2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/166048
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Alcohol And Drug Use Among Females: Factors In Relapse And Recovery
Author(s):
Snow, Diane
Author Details:
Diane Snow, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas, USA, email: snow@uta.edu
Abstract:
Prevention of alcohol and drug use problems through reducing risk factors and increasing protective factors is becoming a widely accepted model of prevention (Scavnicky, Keltner, 1991). How to provide effective prevention efforts to keep female substance abusers from returning to alcohol or drugs after treatment requires empirical knowledge of known risk factors (triggers) for relapse and protective factors for recovery. Substance abusing women often have a history of childhood abuse, abuse in their past or current relationships, suffer from depression, anxiety, and health problems, and lack the necessary support system essential for a sustained recovery (Evans & Sullivan, 1991). Often women with drug and alcohol use problems also demonstrate other addictive behaviors in the areas of food, relationships, nicotine and prescription drugs (Anderson, 1992; Snow, 1992). It is not known to what extent violence, other addictive behaviors and selected risk and protective factors are related to relapse and sustained recovery in alcohol and drug addicted women. Purpose/Objectives of the Study The purpose of the study was to compare risk and protective factors in drug and alcohol addicted women who relapse and those who sustain recovery. 1. Identify the level of addiction to food, relationships, nicotine, and prescription drugs in relapsed and recovering alcohol and drug alcohol and drug addicted women. 2. Explore the frequency and intensity of violence and other selected relapse factors in relapsed and recovering alcohol and drug addicted women. 3. Examine the relationship between addictive disease and frequency and intensity of violence in relapsed and recovering alcohol and drug addicted women. Research Design/Methodology This was a descriptive comparison study of 50 relapsed and 50 recovering alcohol and drug addicted females who were secured from local chemical dependency units, 12 step programs and a state nurses peer assistance program. The Conflict Tactic Scales, PROMIS Addiction Questionnaires and a researcher designed demographic tool were used for data collection. Summary of Results Levels of nicotine addiction, anorexia, submissive relationship addiction and dominance relationship addiction were significantly greater ((=.05) in relapsers. Abuse in a current relationship was reported by relapsers more than by recovering women. Violence from a partner was associated with violence toward the partner in both groups. Reported stressors (risks) for relapse included depression (80.4%) and not attending a 12-step program (77.3%) while attending 12-step meetings (98%) and motivation to change (89.8%) were protective factors for the recovering group. Implications for Nursing Practice Identifying both risk and protective factors helps provide empirical support for developing specific strategies in substance abuse prevention and treatment directed towards the special needs of women.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAlcohol And Drug Use Among Females: Factors In Relapse And Recoveryen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSnow, Dianeen_US
dc.author.detailsDiane Snow, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas, USA, email: snow@uta.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/166048-
dc.description.abstractPrevention of alcohol and drug use problems through reducing risk factors and increasing protective factors is becoming a widely accepted model of prevention (Scavnicky, Keltner, 1991). How to provide effective prevention efforts to keep female substance abusers from returning to alcohol or drugs after treatment requires empirical knowledge of known risk factors (triggers) for relapse and protective factors for recovery. Substance abusing women often have a history of childhood abuse, abuse in their past or current relationships, suffer from depression, anxiety, and health problems, and lack the necessary support system essential for a sustained recovery (Evans & Sullivan, 1991). Often women with drug and alcohol use problems also demonstrate other addictive behaviors in the areas of food, relationships, nicotine and prescription drugs (Anderson, 1992; Snow, 1992). It is not known to what extent violence, other addictive behaviors and selected risk and protective factors are related to relapse and sustained recovery in alcohol and drug addicted women. Purpose/Objectives of the Study The purpose of the study was to compare risk and protective factors in drug and alcohol addicted women who relapse and those who sustain recovery. 1. Identify the level of addiction to food, relationships, nicotine, and prescription drugs in relapsed and recovering alcohol and drug alcohol and drug addicted women. 2. Explore the frequency and intensity of violence and other selected relapse factors in relapsed and recovering alcohol and drug addicted women. 3. Examine the relationship between addictive disease and frequency and intensity of violence in relapsed and recovering alcohol and drug addicted women. Research Design/Methodology This was a descriptive comparison study of 50 relapsed and 50 recovering alcohol and drug addicted females who were secured from local chemical dependency units, 12 step programs and a state nurses peer assistance program. The Conflict Tactic Scales, PROMIS Addiction Questionnaires and a researcher designed demographic tool were used for data collection. Summary of Results Levels of nicotine addiction, anorexia, submissive relationship addiction and dominance relationship addiction were significantly greater ((=.05) in relapsers. Abuse in a current relationship was reported by relapsers more than by recovering women. Violence from a partner was associated with violence toward the partner in both groups. Reported stressors (risks) for relapse included depression (80.4%) and not attending a 12-step program (77.3%) while attending 12-step meetings (98%) and motivation to change (89.8%) were protective factors for the recovering group. Implications for Nursing Practice Identifying both risk and protective factors helps provide empirical support for developing specific strategies in substance abuse prevention and treatment directed towards the special needs of women.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:39:09Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:39:09Z-
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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