2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165820
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Measuring family functioning in various cultures
Author(s):
Friedemann, Marie-Luise
Author Details:
Marie-Luise Friedemann, PhD, Florida International University School of Nursing, North Miami, Florida, USA, email: friedemm@fiu.edu
Abstract:
Nurses working in communities world-wide need to assess families and their functioning. Families are the proponents of health promotion and disease prevention and take care of dependent children and ailing members. Therefore, the functioning of families is crucial in determining the health of individuals. The Assessment of Strategies in Families-Effectiveness (ASF-E) is based on Friedemann's Framework of Systemic Organization. The instrument measures an individual's perception of the effectiveness of his/her family in four dimensions: Family stability, growth, control and connectedness/ spirituality. The ASF-E has 20 items each consisting of three response options expressing outcomes of family strategies. The options are rated from 1 to 3 depending on the effectiveness of the strategy. Individuals pick the statement that best describes their family. This paper briefly summarizes the work since 1989 of testing the ASF-E in the USA with various cultural groups for content, construct and concurrent validity and reliability and abroad. The translation into three languages and back-translation of the ASF-E was done by teams of experts in Mexico, Finland and Switzerland who discussed not only the exact representation of the item meaning but also the cultural applicability of the strategies represented by the items and the congruence of the items with the theoretical framework. Initially, 25 items were translated and adapted. The samples in the three foreign countries consisted of 200 to 250 individuals all representing different families. The S. Florida sample included 277 Hispanics and 374 English-speaking subjects (52% foreign born). In Switzerland the subjects were recruited in the community, in Finland in a hospital, in Mexico in barrios for the poor, in Miami in the community and public housing. All versions of the ASF-E were analyzed with exploratory factor analysis assuming that certain items would have to be excluded and that respondents' opinions about what strategies pertained to the dimensions to be measured (stability, growth, control and spirituality) may differ. The outcome was three culture-congruent instruments reduced to 20 items with acceptable reliability and validity and an 18-item English ASF-E valid for local families. In addition, the researchers gained important cultural insight for further instrument development in each country. For example, in Finland, conflict resolution was the most important factor promoting family stability while it was considered a growth promoting strategy in the U.S. In Mexico and Hispanic Miami, connectedness meant working together to support the family, and friends were used to help strengthen family ties. Individual endeavors and involvement outside the family represented a greater priority in Finland and Switzerland and friends were used for support and intellectual exchange.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMeasuring family functioning in various culturesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFriedemann, Marie-Luiseen_US
dc.author.detailsMarie-Luise Friedemann, PhD, Florida International University School of Nursing, North Miami, Florida, USA, email: friedemm@fiu.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165820-
dc.description.abstractNurses working in communities world-wide need to assess families and their functioning. Families are the proponents of health promotion and disease prevention and take care of dependent children and ailing members. Therefore, the functioning of families is crucial in determining the health of individuals. The Assessment of Strategies in Families-Effectiveness (ASF-E) is based on Friedemann's Framework of Systemic Organization. The instrument measures an individual's perception of the effectiveness of his/her family in four dimensions: Family stability, growth, control and connectedness/ spirituality. The ASF-E has 20 items each consisting of three response options expressing outcomes of family strategies. The options are rated from 1 to 3 depending on the effectiveness of the strategy. Individuals pick the statement that best describes their family. This paper briefly summarizes the work since 1989 of testing the ASF-E in the USA with various cultural groups for content, construct and concurrent validity and reliability and abroad. The translation into three languages and back-translation of the ASF-E was done by teams of experts in Mexico, Finland and Switzerland who discussed not only the exact representation of the item meaning but also the cultural applicability of the strategies represented by the items and the congruence of the items with the theoretical framework. Initially, 25 items were translated and adapted. The samples in the three foreign countries consisted of 200 to 250 individuals all representing different families. The S. Florida sample included 277 Hispanics and 374 English-speaking subjects (52% foreign born). In Switzerland the subjects were recruited in the community, in Finland in a hospital, in Mexico in barrios for the poor, in Miami in the community and public housing. All versions of the ASF-E were analyzed with exploratory factor analysis assuming that certain items would have to be excluded and that respondents' opinions about what strategies pertained to the dimensions to be measured (stability, growth, control and spirituality) may differ. The outcome was three culture-congruent instruments reduced to 20 items with acceptable reliability and validity and an 18-item English ASF-E valid for local families. In addition, the researchers gained important cultural insight for further instrument development in each country. For example, in Finland, conflict resolution was the most important factor promoting family stability while it was considered a growth promoting strategy in the U.S. In Mexico and Hispanic Miami, connectedness meant working together to support the family, and friends were used to help strengthen family ties. Individual endeavors and involvement outside the family represented a greater priority in Finland and Switzerland and friends were used for support and intellectual exchange.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:34:23Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:34:23Z-
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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