Health Promotion in Diabetes Care: Exploring Social Environmental Factors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/201615
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Health Promotion in Diabetes Care: Exploring Social Environmental Factors
Abstract:
(41st Biennial Convention) Background:  Rising rates of diabetes incidence and prevalence, coupled with widespread socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in leading indicators, underscore the need to examine social environmental factors that may influence the success of diabetes-related interventions. Identifying prevalent sources of social stress and effective social buffers is a critical step to inform the development of innovative interventions for diabetes control and prevention. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore social environmental factors among individuals with or at risk for type 2 diabetes, following completion of an 8-week yoga-based study. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design included a sample of 63 individuals who completed follow-up assessment at 15 months post-intervention. Operationalization of the social environment included social support as a social buffer and discrimination as a social stressor. Results:  Experiences of social discrimination were common in this sample; 82.5% reported that they had experienced at least one type of discrimination, and 14.3% reported frequent experiences of discrimination. Participants most frequently attributed perceived discrimination to age and income/education level. Individuals with higher levels of social support reported fewer experiences of social discrimination (t = 2.597, p = .013).   Conclusions: In this sample, the majority of participants experienced at least one form of social discrimination, and some expressed a high frequency of discrimination. When considering the population at risk, individuals with diabetes and prediabetes, it is important for clinicians to assess the social environment, making note of the potential influences of social stressors such as discrimination, as well as the presence and effectiveness of social buffers, including social support. Continued exploration of the role of the social environment will inform the design and implementation of health promotion interventions in the control and prevention of diabetes.
Keywords:
social environment; diabetes
Repository Posting Date:
11-Jan-2012
Date of Publication:
4-Jan-2012
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleHealth Promotion in Diabetes Care: Exploring Social Environmental Factorsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/201615-
dc.description.abstract(41st Biennial Convention) Background:  Rising rates of diabetes incidence and prevalence, coupled with widespread socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in leading indicators, underscore the need to examine social environmental factors that may influence the success of diabetes-related interventions. Identifying prevalent sources of social stress and effective social buffers is a critical step to inform the development of innovative interventions for diabetes control and prevention. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore social environmental factors among individuals with or at risk for type 2 diabetes, following completion of an 8-week yoga-based study. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design included a sample of 63 individuals who completed follow-up assessment at 15 months post-intervention. Operationalization of the social environment included social support as a social buffer and discrimination as a social stressor. Results:  Experiences of social discrimination were common in this sample; 82.5% reported that they had experienced at least one type of discrimination, and 14.3% reported frequent experiences of discrimination. Participants most frequently attributed perceived discrimination to age and income/education level. Individuals with higher levels of social support reported fewer experiences of social discrimination (t = 2.597, p = .013).   Conclusions: In this sample, the majority of participants experienced at least one form of social discrimination, and some expressed a high frequency of discrimination. When considering the population at risk, individuals with diabetes and prediabetes, it is important for clinicians to assess the social environment, making note of the potential influences of social stressors such as discrimination, as well as the presence and effectiveness of social buffers, including social support. Continued exploration of the role of the social environment will inform the design and implementation of health promotion interventions in the control and prevention of diabetes.en_GB
dc.subjectsocial environmenten_GB
dc.subjectdiabetesen_GB
dc.date.available2012-01-11T10:43:17Z-
dc.date.issued2012-01-04en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-11T10:43:17Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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