breast cancer. While much research has focused on understanding breast self examination behavior in Korea, recent research has been done on mammography screening behavior. Purpose: The purpose of this cross sectional descriptive study was to examine factors related to different stages of mammography screening based on the transtheoretical model (TTM) and health belief model (HBM). Theoretical/Scientific Framework: TTM presumes that all persons are not at the same point of adopting a specified health activity, for example, mammography. Health belief has a focus on behavior related to the prevention of disease. Methods: Participants were 143 women recruited from community centers in W city. Mean age was 44.08 (SD=7.78) and 74 (51.7%) had experienced education on preventive behavior related to breast cancer. The Decisional Balance Scale (Pros and Cons of mammography) and Stages of Adoption of Mammography Scale by Rakowski et al. (1992) and the revised Health Belief Model Scale (Perceived Seriousness, Perceived Susceptibility and Health Motivation) by Champion (1993) were used. Data Analysis: Data were analyzed using frequencies, one-way ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression. Findings and Implications: The results show that according to the stage of adoption of mammography, 17.4% of the women were in pre-contemplation, 45.5% in contemplation, 24.5% in action, and 12.6% in maintenance. The mean differences for pros, decisional balances, and health motivation between the stages of mammography adoption were significant (F=8.84, p=.000; F=7.21, p=.000; F=4.63, p=.081). Education related to prevention of breast cancer, the most important variable, history of breast disease and pros of mammography explained the stages of mammography adoption (R2 = 26%). Findings support TTM as useful for improving mammography adherence, but variables related to health belief were not supported. Behavioral interventions that target decisional balance and health belief can effectively promote adherence to mammography.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:19:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:19:01Z-
dc.conference.date2004en_US
dc.conference.name29th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationAnaheim, California, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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