Synchronous support, congruent coping, or a good marriage: Which is more important to the wife’s perception of her husband’s helpfulness in dealing with her rheumatoid arthritis pain?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/165983
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Synchronous support, congruent coping, or a good marriage: Which is more important to the wife’s perception of her husband’s helpfulness in dealing with her rheumatoid arthritis pain?
Author(s):
Dowdy, Sharon
Author Details:
Sharon Dowdy, Belmont University School of Nursing, Nashville, Tennessee, USA, email: dowdys@belmont.edu
Abstract:
Background: Living with a chronic illness, such as RA, requires many adaptations on the part of the individual. The stress of an illness affects not only the individual, but also the entire family. The effects of stressors on individual health outcomes have been extensively explored. However, the effects of spousal interactions on the chronically ill individual's health have not been fully explored. Purpose: This study explores three processes that may add to the understanding of when the behaviors of a husband are perceived to be helpful by his wife when dealing with the pain of RA. Is it when the support provided by the husband is that which the wife desired and received - as with synchronous support? Is it when the husband's and wife's coping strategies to deal with the wife's RA pain are similar - as with congruent coping? Or is it when there is a general sense that someone loves and supports you within the context of a marital relationship - as with a good marriage? After exploring these three process, their effect on the spouse's helpfulness and subsequent reduction of the wife's RA pain are examined. Methods: A convenience sample of eighty, predominantly Caucasian (94%) couples, in which the wife had experienced the recent pain of RA were recruited from outpatient clinics and rheumatologists' practices in a major metropolitan area in the South. Separate questionnaires were filled out independently by each husband and wife pair. Scores were determined for each husband-wife pair for the three main constructs: synchronous support, congruent coping, and a good marriage. Correlational and multiple regression analyses were then conducted to determine the effects of these variables on the wife's perception of the husband's helpfulness and her RA pain. Results: Although support synchrony between the husband and wife did not reduce pain, it was shown to have a positive relationship to the wife's perception of her husband's helpfulness. Being in a good marriage was even more important to the wife's rating of her husband's helpfulness. No relationship was found between congruent coping and the wife's rating of husband helpfulness. Implications: A woman's quality of life and her ability to deal with a chronic illness may be affected by her perception of her husband's helpfulness, even when her pain is not abated. When chronic illness is studied, the important relationships of the chronically ill person should be examined, including aspects of interactional support and coping, in predicting health and quality of life outcomes.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSynchronous support, congruent coping, or a good marriage: Which is more important to the wife’s perception of her husband’s helpfulness in dealing with her rheumatoid arthritis pain?en_GB
dc.contributor.authorDowdy, Sharonen_US
dc.author.detailsSharon Dowdy, Belmont University School of Nursing, Nashville, Tennessee, USA, email: dowdys@belmont.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/165983-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Living with a chronic illness, such as RA, requires many adaptations on the part of the individual. The stress of an illness affects not only the individual, but also the entire family. The effects of stressors on individual health outcomes have been extensively explored. However, the effects of spousal interactions on the chronically ill individual's health have not been fully explored. Purpose: This study explores three processes that may add to the understanding of when the behaviors of a husband are perceived to be helpful by his wife when dealing with the pain of RA. Is it when the support provided by the husband is that which the wife desired and received - as with synchronous support? Is it when the husband's and wife's coping strategies to deal with the wife's RA pain are similar - as with congruent coping? Or is it when there is a general sense that someone loves and supports you within the context of a marital relationship - as with a good marriage? After exploring these three process, their effect on the spouse's helpfulness and subsequent reduction of the wife's RA pain are examined. Methods: A convenience sample of eighty, predominantly Caucasian (94%) couples, in which the wife had experienced the recent pain of RA were recruited from outpatient clinics and rheumatologists' practices in a major metropolitan area in the South. Separate questionnaires were filled out independently by each husband and wife pair. Scores were determined for each husband-wife pair for the three main constructs: synchronous support, congruent coping, and a good marriage. Correlational and multiple regression analyses were then conducted to determine the effects of these variables on the wife's perception of the husband's helpfulness and her RA pain. Results: Although support synchrony between the husband and wife did not reduce pain, it was shown to have a positive relationship to the wife's perception of her husband's helpfulness. Being in a good marriage was even more important to the wife's rating of her husband's helpfulness. No relationship was found between congruent coping and the wife's rating of husband helpfulness. Implications: A woman's quality of life and her ability to deal with a chronic illness may be affected by her perception of her husband's helpfulness, even when her pain is not abated. When chronic illness is studied, the important relationships of the chronically ill person should be examined, including aspects of interactional support and coping, in predicting health and quality of life outcomes.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:37:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:37:49Z-
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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