2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/211533
Type:
Research Study
Title:
LONELINESS, PET ATTITUDE, AND PARENTHOOD MOTIVATION: WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP?
Abstract:
Purposes/Aims: The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the relationships among loneliness, pet attitude, and parenthood motivation in community dwelling pet owners of childbearing years. Rationale/Conceptual Basis/Background: The theoretical framework guiding this research was based on attachment theory posited by Bowlby, 1969. The central theme of this premise is the reciprocal emotional bond, nurturing behaviors, and sense of security that occurs from caretaking of another. A review of the current research revealed a gap in the literature on the relationship between loneliness, pet attitude, and parental motivation. Therefore, this study addressed these relationships adding to the body of nursing knowledge. Methods: Participants were recruited using chain sampling technique a variant of convenience sampling. The final sample consisted of community dwelling pet owners of childbearing years (N = 118). Emails were sent to 65 contacts (seeds) and inviting them to voluntarily participate in the online study. The email included an introduction to the study, a direct link to the online study, and a “share this web link”. In order to recruit other potential subjects the seeds were asked to forward the web link to others who met the age criteria (18- 45). When the potential participants clicked on the direct link to the survey and entered the online site and a formal letter of introduction followed by an Informed Consent was provided. Upon obtaining the informed consent the participants gained access to the online survey for completion. The participants completed a demographics, loneliness, pet attitude, and parenthood motivation survey. The completion of the online survey took approximately 20 minutes. Results: Data were analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlations and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Two-tailed tests were used to determine statistical significance at the .05 level. The results revealed that loneliness was related to parenthood motivation (r = .33, p = .00), in that those with increased loneliness reported increased parenthood motivation. Pet attitude was related to parenthood motivation (r = .20, p = .03), those with increased positive attitude toward pets reported increased parenthood motivation. Loneliness did not vary by pet specie however pet attitude varied by pet specie, as dog owners had the most positive attitude toward pets. Parenthood motivation did not vary by pet specie. Implications: Nurses working with individuals of childbearing years should inquire about pet relationships and the instinctual bond they represent. Pets have been shown as a valuable resource in the influencing feelings of loneliness and parenthood motivation, and should be considered in nursing assessments and interventions for community residing individuals and couples. Future research is needed to further examine the relationships among loneliness, pet attitude, and parenthood motivation in community residing pet owners of childbearing years.
Keywords:
Pet attitude; Parenthood motivation; Community dwelling pet owners
Repository Posting Date:
20-Feb-2012
Date of Publication:
20-Feb-2012
Other Identifiers:
5380
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typeResearch Studyen_GB
dc.titleLONELINESS, PET ATTITUDE, AND PARENTHOOD MOTIVATION: WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/211533-
dc.description.abstractPurposes/Aims: The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the relationships among loneliness, pet attitude, and parenthood motivation in community dwelling pet owners of childbearing years. Rationale/Conceptual Basis/Background: The theoretical framework guiding this research was based on attachment theory posited by Bowlby, 1969. The central theme of this premise is the reciprocal emotional bond, nurturing behaviors, and sense of security that occurs from caretaking of another. A review of the current research revealed a gap in the literature on the relationship between loneliness, pet attitude, and parental motivation. Therefore, this study addressed these relationships adding to the body of nursing knowledge. Methods: Participants were recruited using chain sampling technique a variant of convenience sampling. The final sample consisted of community dwelling pet owners of childbearing years (N = 118). Emails were sent to 65 contacts (seeds) and inviting them to voluntarily participate in the online study. The email included an introduction to the study, a direct link to the online study, and a “share this web link”. In order to recruit other potential subjects the seeds were asked to forward the web link to others who met the age criteria (18- 45). When the potential participants clicked on the direct link to the survey and entered the online site and a formal letter of introduction followed by an Informed Consent was provided. Upon obtaining the informed consent the participants gained access to the online survey for completion. The participants completed a demographics, loneliness, pet attitude, and parenthood motivation survey. The completion of the online survey took approximately 20 minutes. Results: Data were analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlations and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Two-tailed tests were used to determine statistical significance at the .05 level. The results revealed that loneliness was related to parenthood motivation (r = .33, p = .00), in that those with increased loneliness reported increased parenthood motivation. Pet attitude was related to parenthood motivation (r = .20, p = .03), those with increased positive attitude toward pets reported increased parenthood motivation. Loneliness did not vary by pet specie however pet attitude varied by pet specie, as dog owners had the most positive attitude toward pets. Parenthood motivation did not vary by pet specie. Implications: Nurses working with individuals of childbearing years should inquire about pet relationships and the instinctual bond they represent. Pets have been shown as a valuable resource in the influencing feelings of loneliness and parenthood motivation, and should be considered in nursing assessments and interventions for community residing individuals and couples. Future research is needed to further examine the relationships among loneliness, pet attitude, and parenthood motivation in community residing pet owners of childbearing years.en_GB
dc.subjectPet attitudeen_GB
dc.subjectParenthood motivationen_GB
dc.subjectCommunity dwelling pet ownersen_GB
dc.date.available2012-02-20T12:00:42Z-
dc.date.issued2012-02-20T12:00:42Z-
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-20T12:00:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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