The use of Piagetian tasks to assess cognitive developmental age in demented elders

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/166277
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The use of Piagetian tasks to assess cognitive developmental age in demented elders
Author(s):
Barnes, Susan
Author Details:
Susan Barnes, MSN/MN/MNSc/MNE, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center College of Nursing, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, email: susan-barnes@ouhsc.edu
Abstract:
Specific Aims: To assess reliability and validity of 15 item Piaget Test for use in determining cognitive functioning in demented elders. Background: Jean Piaget (a French psychologist) described cognitive development in four stages. The stages are: 1) sensorimotor, 2) preoperational, 3)concrete, and 4) formal operations. It has been proposed that cognitive decline may occur in a reverse order of cognitive development. Significance: Nursing has a role in preserving cognitive and functional abilities of Alzheimer's victims. Accurate assessment is a crucial part of this role. Instrument: Linton Piaget Test is a 15 item test criterion referenced which categorizes an individual according to cognitive ability. Subjects: A convenience sample of ten clients of a dementia day care program were selected for participation. Ages were from 64 to 88. There were six males and four females. Testing took place in December 1994 and January 1995. Instrument reliability: Test-retest Spearman correlation = .79, Interrater reliability Cohen's Kappa percent agreement = 1, Spearman correlation = 1. Instrument validity: Content experts - two content expert assessed the instrument items to be relevant and representative of domain, Concurrent validity - Hypothesis to be tested was that individuals who scored in concrete or preoperational stages should be able to score at least 60% on a second grade math test. Correlation of tests using Spearman correlational coefficient was .79 at a significance level of .0065. Implications: The Linton Piaget Test shows strong implications of being reliable and valid for testing demented elders regarding cognitive levels. Unanticipated observation: the day care clients seemed to enjoy the one on one interpersonal contact inherent in the testing.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
Feb 29 - Mar 2, 1996
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe use of Piagetian tasks to assess cognitive developmental age in demented eldersen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Susanen_US
dc.author.detailsSusan Barnes, MSN/MN/MNSc/MNE, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center College of Nursing, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, email: susan-barnes@ouhsc.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/166277-
dc.description.abstractSpecific Aims: To assess reliability and validity of 15 item Piaget Test for use in determining cognitive functioning in demented elders. Background: Jean Piaget (a French psychologist) described cognitive development in four stages. The stages are: 1) sensorimotor, 2) preoperational, 3)concrete, and 4) formal operations. It has been proposed that cognitive decline may occur in a reverse order of cognitive development. Significance: Nursing has a role in preserving cognitive and functional abilities of Alzheimer's victims. Accurate assessment is a crucial part of this role. Instrument: Linton Piaget Test is a 15 item test criterion referenced which categorizes an individual according to cognitive ability. Subjects: A convenience sample of ten clients of a dementia day care program were selected for participation. Ages were from 64 to 88. There were six males and four females. Testing took place in December 1994 and January 1995. Instrument reliability: Test-retest Spearman correlation = .79, Interrater reliability Cohen's Kappa percent agreement = 1, Spearman correlation = 1. Instrument validity: Content experts - two content expert assessed the instrument items to be relevant and representative of domain, Concurrent validity - Hypothesis to be tested was that individuals who scored in concrete or preoperational stages should be able to score at least 60% on a second grade math test. Correlation of tests using Spearman correlational coefficient was .79 at a significance level of .0065. Implications: The Linton Piaget Test shows strong implications of being reliable and valid for testing demented elders regarding cognitive levels. Unanticipated observation: the day care clients seemed to enjoy the one on one interpersonal contact inherent in the testing.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:43:52Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:43:52Z-
dc.conference.dateFeb 29 - Mar 2, 1996en_US
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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