Revision and Testing of an Instrument to Measure Reciprocity in the DyadicCaregiving Relationship

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/166001
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Revision and Testing of an Instrument to Measure Reciprocity in the DyadicCaregiving Relationship
Author(s):
Sauter, Maranah
Author Details:
Maranah Sauter, MSN/MN/MNSc/MNE, LaGrange College, Division of Nursing, LaGrange, Georgia, USA, email: msauter@lagrange.edu
Abstract:
Reciprocity within the dyadic caregiving relationship represents a pattern of exchange between caregiver and elder care receiver. This pattern of exchange involves give and take which largely determines relationship quality and satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to revise and pilot test an instrument to measure reciprocity in the dyadic caregiving relationship. The Caregiver Reciprocity Scale was originally developed by Carruth (1993) to measure caregiver reciprocity in adult children caring for elderly parents. Conceptually based within a framework of social exchange theory and equity theory, The Caregiver Reciprocity Scale consists of a 22 item Likert scale measuring the adult child caregiver's perception of reciprocity in the caregiving relationship. Because reciprocity involves exchange between caregiver and care receiver, the need for an instrument to measure reciprocity from the perceptions of both dyad members was recognized. Revision of the Caregiver Reciprocity Scale followed the theoretical distinction between dimensions of reciprocity established through factor analysis during the process of instrument development. Dimensions included (a) warmth and regard, (b) intrinsic rewards of giving, (c) love and affection, and (d) balance within family caregiving. Items were revised to reflect perceptions of reciprocity from either member of the caregiving dyad. Items judged to be restricted to the present and therefore non-applicable to dependent elderly care receivers were revised to permit reflection and incorporation of past experiences or perceptions. Refinement of items and content validity were established by a panel of experts in caregiving research, gerontology, and instrumentation. The revised instrument was pilot tested with 40 members of caregiving dyads. In the pilot study, the revised instrument was utilized as an interview schedule with dependent elderly care receivers and their family caregivers to assess quality of the caregiving relationship. Internal consistency reliability estimates (Cronbach1s alpha) for each dimension of the instrument were acceptable with an overall reliability of .82. The revised instrument is being tested currently in a larger study of determinants of quality of the care relationship with a sample 100 caregiving dyads.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
Feb 29 - Mar 2, 1996
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRevision and Testing of an Instrument to Measure Reciprocity in the DyadicCaregiving Relationshipen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSauter, Maranahen_US
dc.author.detailsMaranah Sauter, MSN/MN/MNSc/MNE, LaGrange College, Division of Nursing, LaGrange, Georgia, USA, email: msauter@lagrange.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/166001-
dc.description.abstractReciprocity within the dyadic caregiving relationship represents a pattern of exchange between caregiver and elder care receiver. This pattern of exchange involves give and take which largely determines relationship quality and satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to revise and pilot test an instrument to measure reciprocity in the dyadic caregiving relationship. The Caregiver Reciprocity Scale was originally developed by Carruth (1993) to measure caregiver reciprocity in adult children caring for elderly parents. Conceptually based within a framework of social exchange theory and equity theory, The Caregiver Reciprocity Scale consists of a 22 item Likert scale measuring the adult child caregiver's perception of reciprocity in the caregiving relationship. Because reciprocity involves exchange between caregiver and care receiver, the need for an instrument to measure reciprocity from the perceptions of both dyad members was recognized. Revision of the Caregiver Reciprocity Scale followed the theoretical distinction between dimensions of reciprocity established through factor analysis during the process of instrument development. Dimensions included (a) warmth and regard, (b) intrinsic rewards of giving, (c) love and affection, and (d) balance within family caregiving. Items were revised to reflect perceptions of reciprocity from either member of the caregiving dyad. Items judged to be restricted to the present and therefore non-applicable to dependent elderly care receivers were revised to permit reflection and incorporation of past experiences or perceptions. Refinement of items and content validity were established by a panel of experts in caregiving research, gerontology, and instrumentation. The revised instrument was pilot tested with 40 members of caregiving dyads. In the pilot study, the revised instrument was utilized as an interview schedule with dependent elderly care receivers and their family caregivers to assess quality of the caregiving relationship. Internal consistency reliability estimates (Cronbach1s alpha) for each dimension of the instrument were acceptable with an overall reliability of .82. The revised instrument is being tested currently in a larger study of determinants of quality of the care relationship with a sample 100 caregiving dyads.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:38:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:38:11Z-
dc.conference.dateFeb 29 - Mar 2, 1996en_US
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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