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Virginia Henderson International Nursing e-Repository > Independent Submissions > [Legacy Collection] Varied Submissions (Research Study Abstracts) > THE IMPACT OF WORK STRESSORS ON CARING BEHAVIORS AND PROFESSIONAL JOB SATISFACTIONAMONG NURSES IN TAIWAN

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10755/180991
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Type: Researcher Study
Title: THE IMPACT OF WORK STRESSORS ON CARING BEHAVIORS AND PROFESSIONAL JOB SATISFACTIONAMONG NURSES IN TAIWAN
Abstract: 
THE IMPACT OF WORK STRESSORS ON CARING BEHAVIORS AND PROFESSIONAL JOB SATISFACTION
AMONG NURSES IN TAIWAN
A cross-sectional design was used to examine the impact of work stressors on caring behaviors and professional job satisfaction among nurses in Taiwan. The Nursing Stress Scale (NSS) (Gray-Toft-Anderson, 1981), the Caring Assessment Report Evaluation-Q sort (CARE-Q) (Larson, 1981), and the Professional Nurse Job Satisfaction (PNJS) (Hinshaw & Atwood, 1987) were translated into traditional Chinese and tested with Taiwanese nurses. The test-retest reliabilities of the Chinese versions of the three instruments were tested with 10 Taiwanese nurses from seven different settings in a medical center at the two week interval which presented low stability (NSS, alpha=0.71; CARE-Q Frequency, alpha=0.80; PNJS, alpha=0.66). The internal consistency reliabilities of the Chinese versions of the three instruments were tested with 770 nurses from 65 inpatient units in a medical center and demonstrated acceptable reliabilities (NSS, alpha=0.91; CARE-Q Frequency, alpha=0.97; PNJS, alpha=0.88). Construct validity of the Chinese versions of the three instruments was supported by factor analysis.

This study was conducted in a medical center in Taiwan. A total sample of 770 nurses from inpatient units returned usable questionnaires, yielding a response rate of 58.8%. Simultaneous and hierarchical multiple regressions were applied to examine the impact of work stressors on caring behaviors and professional job satisfaction among nurses in Taiwan. The optimally weighted combination of the four demographic predictors (age, education level, years of experience in Nursing, and specialty) explained 12% of the variance in the frequency of caring behaviors (R²=0.12, F=7.757, df=13, 741, p<0.001). Adding work stressors significantly explained an additional 1% of the variance in the frequency of caring behaviors (R² change=0.010, F=8.773, df=1,740, p=0.003). The optimally weighted combination of three demographic predictors (age, years of experience in Nursing, and specialty) explained 8.1% of the variance in the degree of professional nurse job satisfaction (R²=0.081, F= 6.512, df=10,742, p<0.001). Work stressors accounted for approximately 15.5% of the variance in the degree of professional nurse job satisfaction when age, years of experience in Nursing, and setting were held constant (sr²=0.1552, F=150.897, p<0.001). Adding caring behaviors explained an additional 7.3% of the variance in the degree of professional nurse job satisfaction (R² change=0.073, F=78.762, df=1,740, p<0.001).

This study revealed that the frequency of work stressors experienced by nurses has very little influence on the frequency of their caring behaviors, but is a significant predictor of their degree of professional job satisfaction. This information will help administrators and clinicians to develop effective interventions. It will also assist with the implementation of the caring model to enhance nurse caring practice. Nurses’ professional job satisfaction will be improved, which will consequently improve nurse and patient perceptions of the quality of care.
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Repository Posting Date: 28-Oct-2011
Date of Publication: 17-Oct-2011
Appears in Collections: [Legacy Collection] Varied Submissions (Research Study Abstracts)

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