16.00
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165636
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-Transcendence in Breast Cancer Support Groups
Author(s):
Coward, Doris
Author Details:
Doris Coward, PhD, Professor, University of Texas-Austin, School of Nursing, Austin, Texas, USA, email: dcoward@mail.utexas.edu
Abstract:
The traditional goals of cancer support groups are to provide basic information about cancer and treatment, offer emotional support, and teach coping mechanisms. The purpose of this NIH-funded experimental design study is to expand those traditional goals by consciously promoting self-transcendence views and behaviors within a support group for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. It was hypothesized that there would be greater changes on measures of self-transcendence and well-being over an eight month period in 80 women participating in experimental breast cancer support groups compared with 80 women in traditional cancer support groups. The intervention was developed from theory and research connecting multidimensional expansion of self-concept boundaries with maintaining/restoring well being within adverse situations. The 160 participants are recruited sequentially in groups of nine into experimental and control groups. Experimental group participants attend an eight-session breast cancer support group facilitated by an oncology clinical nurse specialist, a mental health consultant, and a breast cancer survivor. Activities promoting expansion of self-concept boundaries are implemented during group sessions. Women are encouraged maintain contact between sessions and after the end of the group. Control group participants are assisted in locating conventional cancer support groups within the local community. Participants complete paper and pencil questionnaires three times (at baseline, after the experimental support group or two to three months later, and six months later). All study instruments (Self-Transcendence Scale, Purpose-in-Life Test, Symptom Distress Scale, Karnofsky Performance Status, Profile of Mood States, Cognitive Well-Being Scale, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale) were used previously with cancer patients and demonstrated acceptable reliability in the first 120 women completing the study. Lymphocyte proliferative status is assessed in a subset of 40 participants. Data are analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, t-test, MANOVA, and ANOVA. Preliminary findings support results of previous correlational and phenomenological studies, and the investigator's pilot support group research. Findings will help oncology nurses recognize the centrality of self-transcendence in the lives of women with breast cancer. Development and implementation within cancer support groups of techniques to facilitate expansion of self-concept boundaries may help survivors more easily find purpose and meaning and healing within the context of cancer.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2002
Conference Name:
27th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Washington, D.C., USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-Transcendence in Breast Cancer Support Groupsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCoward, Dorisen_US
dc.author.detailsDoris Coward, PhD, Professor, University of Texas-Austin, School of Nursing, Austin, Texas, USA, email: dcoward@mail.utexas.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165636-
dc.description.abstractThe traditional goals of cancer support groups are to provide basic information about cancer and treatment, offer emotional support, and teach coping mechanisms. The purpose of this NIH-funded experimental design study is to expand those traditional goals by consciously promoting self-transcendence views and behaviors within a support group for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. It was hypothesized that there would be greater changes on measures of self-transcendence and well-being over an eight month period in 80 women participating in experimental breast cancer support groups compared with 80 women in traditional cancer support groups. The intervention was developed from theory and research connecting multidimensional expansion of self-concept boundaries with maintaining/restoring well being within adverse situations. The 160 participants are recruited sequentially in groups of nine into experimental and control groups. Experimental group participants attend an eight-session breast cancer support group facilitated by an oncology clinical nurse specialist, a mental health consultant, and a breast cancer survivor. Activities promoting expansion of self-concept boundaries are implemented during group sessions. Women are encouraged maintain contact between sessions and after the end of the group. Control group participants are assisted in locating conventional cancer support groups within the local community. Participants complete paper and pencil questionnaires three times (at baseline, after the experimental support group or two to three months later, and six months later). All study instruments (Self-Transcendence Scale, Purpose-in-Life Test, Symptom Distress Scale, Karnofsky Performance Status, Profile of Mood States, Cognitive Well-Being Scale, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale) were used previously with cancer patients and demonstrated acceptable reliability in the first 120 women completing the study. Lymphocyte proliferative status is assessed in a subset of 40 participants. Data are analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, t-test, MANOVA, and ANOVA. Preliminary findings support results of previous correlational and phenomenological studies, and the investigator's pilot support group research. Findings will help oncology nurses recognize the centrality of self-transcendence in the lives of women with breast cancer. Development and implementation within cancer support groups of techniques to facilitate expansion of self-concept boundaries may help survivors more easily find purpose and meaning and healing within the context of cancer.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:22:14Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:22:14Z-
dc.conference.date2002en_US
dc.conference.name27th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationWashington, D.C., USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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