2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/211651
Type:
Research Study
Title:
EXPLORING ABSENTEEISM AMONG NURSES in A TERTIARY MEDICAL CENTER in LEBANON
Abstract:
Absences of healthcare workers pose a significant cost, financial and non-financial, on healthcare organizations. Absenteeism among nurses, in particular, has a profound impact on patients’ care and organizational costs.  There are no studies in the Middle East region that address the crucial issue of absenteeism among nurses. As such the aims of this study are to examine sickness absences among registered nurses in a tertiary referral center in Lebanon in terms of prevalence, reasons, trends, frequency, and impact on services provided in order to recommend and administer appropriate interventions for effective absence management. Method: This is an exploratory study encompassing three data collection methods.  The first method includes a review of the health records of registered nurses characteristics of sick absence during the past year including absence rates, and duration; place of work/unit of the absent RN; and healthcare services received.  The second method is qualitative explorative inquiry where in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 RNs who reported sick absence due to work related causes to explore in-depth the work-related conditions that led to sickness absence. The third method, which is qualitative descriptive, included interviews with all the nurse managers [N=24] of the medical center to explore their perceptions of sickness absence in their work areas.  Institutional review board approval was granted prior to data collection. Results: Health record reviews of RNS revealed that females tend to have higher frequencies of sick leaves [83%]. Younger nurses [age less than 30] tend to get more sick leaves [45.3%] than the older ones; nurses above 40 years old tend to get least sick leaves [23.6%].Infections were the most frequent reasons for sick leaves [52.9%] followed by musculoskeletal injuries [22.7%]. Nurses working in the operating rooms have significantly more sick leaves [p=0.000] than the rest of the units/services. Second highest incidents of sick leaves came from critical care areas. The qualitative analysis yielded the following themes: attribution of sickness absence to work life conditions [physical and mental exhaustion], family conditions, social conditions, or physical conditions, having another job, and the “system” encouraging nurses to get sick leaves; consequences of sickness absence related to burden on the unit nurse manger, staff and patients. Conclusion: Some of the factors leading to sickness absence in this study are similar to the west.  Nonetheless, the majority of the factors showed to be context specific and uncovered the overlooked, underlying factors that are specific to Lebanon. Implications: Nurse Administrators as well as employee health services need to design effective absence management to improve healthcare outcomes and decrease cost, by reducing work-related illness and subsequently improving employee productivity.
Keywords:
Nurse absenteeism; Impact study
Repository Posting Date:
20-Feb-2012
Date of Publication:
20-Feb-2012
Other Identifiers:
5644
Sponsors:
Western Institute of Nursing

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typeResearch Studyen_GB
dc.titleEXPLORING ABSENTEEISM AMONG NURSES in A TERTIARY MEDICAL CENTER in LEBANONen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/211651-
dc.description.abstractAbsences of healthcare workers pose a significant cost, financial and non-financial, on healthcare organizations. Absenteeism among nurses, in particular, has a profound impact on patients’ care and organizational costs.  There are no studies in the Middle East region that address the crucial issue of absenteeism among nurses. As such the aims of this study are to examine sickness absences among registered nurses in a tertiary referral center in Lebanon in terms of prevalence, reasons, trends, frequency, and impact on services provided in order to recommend and administer appropriate interventions for effective absence management. Method: This is an exploratory study encompassing three data collection methods.  The first method includes a review of the health records of registered nurses characteristics of sick absence during the past year including absence rates, and duration; place of work/unit of the absent RN; and healthcare services received.  The second method is qualitative explorative inquiry where in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 RNs who reported sick absence due to work related causes to explore in-depth the work-related conditions that led to sickness absence. The third method, which is qualitative descriptive, included interviews with all the nurse managers [N=24] of the medical center to explore their perceptions of sickness absence in their work areas.  Institutional review board approval was granted prior to data collection. Results: Health record reviews of RNS revealed that females tend to have higher frequencies of sick leaves [83%]. Younger nurses [age less than 30] tend to get more sick leaves [45.3%] than the older ones; nurses above 40 years old tend to get least sick leaves [23.6%].Infections were the most frequent reasons for sick leaves [52.9%] followed by musculoskeletal injuries [22.7%]. Nurses working in the operating rooms have significantly more sick leaves [p=0.000] than the rest of the units/services. Second highest incidents of sick leaves came from critical care areas. The qualitative analysis yielded the following themes: attribution of sickness absence to work life conditions [physical and mental exhaustion], family conditions, social conditions, or physical conditions, having another job, and the “system” encouraging nurses to get sick leaves; consequences of sickness absence related to burden on the unit nurse manger, staff and patients. Conclusion: Some of the factors leading to sickness absence in this study are similar to the west.  Nonetheless, the majority of the factors showed to be context specific and uncovered the overlooked, underlying factors that are specific to Lebanon. Implications: Nurse Administrators as well as employee health services need to design effective absence management to improve healthcare outcomes and decrease cost, by reducing work-related illness and subsequently improving employee productivity.en_GB
dc.subjectNurse absenteeismen_GB
dc.subjectImpact studyen_GB
dc.date.available2012-02-20T12:06:23Z-
dc.date.issued2012-02-20T12:06:23Z-
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-20T12:06:23Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipWestern Institute of Nursingen_GB
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