Mexican American Women's Fear Or Experience Of Abuse: A Barrier To Condom Negotiation

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165928
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Mexican American Women's Fear Or Experience Of Abuse: A Barrier To Condom Negotiation
Author(s):
Davila, Yolanda
Author Details:
Yolanda Davila, PhD, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Schoolof Nursing, San Antonio, Texas, USA, email: davilay@uthscsa.edu
Abstract:
Background and Significance. Mexican American (MA) women have a high proportion of AIDS cases acquired through heterosexual contact. MA women's exposure to AIDS is not due to a lack of knowledge of AIDS on routes and prevention strategies. Rather, MA women's safety from AIDS exposure is often dependent upon their successful condom negotiation with a potentially unwilling male sexual partner (MSP). Condom negotiation among MA women can be a conflict-laden behavior that can raise issues of trust and infidelity. MA women, who initiate condom negotiation, may expose themselves to the fear or experience of abuse by their MSP. Purpose. To date, no study has directly examined the relationship between the fear or experience of abuse and MA women's condom negotiation as an AIDS sexual risk reduction behavior (ASRRB). Therefore, the first purpose of this study is to seek knowledge on the fear or experience of abuse MA women encounter when they request their MSP use condoms for AIDS prevention. The second purpose of this study is to examine how the fear or experience of abuse influences MA women's condom negotiation as an ASRRB. Research Questions. The research questions are: (1) What is the relationship between fear or the experience of abuse by MSP and MA women's condom negotiation for AIDS prevention? (2) What factors influence fear or the experience of abuse among MA women who negotiate condom use as an ASRRB with their MSP? (3) How does the fear or the experience of abuse influence MA women's condom negotiation as an ASRRB? Theoretical Framework. This study is based upon the tested theoretical framework of sexual disempowerment on condom use specifically developed for Latina women by Marin and Gomez. Within this model, the predictors of condom use by Latina women are disempowerment, history of abuse, social norms, sexual comfort, fear of coercion, and self-efficacy to negotiate condom use as an ASRRB. Methods. This study will be conducted through an exploratory design which will allow examination of relationships and facilitate identification of interrelationships between the fear or experience of abuse and MA women's condom negotiation as an ASRRB. A convenience group of non-abused MA women (n=20) will be recruited from a battered women's shelter. A comparison group of non-abused MA women (n=20) will be recruited from a university affiliated outpatient health care clinic. Instruments to be used are a demographic form and an author-developed, semi-structured interview guide. Interview data will be audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and submitted to content analysis. Data Analysis. Descriptive statistics will be used to separately describe the abused and non-abused groups. A two-sample t-test will be used to compare the means of the two groups (a=.05). A Mann-Whitney test will be used to compare the medians between the groups (a=.05). The groups are expected to be similar except for the experience of abuse. Content analysis will be performed through the use of the software program, QSR NUD*IST, which has been specifically developed for qualitative analysis. Initially, data will be coded for themes and then compared, clustered, and organized into mutually exclusive categories.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMexican American Women's Fear Or Experience Of Abuse: A Barrier To Condom Negotiationen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDavila, Yolandaen_US
dc.author.detailsYolanda Davila, PhD, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Schoolof Nursing, San Antonio, Texas, USA, email: davilay@uthscsa.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165928-
dc.description.abstractBackground and Significance. Mexican American (MA) women have a high proportion of AIDS cases acquired through heterosexual contact. MA women's exposure to AIDS is not due to a lack of knowledge of AIDS on routes and prevention strategies. Rather, MA women's safety from AIDS exposure is often dependent upon their successful condom negotiation with a potentially unwilling male sexual partner (MSP). Condom negotiation among MA women can be a conflict-laden behavior that can raise issues of trust and infidelity. MA women, who initiate condom negotiation, may expose themselves to the fear or experience of abuse by their MSP. Purpose. To date, no study has directly examined the relationship between the fear or experience of abuse and MA women's condom negotiation as an AIDS sexual risk reduction behavior (ASRRB). Therefore, the first purpose of this study is to seek knowledge on the fear or experience of abuse MA women encounter when they request their MSP use condoms for AIDS prevention. The second purpose of this study is to examine how the fear or experience of abuse influences MA women's condom negotiation as an ASRRB. Research Questions. The research questions are: (1) What is the relationship between fear or the experience of abuse by MSP and MA women's condom negotiation for AIDS prevention? (2) What factors influence fear or the experience of abuse among MA women who negotiate condom use as an ASRRB with their MSP? (3) How does the fear or the experience of abuse influence MA women's condom negotiation as an ASRRB? Theoretical Framework. This study is based upon the tested theoretical framework of sexual disempowerment on condom use specifically developed for Latina women by Marin and Gomez. Within this model, the predictors of condom use by Latina women are disempowerment, history of abuse, social norms, sexual comfort, fear of coercion, and self-efficacy to negotiate condom use as an ASRRB. Methods. This study will be conducted through an exploratory design which will allow examination of relationships and facilitate identification of interrelationships between the fear or experience of abuse and MA women's condom negotiation as an ASRRB. A convenience group of non-abused MA women (n=20) will be recruited from a battered women's shelter. A comparison group of non-abused MA women (n=20) will be recruited from a university affiliated outpatient health care clinic. Instruments to be used are a demographic form and an author-developed, semi-structured interview guide. Interview data will be audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and submitted to content analysis. Data Analysis. Descriptive statistics will be used to separately describe the abused and non-abused groups. A two-sample t-test will be used to compare the means of the two groups (a=.05). A Mann-Whitney test will be used to compare the medians between the groups (a=.05). The groups are expected to be similar except for the experience of abuse. Content analysis will be performed through the use of the software program, QSR NUD*IST, which has been specifically developed for qualitative analysis. Initially, data will be coded for themes and then compared, clustered, and organized into mutually exclusive categories.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:36:40Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:36:40Z-
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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