Physical and Psychological Health Outcomes in Patients With Cancer Participating in a Structured Exercise Program

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165714
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Physical and Psychological Health Outcomes in Patients With Cancer Participating in a Structured Exercise Program
Author(s):
Young-McCaughan, Stacey
Author Details:
Stacey Young-McCaughan, U.S. Army Medical Research & Material Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland, USA
Abstract:
Problem & Purpose: Recent research studies that have investigated exercise rehabilitation in patients with cancer have documented dramatic improvements in physiological and psychological functioning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the capability of an exercise program patterned after a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program to improve selected physiological and psychological parameters of health in patients with cancer. Theoretical Framework: The Roy Adaptation Model was the framework used for this study. Methods: This prospective, repeated measures study enrolled 62 patients diagnosed with cancer within the previous two years into a structured exercise program patterned after a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. Subjects met two days each week for 12 weeks for exercise and education. The dependent study variables were changed over time in exercise tolerance as measured with a graded exercise test, activity and rest patterns as measured with a wrist actigraph, and quality of life as measured with the CARES-SF. Data Analysis: Descriptive statistics and repeated-measures analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. Findings: Half of the participants were male and half female. Subjects were predominantly Caucasian, married, and well-educated, with almost three-quarters of the sample having college preparation. Ages of participants ranged from 24-83 (mean = 59). Participants had a wide range of cancer diagnoses. Most subjects had early stage I or II disease. Seventeen subjects were undergoing treatment when they were enrolled into the study. More than half of the subjects exercised prior to their cancer diagnosis, however, fewer than half of these patients were able to resume an exercise routine following their cancer diagnosis. Forty-six subjects were able to complete the 12-week exercise protocol. Significant improvements were observed over time in exercise tolerance and quality of life (p < .05). Completed analyses will include an examination of sleep indices. Implications: These findings indicate that patients with various types and stages of cancer can safely exercise using a cardiac rehabilitation model and that significant improvements in exercise tolerance and quality of life can be realized in this patient population.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2002
Conference Name:
27th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congress
Conference Host:
Oncology Nursing Society
Conference Location:
Washington, D.C., USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePhysical and Psychological Health Outcomes in Patients With Cancer Participating in a Structured Exercise Programen_GB
dc.contributor.authorYoung-McCaughan, Staceyen_US
dc.author.detailsStacey Young-McCaughan, U.S. Army Medical Research & Material Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland, USAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165714-
dc.description.abstractProblem &amp; Purpose: Recent research studies that have investigated exercise rehabilitation in patients with cancer have documented dramatic improvements in physiological and psychological functioning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the capability of an exercise program patterned after a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program to improve selected physiological and psychological parameters of health in patients with cancer. Theoretical Framework: The Roy Adaptation Model was the framework used for this study. Methods: This prospective, repeated measures study enrolled 62 patients diagnosed with cancer within the previous two years into a structured exercise program patterned after a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. Subjects met two days each week for 12 weeks for exercise and education. The dependent study variables were changed over time in exercise tolerance as measured with a graded exercise test, activity and rest patterns as measured with a wrist actigraph, and quality of life as measured with the CARES-SF. Data Analysis: Descriptive statistics and repeated-measures analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. Findings: Half of the participants were male and half female. Subjects were predominantly Caucasian, married, and well-educated, with almost three-quarters of the sample having college preparation. Ages of participants ranged from 24-83 (mean = 59). Participants had a wide range of cancer diagnoses. Most subjects had early stage I or II disease. Seventeen subjects were undergoing treatment when they were enrolled into the study. More than half of the subjects exercised prior to their cancer diagnosis, however, fewer than half of these patients were able to resume an exercise routine following their cancer diagnosis. Forty-six subjects were able to complete the 12-week exercise protocol. Significant improvements were observed over time in exercise tolerance and quality of life (p &lt; .05). Completed analyses will include an examination of sleep indices. Implications: These findings indicate that patients with various types and stages of cancer can safely exercise using a cardiac rehabilitation model and that significant improvements in exercise tolerance and quality of life can be realized in this patient population.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T12:23:36Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T12:23:36Z-
dc.conference.date2002en_US
dc.conference.name27th Annual Oncology Nursing Society Congressen_US
dc.conference.hostOncology Nursing Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationWashington, D.C., USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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