Characteristics of Adult Tobacco Smokers and Their Smoking Cessation Outcomes after an Intervention Program

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/183090
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Characteristics of Adult Tobacco Smokers and Their Smoking Cessation Outcomes after an Intervention Program
Author(s):
Mites-Campbell, Mary; Thurer, R. F.; Brown, D.; Trapido, E.; Fishman, J.; Zapata, W.
Author Details:
Mary Mites-Campbell, MD, Jackson Health System, Miami, FL, email: mmites@jhsmiami.org; R.F Thurer; D. Brown; E. Trapido; J. Fishman; W. Zapata
Abstract:
Approximately 46 million people in the United States smoke tobacco. Although smoking has declined over the past 10 years, it remains a major contributor to lung and other cancers, heart disease, and stroke. Minority low-income smokers are at special risk. This retrospective, longitudinal study involved 223 randomly selected ethnic minority (African American and Hispanic), low-income participants in an established smoking cessation program from 2001 through 2005. The program was located in a large southeastern U.S. metropolitan area, and at preintervention all participants had a baseline CT scan for lung cancer. Despite much research on smoking cessation programs, no studies have focused on this population in an early lung cancer and smoking cessation program. This study described the sample characteristics and examined selected factors (level of activity, physical health, emotional health, and stages of change) predictive of smoking cessation 12 months postintervention. Two research questions were formulated: (a) Was there a significant change in participants' self-reports on the five variables preintervention and at 12-month postintervention? (b) If there was a significant change in these variables, what were the relative contributions of postintervention scores in predicting smoking status at 12-month follow-up? Two instruments were administered at baseline preintervention and postintervention: the Early Lung Cancer Action Program (ELCAP) Intake and Follow-Up Surveys. Results of t tests and logistic regression indicated that for Research Question 1, general health and physical health significantly improved, and emotional health significantly declined. Further, 57% of the participants reported not smoking at all in the month following postintervention. For Research Question 2, none of the five variables predicted smoking cessation at postintervention. Therefore, the program was partially effective in contributing to participants' decreased smoking and increased general and physical health. A major limitation was the instruments, constructed from the ELCAP program surveys, which are used exclusively for diagnosis. Further instrument validity and reliability testing is warranted.
The ELCAP program has been primarily a medical model, and this study may provide a first step toward a nursing model. Further research is suggested with similar populations in other geographic areas, especially with minority, low-income participants at high risk for lung cancer.
Repository Posting Date:
28-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
28-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2009
Conference Name:
6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conference
Conference Host:
University of South Florida College of Nursing; Magnet Hospitals of Florida; Sigma Theta Tau International; Florida Organization of Nurse Executives
Conference Location:
Kissimmee, Florida
Description:
6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conference � Theme: Research at the Point of Care. Held 12-13 February 2009 at Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention Center, Kissimmee, Florida, USA.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCharacteristics of Adult Tobacco Smokers and Their Smoking Cessation Outcomes after an Intervention Programen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMites-Campbell, Maryen_US
dc.contributor.authorThurer, R. F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBrown, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTrapido, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFishman, J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZapata, W.en_US
dc.author.detailsMary Mites-Campbell, MD, Jackson Health System, Miami, FL, email: mmites@jhsmiami.org; R.F Thurer; D. Brown; E. Trapido; J. Fishman; W. Zapataen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/183090-
dc.description.abstractApproximately 46 million people in the United States smoke tobacco. Although smoking has declined over the past 10 years, it remains a major contributor to lung and other cancers, heart disease, and stroke. Minority low-income smokers are at special risk. This retrospective, longitudinal study involved 223 randomly selected ethnic minority (African American and Hispanic), low-income participants in an established smoking cessation program from 2001 through 2005. The program was located in a large southeastern U.S. metropolitan area, and at preintervention all participants had a baseline CT scan for lung cancer. Despite much research on smoking cessation programs, no studies have focused on this population in an early lung cancer and smoking cessation program. This study described the sample characteristics and examined selected factors (level of activity, physical health, emotional health, and stages of change) predictive of smoking cessation 12 months postintervention. Two research questions were formulated: (a) Was there a significant change in participants' self-reports on the five variables preintervention and at 12-month postintervention? (b) If there was a significant change in these variables, what were the relative contributions of postintervention scores in predicting smoking status at 12-month follow-up? Two instruments were administered at baseline preintervention and postintervention: the Early Lung Cancer Action Program (ELCAP) Intake and Follow-Up Surveys. Results of t tests and logistic regression indicated that for Research Question 1, general health and physical health significantly improved, and emotional health significantly declined. Further, 57% of the participants reported not smoking at all in the month following postintervention. For Research Question 2, none of the five variables predicted smoking cessation at postintervention. Therefore, the program was partially effective in contributing to participants' decreased smoking and increased general and physical health. A major limitation was the instruments, constructed from the ELCAP program surveys, which are used exclusively for diagnosis. Further instrument validity and reliability testing is warranted.<br/>The ELCAP program has been primarily a medical model, and this study may provide a first step toward a nursing model. Further research is suggested with similar populations in other geographic areas, especially with minority, low-income participants at high risk for lung cancer.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-28T16:14:07Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-28en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-28T16:14:07Z-
dc.conference.date2009en_US
dc.conference.name6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conferenceen_US
dc.conference.hostUniversity of South Florida College of Nursingen_US
dc.conference.hostMagnet Hospitals of Floridaen_US
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_US
dc.conference.hostFlorida Organization of Nurse Executivesen_US
dc.conference.locationKissimmee, Floridaen_US
dc.description6th Annual Florida Magnet Research Conference � Theme: Research at the Point of Care. Held 12-13 February 2009 at Gaylord Palms Resort and Convention Center, Kissimmee, Florida, USA.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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