Coping Strategies of Adolescents with Cancer: Differences Based on Gender, Age, and Age at Diagnosis

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165651
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Coping Strategies of Adolescents with Cancer: Differences Based on Gender, Age, and Age at Diagnosis
Author(s):
Haase, Joan
Author Details:
Joan Haase, PhD, Assistant Professor, The University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Abstract:
Adolescents' ways of coping with the cancer experience influence their psychosocial adjustment. However, little is known about differences in coping based on gender, age or age at diagnosis. The purpose of this presentation is to describe coping strategies and effectiveness and differences based on gender, age, and age at diagnosis. The presentation is based on combined data (N=161) from two larger studies of Resilience and Quality of Life in adolescents with cancer. Significance: While it is important to know specific coping strategies used by adolescents, a refinement of preferences based on gender and age would assist nurses to help adolescent with cancer assess which strategies are helpful and help them adjust to the stress of diagnosis and treatment. Framework: This study is based on the Haase Adolescent Resilience Model (ARM). In the ARM, individual protective factors of courageous coping (Optimistic, Supportant and Confrontive), hope and spiritual are hypothesized to positively influence resilience (self-transcendence, self-esteem, and confidence) and quality of life. In addition, defensive coping, (Fatalistic, Emotive, and Evasive) is hypothesized to negatively influence resilience and quality of life. Methods: Data on coping were obtained in two studies using the Jaloweic Coping Scale. The first study was conducted with non-hospitalized adolescents with cancer, cystic fibrosis, and asthma between 11 and 21 years of age. For this presentation, data were analyzed only for adolescents with cancer. The second study was conducted with adolescents with cancer between 11 and 24 years of age. Psychometric properties of the Jaloqeic Coping Scale met established criteria in both studies. Data Analysis: Descriptive statistics were used to describe coping strategies; independent T-test were used to examine differences in coping based on gender and ANOVA was used to describe differences based on age and age at diagnosis. Findings and Implications: The adolescents used optimistic, self-reliant and supportant coping most frequently. Significant differences in coping (p+=.002 to p.035) were found based on gender, age and age at diagnosis. Older adolescents used more self-reliant coping and younger ones used more palliative coping. Perceived effectiveness of specific strategies also differed by age. Findings indicate the need to help adolescents of younger ages to develop a more courageous coping and further explore gender differences in preferences for ways of coping.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2001
Conference Name:
26th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
San Diego, California, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCoping Strategies of Adolescents with Cancer: Differences Based on Gender, Age, and Age at Diagnosisen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHaase, Joanen_US
dc.author.detailsJoan Haase, PhD, Assistant Professor, The University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165651-
dc.description.abstractAdolescents' ways of coping with the cancer experience influence their psychosocial adjustment. However, little is known about differences in coping based on gender, age or age at diagnosis. The purpose of this presentation is to describe coping strategies and effectiveness and differences based on gender, age, and age at diagnosis. The presentation is based on combined data (N=161) from two larger studies of Resilience and Quality of Life in adolescents with cancer. Significance: While it is important to know specific coping strategies used by adolescents, a refinement of preferences based on gender and age would assist nurses to help adolescent with cancer assess which strategies are helpful and help them adjust to the stress of diagnosis and treatment. Framework: This study is based on the Haase Adolescent Resilience Model (ARM). In the ARM, individual protective factors of courageous coping (Optimistic, Supportant and Confrontive), hope and spiritual are hypothesized to positively influence resilience (self-transcendence, self-esteem, and confidence) and quality of life. In addition, defensive coping, (Fatalistic, Emotive, and Evasive) is hypothesized to negatively influence resilience and quality of life. Methods: Data on coping were obtained in two studies using the Jaloweic Coping Scale. The first study was conducted with non-hospitalized adolescents with cancer, cystic fibrosis, and asthma between 11 and 21 years of age. For this presentation, data were analyzed only for adolescents with cancer. The second study was conducted with adolescents with cancer between 11 and 24 years of age. Psychometric properties of the Jaloqeic Coping Scale met established criteria in both studies. Data Analysis: Descriptive statistics were used to describe coping strategies; independent T-test were used to examine differences in coping based on gender and ANOVA was used to describe differences based on age and age at diagnosis. Findings and Implications: The adolescents used optimistic, self-reliant and supportant coping most frequently. Significant differences in coping (p+=.002 to p.035) were found based on gender, age and age at diagnosis. Older adolescents used more self-reliant coping and younger ones used more palliative coping. Perceived effectiveness of specific strategies also differed by age. Findings indicate the need to help adolescents of younger ages to develop a more courageous coping and further explore gender differences in preferences for ways of coping.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:22:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:22:30Z-
dc.conference.date2001en_US
dc.conference.name26th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationSan Diego, California, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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