Access to Health Care, Body Mass Index and Vigorous Physical Activity in a US Adult (ages 20-45) Population

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/183050
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Access to Health Care, Body Mass Index and Vigorous Physical Activity in a US Adult (ages 20-45) Population
Author(s):
Bosch, Julie; Bibb, Sandra C.; Padden, Diane
Author Details:
Julie Bosch, NC, PhD, 96th Medical Group, Eglin AFB, email: julie.bosch@eglin.af.mil; Sandra C. Bibb; Diane Padden
Abstract:
Background: Despite high rates of vigorous exercise, US adults are far from meeting the Healthy People 2010 objective that 60% of adults 20 + years and older will have a healthy weight. Little is known about the influence of access to care on body mass index (BMI) in adults who vigorously exercise.

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between access to health care, body mass index (BMI) and vigorous physical activity (PA) in a sample of US adults

Design and Methods: Secondary data analysis using the 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) to obtain adult sample 20 to 45 years of age (N=131,377). BMI (weight-kg/height-m2) calculated from self-reported height and weight. Calculated vigorous PA variable with three levels measured PA occurrence, PA days per week, and PA minutes per session. Descriptive statistics (Mean, SD, CI) One-way ANOVA, t-tests of independent groups used to conduct analyses.

Findings: Mean BMI of adults who met recommendations for vigorous PA was 28.07 (95% CI: 27.94, 28.20), insufficient PA to meet recommendations 29.12 (95% CI: 28.96, 29.28) and no vigorous PA 32.31 (95% CI: 32.15, 32.46). There was statistical significant difference between the PA groups (p = .000) and between adult BMIs who had health care coverage (M= 29.98, SD=-1.45), and those who did not [M=32.58, SD=1.99, t (31,213.97) =-19.01, p=.000]. Magnitude of the difference was medium (d = -1.45, effect size r = -0.58).

Discussion: The benefits of vigorous PA are significant and can occur in the absence of weight loss; however, there are risks of co-morbid diseases associated with excess BMI. Access to care is one of the environmental factors influencing utilization of health services and may impact BMI, as well as PA.
Repository Posting Date:
28-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
28-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2009
Conference Name:
6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conference
Conference Host:
University of South Florida College of Nursing; Magnet Hospitals of Florida; Sigma Theta Tau International; Florida Organization of Nurse Executives
Conference Location:
Kissimmee, Florida
Description:
6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conference � Theme: Research at the Point of Care. Held 12-13 February 2009 at Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention Center, Kissimmee, Florida, USA.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAccess to Health Care, Body Mass Index and Vigorous Physical Activity in a US Adult (ages 20-45) Populationen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBosch, Julieen_US
dc.contributor.authorBibb, Sandra C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPadden, Dianeen_US
dc.author.detailsJulie Bosch, NC, PhD, 96th Medical Group, Eglin AFB, email: julie.bosch@eglin.af.mil; Sandra C. Bibb; Diane Paddenen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/183050-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Despite high rates of vigorous exercise, US adults are far from meeting the Healthy People 2010 objective that 60% of adults 20 + years and older will have a healthy weight. Little is known about the influence of access to care on body mass index (BMI) in adults who vigorously exercise.<br/><br/>Purpose: To investigate the relationship between access to health care, body mass index (BMI) and vigorous physical activity (PA) in a sample of US adults<br/><br/>Design and Methods: Secondary data analysis using the 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) to obtain adult sample 20 to 45 years of age (N=131,377). BMI (weight-kg/height-m2) calculated from self-reported height and weight. Calculated vigorous PA variable with three levels measured PA occurrence, PA days per week, and PA minutes per session. Descriptive statistics (Mean, SD, CI) One-way ANOVA, t-tests of independent groups used to conduct analyses. <br/><br/>Findings: Mean BMI of adults who met recommendations for vigorous PA was 28.07 (95% CI: 27.94, 28.20), insufficient PA to meet recommendations 29.12 (95% CI: 28.96, 29.28) and no vigorous PA 32.31 (95% CI: 32.15, 32.46). There was statistical significant difference between the PA groups (p = .000) and between adult BMIs who had health care coverage (M= 29.98, SD=-1.45), and those who did not [M=32.58, SD=1.99, t (31,213.97) =-19.01, p=.000]. Magnitude of the difference was medium (d = -1.45, effect size r = -0.58).<br/><br/>Discussion: The benefits of vigorous PA are significant and can occur in the absence of weight loss; however, there are risks of co-morbid diseases associated with excess BMI. Access to care is one of the environmental factors influencing utilization of health services and may impact BMI, as well as PA.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-28T16:12:26Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-28en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-28T16:12:26Z-
dc.conference.date2009en_US
dc.conference.name6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conferenceen_US
dc.conference.hostUniversity of South Florida College of Nursingen_US
dc.conference.hostMagnet Hospitals of Floridaen_US
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_US
dc.conference.hostFlorida Organization of Nurse Executivesen_US
dc.conference.locationKissimmee, Floridaen_US
dc.description6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conference � Theme: Research at the Point of Care. Held 12-13 February 2009 at Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention Center, Kissimmee, Florida, USA.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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