Reiki: A Complementary, Biofield Therapy for Management of Postoperative Pain

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/202214
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Reiki: A Complementary, Biofield Therapy for Management of Postoperative Pain
Author(s):
Toms, Robin
Author Details:
Robin Toms, PhD, MSN, RN, NEA-BC
Abstract:
(41st Biennial Convention) There is increasing interest in complementary and alternative therapies that do not rely on expensive, invasive technology, and are holistic in focus. Such therapies could improve pain management in the poorest of countries globally. Research has shown the benefits of combining conventional, Western, pain management with CAM (Olson, 2003; Gillespie, 2007; Olson, 2003; Vitale, 2006 ;). Reiki, a complementary therapy, is a form of energy therapy in which the focus of the practitioner, with or without light touch, is believed to access universal energy sources that can assist in balancing the biofield and strengthening the body's ability to heal itself and relieve pain and inflammation. Reiki uses only the hands of the practitioner and may also be self administered. Review of the current Reiki literature reveals few randomized controlled studies with limited numbers of human subjects (DiNucci, 2005; Miles, 2003). Vandervaart and Gijsen (2009) conducted a systematic review of the therapeutic effects of Reiki to evaluate whether Reiki produced a significant treatment effect. Recommendations included further study employing high-quality randomized controlled trials. A randomized, controlled pilot study was designed to examine the effects of Reiki Therapy on management of postoperative pain following foot and ankle surgery. Jean Watson's Caring Theory provided the conceptual framework for the study. Participants, N=30, were randomized to an experimental group that received Reiki immediately before and after surgery and again five days later or a control group receiving simulated Reiki at the same intervals. The McGIll-Melzack Pain Questionnaire was used to measure concepts and variables related to pain. Results revealed no significant difference between the control and experimental group, however results led to implications for future research. An NIH grant application is pending to fund an experimental design study with 160 participants demonstrating a larger effect size based on the literature.
Keywords:
Pain; Reiki; Complementary
Repository Posting Date:
11-Jan-2012
Date of Publication:
4-Jan-2012
Conference Date:
2011
Conference Name:
41st Biennial Convention: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Health
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Grapevine, Texas USA
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Description:
41st Biennial Convention - 29 October-2 November 2011. Theme: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Health. Held at the Gaylord Texan Resort & convention Center.
Note:
Items submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository, unless otherwise noted.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleReiki: A Complementary, Biofield Therapy for Management of Postoperative Painen
dc.contributor.authorToms, Robinen
dc.author.detailsRobin Toms, PhD, MSN, RN, NEA-BCen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/202214-
dc.description.abstract(41st Biennial Convention) There is increasing interest in complementary and alternative therapies that do not rely on expensive, invasive technology, and are holistic in focus. Such therapies could improve pain management in the poorest of countries globally. Research has shown the benefits of combining conventional, Western, pain management with CAM (Olson, 2003; Gillespie, 2007; Olson, 2003; Vitale, 2006 ;). Reiki, a complementary therapy, is a form of energy therapy in which the focus of the practitioner, with or without light touch, is believed to access universal energy sources that can assist in balancing the biofield and strengthening the body's ability to heal itself and relieve pain and inflammation. Reiki uses only the hands of the practitioner and may also be self administered. Review of the current Reiki literature reveals few randomized controlled studies with limited numbers of human subjects (DiNucci, 2005; Miles, 2003). Vandervaart and Gijsen (2009) conducted a systematic review of the therapeutic effects of Reiki to evaluate whether Reiki produced a significant treatment effect. Recommendations included further study employing high-quality randomized controlled trials. A randomized, controlled pilot study was designed to examine the effects of Reiki Therapy on management of postoperative pain following foot and ankle surgery. Jean Watson's Caring Theory provided the conceptual framework for the study. Participants, N=30, were randomized to an experimental group that received Reiki immediately before and after surgery and again five days later or a control group receiving simulated Reiki at the same intervals. The McGIll-Melzack Pain Questionnaire was used to measure concepts and variables related to pain. Results revealed no significant difference between the control and experimental group, however results led to implications for future research. An NIH grant application is pending to fund an experimental design study with 160 participants demonstrating a larger effect size based on the literature.en
dc.subjectPainen
dc.subjectReikien
dc.subjectComplementaryen
dc.date.available2012-01-11T11:16:12Z-
dc.date.issued2012-01-04en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-11T11:16:12Z-
dc.conference.date2011en
dc.conference.name41st Biennial Convention: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Healthen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationGrapevine, Texas USAen
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
dc.description41st Biennial Convention - 29 October-2 November 2011. Theme: People and Knowledge: Connecting for Global Health. Held at the Gaylord Texan Resort & convention Center.en
dc.description.noteItems submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository, unless otherwise noted.-
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