2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/166312
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Spiritual perspective and social support in women with HIV infection
Author(s):
Gray, Jennifer
Author Details:
Jennifer Gray, PhD, Faculty, University of Texas at Arlington School of Nursing, Arlington, Texas, USA, email: jgray@uta.edu
Abstract:
Objective: Describe the variables of socioeconomic status, disease parameters, social support, and spiritual perspectives of HIV positive women. Psychosocial resources influence one's ability to cope with the stresses of HIV infection and have been implicated as so-factors in disease progression. Limited research was found addressing psychosocial factors in HIV-infected women. Design: Descriptive, correlational Population, Sample, Setting, Years: A pilot study was conducted with 32 HIV seropositive women at a publicly-supported health care institution in north Texas. All the women were 16 years or older, could read and write English, and initialled the consent form to protect confidentiality. Data was collected from December 1993 through April 1995. Methods: The research instruments used to measure the variables, the Interpersonal Relationship Inventory (IPRI, Tilden and Nelson, 1990) and the Spiritual Perspective Scale (SPS, Reed, 1986), were selected based on published reports of reliability and validity. Cronbach's alpha was used as an estimate of reliability and reached acceptable levels in this sample (SPS .94; IPRI subscales, .87, .88, and .78). Findings: Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics: The mean age was 32 years. Fourteen of the subjects were African American and the rest who answered that question were Caucasian. Marital status was 11 married, 9 divorced or separated, 3 partnered, and one widowed. The household income was below $9,999 for 70% of the women. Thirty percent of the women were high school graduates with another fifty percent completing at least through the ninth grade. Disease Parameters: The most frequently reported infections were herpes, thrush, and pneumonia. Twenty women did not report having any AIDS-defining conditions. Months since diagnosis ranged from 3 to 104 months with a mean of 31.2 months. Twenty of the subjects reported becoming infected through heterosexual contact. Spiritual Perspective: The mean score on the SPS was 4.24 on a scale of 1 to 6. The item with the highest mean (4.97) identified forgiveness as an important part of spirituality. Social Support: The means on the scales of the IPRI were 51.3 social support, 51.8 reciprocity, and 40.1 conflict (scale of 13 to 65). Their social networks ranged in size from one to 21 persons. Relationships between Variables: A Pearson's product-moment correlation between each pair of variables was calculated. The significant correlations were between reciprocity and social support (r=.85, p<.001) and spiritual perspective and social support (r=.39, p<.05). Conclusions: Due to limited income and education, the women in this sample had fewer environmental resources for coping. Spirituality and social support were important personal resources. Half of the persons in their social networks were their own children. Further research is needed into the effect this has on their children. The findings can not be generalized because the sample size and the data was collected in one city. A larger study has begun measuring additional variables and using multiple data collection sites. Clinical Implications: Nurse need to assess the spiritual perspective and social support of women living with HIV.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
Feb 29 - Mar 2, 1996
Conference Host:
Southern Nursing Research Society
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSpiritual perspective and social support in women with HIV infectionen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGray, Jenniferen_US
dc.author.detailsJennifer Gray, PhD, Faculty, University of Texas at Arlington School of Nursing, Arlington, Texas, USA, email: jgray@uta.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/166312-
dc.description.abstractObjective: Describe the variables of socioeconomic status, disease parameters, social support, and spiritual perspectives of HIV positive women. Psychosocial resources influence one's ability to cope with the stresses of HIV infection and have been implicated as so-factors in disease progression. Limited research was found addressing psychosocial factors in HIV-infected women. Design: Descriptive, correlational Population, Sample, Setting, Years: A pilot study was conducted with 32 HIV seropositive women at a publicly-supported health care institution in north Texas. All the women were 16 years or older, could read and write English, and initialled the consent form to protect confidentiality. Data was collected from December 1993 through April 1995. Methods: The research instruments used to measure the variables, the Interpersonal Relationship Inventory (IPRI, Tilden and Nelson, 1990) and the Spiritual Perspective Scale (SPS, Reed, 1986), were selected based on published reports of reliability and validity. Cronbach's alpha was used as an estimate of reliability and reached acceptable levels in this sample (SPS .94; IPRI subscales, .87, .88, and .78). Findings: Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics: The mean age was 32 years. Fourteen of the subjects were African American and the rest who answered that question were Caucasian. Marital status was 11 married, 9 divorced or separated, 3 partnered, and one widowed. The household income was below $9,999 for 70% of the women. Thirty percent of the women were high school graduates with another fifty percent completing at least through the ninth grade. Disease Parameters: The most frequently reported infections were herpes, thrush, and pneumonia. Twenty women did not report having any AIDS-defining conditions. Months since diagnosis ranged from 3 to 104 months with a mean of 31.2 months. Twenty of the subjects reported becoming infected through heterosexual contact. Spiritual Perspective: The mean score on the SPS was 4.24 on a scale of 1 to 6. The item with the highest mean (4.97) identified forgiveness as an important part of spirituality. Social Support: The means on the scales of the IPRI were 51.3 social support, 51.8 reciprocity, and 40.1 conflict (scale of 13 to 65). Their social networks ranged in size from one to 21 persons. Relationships between Variables: A Pearson's product-moment correlation between each pair of variables was calculated. The significant correlations were between reciprocity and social support (r=.85, p<.001) and spiritual perspective and social support (r=.39, p<.05). Conclusions: Due to limited income and education, the women in this sample had fewer environmental resources for coping. Spirituality and social support were important personal resources. Half of the persons in their social networks were their own children. Further research is needed into the effect this has on their children. The findings can not be generalized because the sample size and the data was collected in one city. A larger study has begun measuring additional variables and using multiple data collection sites. Clinical Implications: Nurse need to assess the spiritual perspective and social support of women living with HIV.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T14:44:35Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T14:44:35Z-
dc.conference.dateFeb 29 - Mar 2, 1996en_US
dc.conference.hostSouthern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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