COMPARING MARITAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MARITAL SATISFACTION IN COUPLES WITH BREAST CANCER

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165493
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
COMPARING MARITAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MARITAL SATISFACTION IN COUPLES WITH BREAST CANCER
Author(s):
Anderson, Kathryn; Christopherson, Cheri; Moll, Dianna; Marcus Lewis, Frances
Author Details:
Kathryn Anderson, PhD, RN, LMFT, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida, USA; Cherie Christopherson, BSN, RN; Dianna Moll BSN, RN; Frances Marcus Lewis PhD, RN
Abstract:
Breast cancer (BrCA) is the most common malignancy among women in the United States. Identifying marital characteristics that influence whether couples move closer or become more distant or avoidant is important to determine. Couple interaction characteristics have not been clearly identified that determine how couples relate with each other during the illness and thus, influence marital satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether identification by couple interaction characteristics predicts marital satisfaction ten months later in the illness course. John Gottman’s (1999; 2003) Sound Marital House Theory has 4 major components: (1) creating positive affect in non-conflict contexts, (2) creating positive sentiment override, (3) regulating conflict, and (4) creating shared symbolic meaning with specific descriptive identifiable behaviors. The study design is a secondary analysis of couple interview data from the Family Home Visitation Study [FHVS] (Lewis, 1992-1996). The sample of 10 couples who both scored below the mean on marital satisfaction measures and 10 couples who both scored above the mean on marital satisfaction measure at T1 were randomly selected. Spanier’s (1976) Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) was used in the original study to measure marital satisfaction. Validity and reliability is well established for this tool. The four constructs of Gottman Sound Marital House Theory were applied in the analysis of the couple interaction. Based on couple characteristics, couple description profiles were created and classified into high or low marital relationship based on the SMHT schema. The couple marital category was then compared to the couple’s scores on marital satisfaction (Spanier, 1976), measured at T4 in the original FHV study. Using the 4 levels of the Sound Marital House, the researchers assigned the couples to two groups, one with more positive couple characteristics and the other with more negativity. Using the characteristic descriptors, each couple was placed into a group hypothesized to represent high or low marital satisfaction. Marital characteristics of each group will be discussed and how the characteristics matched the marital satisfaction scores with implications for care of couples with breast cancer.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2005
Conference Name:
30th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Orlando, Florida, USA
Sponsors:
Funding Sources: Funded by the ONS Foundation through an unrestricted grant from Aventis Pharmaceuticals
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCOMPARING MARITAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MARITAL SATISFACTION IN COUPLES WITH BREAST CANCERen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Kathrynen_US
dc.contributor.authorChristopherson, Cherien_US
dc.contributor.authorMoll, Diannaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarcus Lewis, Francesen_US
dc.author.detailsKathryn Anderson, PhD, RN, LMFT, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida, USA; Cherie Christopherson, BSN, RN; Dianna Moll BSN, RN; Frances Marcus Lewis PhD, RNen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165493-
dc.description.abstractBreast cancer (BrCA) is the most common malignancy among women in the United States. Identifying marital characteristics that influence whether couples move closer or become more distant or avoidant is important to determine. Couple interaction characteristics have not been clearly identified that determine how couples relate with each other during the illness and thus, influence marital satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether identification by couple interaction characteristics predicts marital satisfaction ten months later in the illness course. John Gottman’s (1999; 2003) Sound Marital House Theory has 4 major components: (1) creating positive affect in non-conflict contexts, (2) creating positive sentiment override, (3) regulating conflict, and (4) creating shared symbolic meaning with specific descriptive identifiable behaviors. The study design is a secondary analysis of couple interview data from the Family Home Visitation Study [FHVS] (Lewis, 1992-1996). The sample of 10 couples who both scored below the mean on marital satisfaction measures and 10 couples who both scored above the mean on marital satisfaction measure at T1 were randomly selected. Spanier’s (1976) Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) was used in the original study to measure marital satisfaction. Validity and reliability is well established for this tool. The four constructs of Gottman Sound Marital House Theory were applied in the analysis of the couple interaction. Based on couple characteristics, couple description profiles were created and classified into high or low marital relationship based on the SMHT schema. The couple marital category was then compared to the couple’s scores on marital satisfaction (Spanier, 1976), measured at T4 in the original FHV study. Using the 4 levels of the Sound Marital House, the researchers assigned the couples to two groups, one with more positive couple characteristics and the other with more negativity. Using the characteristic descriptors, each couple was placed into a group hypothesized to represent high or low marital satisfaction. Marital characteristics of each group will be discussed and how the characteristics matched the marital satisfaction scores with implications for care of couples with breast cancer.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:19:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:19:37Z-
dc.conference.date2005en_US
dc.conference.name30th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationOrlando, Florida, USAen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding Sources: Funded by the ONS Foundation through an unrestricted grant from Aventis Pharmaceuticals-
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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