The Effect of Low Perceived Life Chances on Odds of Adolescent Participation in Fighting, Stabbing, and Shooting

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/201913
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Low Perceived Life Chances on Odds of Adolescent Participation in Fighting, Stabbing, and Shooting
Author(s):
March, Alice L.
Author Details:
Alice L. March, PhD, RN, FNP-C, CNE
Abstract:
(41st Biennial Convention) Background: Adolescent participation in violent behaviors increases the likelihood of premature death. Minority youth have high rates of fighting, stabbing and shooting, yet substantially more research has been completed in majority populations. Multiple factors influence the odds of involvement, yet theory-based research has not fully examined how risk or promotive factors alter behaviors. This study employed the problem behavior theory to examine psychosocial risk and protective factors in impoverished African American adolescents. The purpose of the study was to discover the relationships between risk and protective factors, and behaviors related to violence, in particular the risk factor of low perceived life chances. � Methods: This secondary data analysis of a survey assessing multiple behaviors and psychosocial variables examined responses to selected questions representing constructs within the theory thought to be affected by violence, and protective and risk factors (low perceived life chances). Multiple regression analyses examined the independent effect of low perceived life chances on participation in those behaviors. Results: Respondents were impoverished (88.7% received free/reduced cost lunch) African American (96%) adolescent. Low perceived life chances increased the odds of fighting (?=.459, p=.009), stabbing (?=18.481, p<.0001), and shooting (?=.985, p<.0001). Not knowing neighbors increased the odds of fighting (?=.631, p<.0001) and shooting (?=.418, p=.048). Low self-esteem increased the odds of stabbing (?=.707, p=.003) and shooting (?=.619, p=.016). Factors decreasing the odds included: religiosity (? =-.044, p=.022), interested adults (?=-.770, p=.002) for stabbing; female sex for fighting (?=-.612, p<.0001) and shooting (?=-1.899, p<.0001); and liking the neighborhood for fighting (?=-.329, p=.046). Conclusion: Low perceived life chances in adolescents from impoverished neighborhoods may increase the risk of involvement in violence; however other factors may modify those effects. Implications: Discovering what factors affect risky behaviors is the first step in creating culturally appropriate community interventions to decrease those behaviors.
Keywords:
Violence; Adolecent; Behavior
Repository Posting Date:
11-Jan-2012
Date of Publication:
4-Jan-2012
Conference Date:
2011
Conference Name:
41st Biennial Convention: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Health
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Grapevine, Texas USA
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Description:
41st Biennial Convention - 29 October-2 November 2011. Theme: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Health. Held at the Gaylord Texan Resort & convention Center.
Note:
Items submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository, unless otherwise noted.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleThe Effect of Low Perceived Life Chances on Odds of Adolescent Participation in Fighting, Stabbing, and Shootingen
dc.contributor.authorMarch, Alice L.en
dc.author.detailsAlice L. March, PhD, RN, FNP-C, CNEen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/201913-
dc.description.abstract(41st Biennial Convention) Background: Adolescent participation in violent behaviors increases the likelihood of premature death. Minority youth have high rates of fighting, stabbing and shooting, yet substantially more research has been completed in majority populations. Multiple factors influence the odds of involvement, yet theory-based research has not fully examined how risk or promotive factors alter behaviors. This study employed the problem behavior theory to examine psychosocial risk and protective factors in impoverished African American adolescents. The purpose of the study was to discover the relationships between risk and protective factors, and behaviors related to violence, in particular the risk factor of low perceived life chances. � Methods: This secondary data analysis of a survey assessing multiple behaviors and psychosocial variables examined responses to selected questions representing constructs within the theory thought to be affected by violence, and protective and risk factors (low perceived life chances). Multiple regression analyses examined the independent effect of low perceived life chances on participation in those behaviors. Results: Respondents were impoverished (88.7% received free/reduced cost lunch) African American (96%) adolescent. Low perceived life chances increased the odds of fighting (?=.459, p=.009), stabbing (?=18.481, p<.0001), and shooting (?=.985, p<.0001). Not knowing neighbors increased the odds of fighting (?=.631, p<.0001) and shooting (?=.418, p=.048). Low self-esteem increased the odds of stabbing (?=.707, p=.003) and shooting (?=.619, p=.016). Factors decreasing the odds included: religiosity (? =-.044, p=.022), interested adults (?=-.770, p=.002) for stabbing; female sex for fighting (?=-.612, p<.0001) and shooting (?=-1.899, p<.0001); and liking the neighborhood for fighting (?=-.329, p=.046). Conclusion: Low perceived life chances in adolescents from impoverished neighborhoods may increase the risk of involvement in violence; however other factors may modify those effects. Implications: Discovering what factors affect risky behaviors is the first step in creating culturally appropriate community interventions to decrease those behaviors.en
dc.subjectViolenceen
dc.subjectAdolecenten
dc.subjectBehavioren
dc.date.available2012-01-11T10:59:43Z-
dc.date.issued2012-01-04en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-11T10:59:43Z-
dc.conference.date2011en
dc.conference.name41st Biennial Convention: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Healthen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationGrapevine, Texas USAen
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
dc.description41st Biennial Convention - 29 October-2 November 2011. Theme: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Health. Held at the Gaylord Texan Resort & convention Center.en
dc.description.noteItems submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository, unless otherwise noted.-
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