2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165883
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence And Correlates Of Depressive Symptoms In College Women
Author(s):
Peden, Ann
Author Details:
Ann Peden, DSN, Associate Professor, University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, email: arpede01@pop.uky.edu
Abstract:
Depression is the most common mental illness experienced by women. It is estimated that one out of every three women between 18 and 24 years of age may be significantly depressed (McGrath et al., 1990). The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence of high depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, and negative thinking in a non-clinical sample of college women 18 to 24 years of age. This paper reports the first phase of a clinical trial on the effects of a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to reduce depressive symptoms and negative thoughts and to increase self-esteem. A sample of 246 full-time college women between the ages of 18 and 24 were recruited from the student population at the University of Kentucky. Inclusion criteria were: 1) no prior treatment for psychiatric illness and no previous psychiatric care; 2) not now or ever on antidepressants; 3) never diagnosed with clinical depression; 4) not suicidal; 5) single or never married; and 6) no dependent children. Data on negative thoughts, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem were collected. Measures included the Center for Epidemiologic Studies--Depression Scale (CES-D), the Beck Depression Inventory, two measures of negative thoughts, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire and the Crandell Cognitions Inventory, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. The Parental Bonding Inventory was used to assess the women's relationships with their parents, and the Autonomy and Relatedness Inventory was used to assess the quality of their primary intimate relationships. Of the women, 28% had high depressive symptoms (CES-D ( 16). Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory and the CES-D were strongly correlated (r = .80, p = .0001). Both measures of negative thinking were strongly associated with the two depressive symptom scales with correlations ranging from .56 (p = .0001) to .85 (p = .0001). The higher the self-esteem, the fewer the depressive symptoms (CES-D r = -.74, p = .0001; Beck r = -.73, p = .0001). Boyfriends were named as the primary intimate by 34% of the women while 25% listed their mother and 17% indicated a friend. The quality of this relationship was inversely correlated with the Beck (r = -.41, p=.000l) and the CES-D (r = -.37, p =.000l). Parental bonding with mothers, but not fathers, was significantly associated with depressive symptoms such that the poorer the bonding with the mother, the higher the depressive symptoms (Beck r = -.52, p = .0001; CES-D r = -.46, p = .0001). These findings suggest that negative thinking may play a major role in the development of depressive symptoms and that the quality of key intimate relationships also may influence the mental health of college women. Strategies designed to reduce negative thinking and improve the quality of close relationships may have a beneficial effect on the mental health of college women.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence And Correlates Of Depressive Symptoms In College Womenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPeden, Annen_US
dc.author.detailsAnn Peden, DSN, Associate Professor, University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, email: arpede01@pop.uky.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165883-
dc.description.abstractDepression is the most common mental illness experienced by women. It is estimated that one out of every three women between 18 and 24 years of age may be significantly depressed (McGrath et al., 1990). The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence of high depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, and negative thinking in a non-clinical sample of college women 18 to 24 years of age. This paper reports the first phase of a clinical trial on the effects of a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to reduce depressive symptoms and negative thoughts and to increase self-esteem. A sample of 246 full-time college women between the ages of 18 and 24 were recruited from the student population at the University of Kentucky. Inclusion criteria were: 1) no prior treatment for psychiatric illness and no previous psychiatric care; 2) not now or ever on antidepressants; 3) never diagnosed with clinical depression; 4) not suicidal; 5) single or never married; and 6) no dependent children. Data on negative thoughts, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem were collected. Measures included the Center for Epidemiologic Studies--Depression Scale (CES-D), the Beck Depression Inventory, two measures of negative thoughts, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire and the Crandell Cognitions Inventory, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. The Parental Bonding Inventory was used to assess the women's relationships with their parents, and the Autonomy and Relatedness Inventory was used to assess the quality of their primary intimate relationships. Of the women, 28% had high depressive symptoms (CES-D ( 16). Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory and the CES-D were strongly correlated (r = .80, p = .0001). Both measures of negative thinking were strongly associated with the two depressive symptom scales with correlations ranging from .56 (p = .0001) to .85 (p = .0001). The higher the self-esteem, the fewer the depressive symptoms (CES-D r = -.74, p = .0001; Beck r = -.73, p = .0001). Boyfriends were named as the primary intimate by 34% of the women while 25% listed their mother and 17% indicated a friend. The quality of this relationship was inversely correlated with the Beck (r = -.41, p=.000l) and the CES-D (r = -.37, p =.000l). Parental bonding with mothers, but not fathers, was significantly associated with depressive symptoms such that the poorer the bonding with the mother, the higher the depressive symptoms (Beck r = -.52, p = .0001; CES-D r = -.46, p = .0001). These findings suggest that negative thinking may play a major role in the development of depressive symptoms and that the quality of key intimate relationships also may influence the mental health of college women. Strategies designed to reduce negative thinking and improve the quality of close relationships may have a beneficial effect on the mental health of college women.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:35:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:35:43Z-
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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