2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/166265
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Impact of a Student Assistance Program on Completed Suicide: A Pilot Study
Author(s):
Guiao, Isabelita
Author Details:
Isabelita Guiao, PhD, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington, USA, email: guiao@u.washington.edu
Abstract:
The suicide rate in 15-19 year old teens in Bexar County, Texas exceeds the 1991 national rate (19.15 per 100,000) at 29.4 per 100,000 in the same year; while the suicide rate in Anglo teens is declining, the rate among their Mexican-American counterparts is rising (26.6 per 100,000 in 1993). Studies repeatedly show a positive association between suicide and substance abuse. It is proposed that a student assistance program (SAP), designed primarily to help students and their families with alcohol/drug-related problems and which took effect in 1991 at Edgewood Independent School District (EISD), has the potential to reduce suicide in its student consumers. No data exist to support the potential of substance abuse programs to reduce suicide. Aim: To determine the 1986-1990 suicide rate in victims aged 13-21 years who were students at EISD no more than five years before their death. Question: What is the 1986-1990 suicide rate in 13-21 year old decedents who were students at EISD no more than five years before their death? Design: Population survey on existing death records of 13-21 year old suicide victims who lived in Bexar County, Texas, filed between 1986 and 1990. Sample: Suicide victims who were 13-21 years old at time of death and enrolled at EISD no more than five years before death report; death report filed within 1986 and 1990 at the Texas Department of Health. Data Collection: 131 death records of suicide victims were reviewed for a match between the decedents' street addresses and the street addresses covered by EISD; when a street address match was found, the victim's attendance at EISD was verified through EISD records using name and birth date together as identifiers. Data Analysis: The suicide rate was adjusted to report numbers per 100,000, i.e., number of target suicide victims divided by the number of students in grades 7-12 at EISD (student census by age not available) in 1986-1990 multiplied by 100,000. Power is not an issue for the aim because exact suicide was based on complete record searches. Findings: Suicide rate is 17.92 per 100,000; number = 5; all males and Mexican Americans; all deaths caused by self-inflicted gun shot wounds. Significance: The findings provide baseline evidence of the pre-SAP-five-year suicide rate in youth aged 13-21 years who were students at the EISD no more than five years before their death. Such data are essential to evaluating the potential impact of SAP attendance and non-attendance on post-SAP-five-year suicide rate in the population in question. Implications: Knowing the potential impact of substance abuse programs on suicide add knowledge on injury prevention and health promotion in youth. Nurses need to know what suicide prevention strategies appear to work or not with young persons. Thus, study of the 1991-1995 suicide rate in the population in question, five years after the SAP has been in effect, is imperative.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
Feb 29 - Mar 2, 1996
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImpact of a Student Assistance Program on Completed Suicide: A Pilot Studyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGuiao, Isabelitaen_US
dc.author.detailsIsabelita Guiao, PhD, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington, USA, email: guiao@u.washington.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/166265-
dc.description.abstractThe suicide rate in 15-19 year old teens in Bexar County, Texas exceeds the 1991 national rate (19.15 per 100,000) at 29.4 per 100,000 in the same year; while the suicide rate in Anglo teens is declining, the rate among their Mexican-American counterparts is rising (26.6 per 100,000 in 1993). Studies repeatedly show a positive association between suicide and substance abuse. It is proposed that a student assistance program (SAP), designed primarily to help students and their families with alcohol/drug-related problems and which took effect in 1991 at Edgewood Independent School District (EISD), has the potential to reduce suicide in its student consumers. No data exist to support the potential of substance abuse programs to reduce suicide. Aim: To determine the 1986-1990 suicide rate in victims aged 13-21 years who were students at EISD no more than five years before their death. Question: What is the 1986-1990 suicide rate in 13-21 year old decedents who were students at EISD no more than five years before their death? Design: Population survey on existing death records of 13-21 year old suicide victims who lived in Bexar County, Texas, filed between 1986 and 1990. Sample: Suicide victims who were 13-21 years old at time of death and enrolled at EISD no more than five years before death report; death report filed within 1986 and 1990 at the Texas Department of Health. Data Collection: 131 death records of suicide victims were reviewed for a match between the decedents' street addresses and the street addresses covered by EISD; when a street address match was found, the victim's attendance at EISD was verified through EISD records using name and birth date together as identifiers. Data Analysis: The suicide rate was adjusted to report numbers per 100,000, i.e., number of target suicide victims divided by the number of students in grades 7-12 at EISD (student census by age not available) in 1986-1990 multiplied by 100,000. Power is not an issue for the aim because exact suicide was based on complete record searches. Findings: Suicide rate is 17.92 per 100,000; number = 5; all males and Mexican Americans; all deaths caused by self-inflicted gun shot wounds. Significance: The findings provide baseline evidence of the pre-SAP-five-year suicide rate in youth aged 13-21 years who were students at the EISD no more than five years before their death. Such data are essential to evaluating the potential impact of SAP attendance and non-attendance on post-SAP-five-year suicide rate in the population in question. Implications: Knowing the potential impact of substance abuse programs on suicide add knowledge on injury prevention and health promotion in youth. Nurses need to know what suicide prevention strategies appear to work or not with young persons. Thus, study of the 1991-1995 suicide rate in the population in question, five years after the SAP has been in effect, is imperative.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:43:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:43:37Z-
dc.conference.dateFeb 29 - Mar 2, 1996en_US
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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