2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165853
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Impact of Parental Divorce on College Students
Author(s):
Butler, Karen
Author Details:
Karen Butler, University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, email: kmbutl00@pop.uky.edu
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this literature review was to assess what is known about the health related effects of parental divorce on college students and to determine research needs for the future. Divorce is generally considered to be a significant life event having stressful consequences on both the divorcing couple and their children. While there is a substantial body of literature concerning the influence of parental divorce on young children, less is currently known regarding the impact of this life event on college students. There is evidence in the literature that parental divorce may produce adverse effects for adolescents that are experienced intensely, including threats to their social, psychological, physical and spiritual health, although the evidence is inconsistent as to what these effects are. Sixty percent of college-aged people have parents who are divorced; therefore, it is important to understand the impact on this population. Methods: A computerized literature search was conducted using CINAHL, MedLine, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases. Criteria for inclusion were that the paper was research based, written in the last 10 years, and addressed the effects of parental divorce on the target population, i.e. college students. Papers were reviewed and categorized by major content area. Findings: There were 154 research papers found that met the study criteria. General categories found were psychological adjustment and coping (N=49); intimacy, interpersonal relationships and sexuality (n=43); family structure (n=21); self-esteem and self worth (n=13); conflict (n=12); academics (n=9); career (n=4); and alcohol and drug abuse (n=3). One article was found in the nursing literature. Most articles were published in psychology or marriage and family journals. Adverse effects identified included increased overall stress level and psychological symptoms; decreased ability to trust others; poorer adjustment to college; problems with intimacy, courtship and sexuality; increased loneliness; lower life satisfaction and self esteem; lower grades; increased incidence of negative consequences of drinking alcohol; and others. Conclusions: The impact of parental divorce on the health and well being of college students is a neglected area in nursing research. Recommendations for future research include studies to identify what variables associated with parental divorce may have a negative impact on health. Also important are studies examining college student adjustment in relation to age and developmental level at the time of divorce, as well as number of years since divorce. Other aspects of family life, such as patterns of family interaction, the presence of conflict, and the influence of remarriage, need to be examined.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Impact of Parental Divorce on College Studentsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorButler, Karenen_US
dc.author.detailsKaren Butler, University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, email: kmbutl00@pop.uky.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165853-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this literature review was to assess what is known about the health related effects of parental divorce on college students and to determine research needs for the future. Divorce is generally considered to be a significant life event having stressful consequences on both the divorcing couple and their children. While there is a substantial body of literature concerning the influence of parental divorce on young children, less is currently known regarding the impact of this life event on college students. There is evidence in the literature that parental divorce may produce adverse effects for adolescents that are experienced intensely, including threats to their social, psychological, physical and spiritual health, although the evidence is inconsistent as to what these effects are. Sixty percent of college-aged people have parents who are divorced; therefore, it is important to understand the impact on this population. Methods: A computerized literature search was conducted using CINAHL, MedLine, ERIC, and PsycINFO databases. Criteria for inclusion were that the paper was research based, written in the last 10 years, and addressed the effects of parental divorce on the target population, i.e. college students. Papers were reviewed and categorized by major content area. Findings: There were 154 research papers found that met the study criteria. General categories found were psychological adjustment and coping (N=49); intimacy, interpersonal relationships and sexuality (n=43); family structure (n=21); self-esteem and self worth (n=13); conflict (n=12); academics (n=9); career (n=4); and alcohol and drug abuse (n=3). One article was found in the nursing literature. Most articles were published in psychology or marriage and family journals. Adverse effects identified included increased overall stress level and psychological symptoms; decreased ability to trust others; poorer adjustment to college; problems with intimacy, courtship and sexuality; increased loneliness; lower life satisfaction and self esteem; lower grades; increased incidence of negative consequences of drinking alcohol; and others. Conclusions: The impact of parental divorce on the health and well being of college students is a neglected area in nursing research. Recommendations for future research include studies to identify what variables associated with parental divorce may have a negative impact on health. Also important are studies examining college student adjustment in relation to age and developmental level at the time of divorce, as well as number of years since divorce. Other aspects of family life, such as patterns of family interaction, the presence of conflict, and the influence of remarriage, need to be examined.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:35:05Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:35:05Z-
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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