The Gibson Model Of Inner Resources: Predicting Psychological Well-Being In Middle-Income African American Breast Cancer Survivors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165652
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Gibson Model Of Inner Resources: Predicting Psychological Well-Being In Middle-Income African American Breast Cancer Survivors
Author(s):
Gibson, Lynette
Author Details:
Lynette Gibson, PhD, Professor, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA, email: lynettg@clemson.edu
Abstract:
Significance. Although African American (AA) women are exposed to major life stressors such as breast cancer, many continue to have high levels of psychological well-being. There are no published studies on the psychological effects of applying inner resources such as sense of coherence (SOC), hope, and spiritual perspective by AA breast cancer survivors. Problem and Purpose. The purpose of this doctoral research study was to explore which variables in the Model of Inner Resources (sense of coherence, hope, and spiritual perspective) were significant predictors of psychological well-being in African American breast cancer survivors. Theoretical Framework. The theoretical framework for this study was the Model of Inner Resources, a model that was derived from the literature, a 1998 pilot study, and from clinical experience. The model posits that SOC, hope, and spiritual perspective each predict psychological well-being in AA women who have stressors associated with surviving breast cancer. Methods. A descriptive study was undertaken using a convenience sample of one hundred and sixty-two (power of .90) AA female adult breast cancer survivors who had a confirmed diagnosis of breast cancer for 3 months or more and no other previous diagnosis of cancer. These women completed the Sense of Coherence Scale, Herth Hope Index, Spiritual Perspective Scale, Psychological Well-Being Subscale/Quality of Life Scale - Breast Cancer, and Demographic Questionnaire. Settings included outpatient oncology facilities and AA cancer organizations, women's church groups, sororities, community and civic organizations. Data Analysis. Data analysis included correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. Findings. The AA breast cancer survivors ranged in age from 31 to 85 years with a mean age of 56.5 (SD = 12.8), a mean income range of $30,000 to 34,999, and a mean educational level of 13 years. The majority belonged to the Baptist denomination and had survived breast cancer an average of 25 months to 5 years. SOC (R² = .375, F= .000) and hope (R² = .053, F= .000) were significant predictors of psychological well-being and explained a total of 42.9 percent of the variance in psychological well-being. Spiritual perspective was not a significant predictor (F= .713). However, path analysis resulted in an indirect path from spiritual perspective to psychological well-being through hope. Implications. Findings suggest that oncology nurses find ways to reinforce SOC and hope in AA breast cancer survivors. Qualitative study to identify aspects of spirituality that are specific to AA women is needed.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2001
Conference Name:
26th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
San Diego, California, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Gibson Model Of Inner Resources: Predicting Psychological Well-Being In Middle-Income African American Breast Cancer Survivorsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGibson, Lynetteen_US
dc.author.detailsLynette Gibson, PhD, Professor, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA, email: lynettg@clemson.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165652-
dc.description.abstractSignificance. Although African American (AA) women are exposed to major life stressors such as breast cancer, many continue to have high levels of psychological well-being. There are no published studies on the psychological effects of applying inner resources such as sense of coherence (SOC), hope, and spiritual perspective by AA breast cancer survivors. Problem and Purpose. The purpose of this doctoral research study was to explore which variables in the Model of Inner Resources (sense of coherence, hope, and spiritual perspective) were significant predictors of psychological well-being in African American breast cancer survivors. Theoretical Framework. The theoretical framework for this study was the Model of Inner Resources, a model that was derived from the literature, a 1998 pilot study, and from clinical experience. The model posits that SOC, hope, and spiritual perspective each predict psychological well-being in AA women who have stressors associated with surviving breast cancer. Methods. A descriptive study was undertaken using a convenience sample of one hundred and sixty-two (power of .90) AA female adult breast cancer survivors who had a confirmed diagnosis of breast cancer for 3 months or more and no other previous diagnosis of cancer. These women completed the Sense of Coherence Scale, Herth Hope Index, Spiritual Perspective Scale, Psychological Well-Being Subscale/Quality of Life Scale - Breast Cancer, and Demographic Questionnaire. Settings included outpatient oncology facilities and AA cancer organizations, women's church groups, sororities, community and civic organizations. Data Analysis. Data analysis included correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. Findings. The AA breast cancer survivors ranged in age from 31 to 85 years with a mean age of 56.5 (SD = 12.8), a mean income range of $30,000 to 34,999, and a mean educational level of 13 years. The majority belonged to the Baptist denomination and had survived breast cancer an average of 25 months to 5 years. SOC (R² = .375, F= .000) and hope (R² = .053, F= .000) were significant predictors of psychological well-being and explained a total of 42.9 percent of the variance in psychological well-being. Spiritual perspective was not a significant predictor (F= .713). However, path analysis resulted in an indirect path from spiritual perspective to psychological well-being through hope. Implications. Findings suggest that oncology nurses find ways to reinforce SOC and hope in AA breast cancer survivors. Qualitative study to identify aspects of spirituality that are specific to AA women is needed.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:22:31Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:22:31Z-
dc.conference.date2001en_US
dc.conference.name26th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationSan Diego, California, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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