The Relationship Between Health-Promoting Behavior and Metabolic Syndrome Among Community Older Adults

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243141
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship Between Health-Promoting Behavior and Metabolic Syndrome Among Community Older Adults
Author(s):
Chiou, Ai-Fu; Chen, I-Ju; Cho, Shu-lingn; Wu, Chien-Huan
Author Details:
Chiou, Ai-Fu, PhD, RN, afchiou@ym.edu.tw; Chen, I-Ju, PhD, RN; Cho, Shu-lingn, PhD; Wu, Chien-Huan, MS;
Abstract:
Purpose: Health-promoting behavior plays an important role on health status of older adults. Therefore, understanding the related factors of health-promoting behavior may help improvement of health status and quality of life of older adults. The purpose of this study is to explore the determinants of health-promoting behavior among community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan and the relationships between health-promoting behavior and metabolic syndrome.

Methods: This study used a descriptive, correlational design. A convenience sample of 213 community residents who were 60 years and older was recruited in this study. Data collection includes physical examination such as body mass index, blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol, and a structured questionnaire including the MOS 36-item short-form health survey, health promoting lifestyles profile II, perceived benefits and barriers of action checklist, general self-efficacy scale, and multidimensional scale of perceived social support.

Results: Metabolic syndrome was found in 60% of older adults. Participants had higher score in interpersonal relations and stress management of health-promoting behavior, but lower score in physical activity and spiritual growth. Health-promoting behavior was correlated with participants’ level of education, marital status, economic conditions, living arrangement, religious preference, health problems, medications, and behavior-specific cognitions and affect. Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that 43.4% total variance of health promotion behaviors was accounted for by literacy, living with others, physical function, perceived benefits of action, self-efficacy, and social support. Structural equation modeling displayed that 44% of behavior-specific cognitions and affect was explained by health status of the older adults, 80% of health-promoting behavior was explained by behavior-specific cognitions and affect, and 3% of metabolic syndrome was explained by health-promoting behavior.

Conclusion: Physical activity and spiritual growth needed to be promoted in older adults. Older adults who have better health-promoting behavior will have less metabolic syndrome risk factors.

 

Keywords:
health-promoting behavior; metabolic syndrome; self-efficacy
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationship Between Health-Promoting Behavior and Metabolic Syndrome Among Community Older Adultsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorChiou, Ai-Fuen_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen, I-Juen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCho, Shu-lingnen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWu, Chien-Huanen_GB
dc.author.detailsChiou, Ai-Fu, PhD, RN, afchiou@ym.edu.tw; Chen, I-Ju, PhD, RN; Cho, Shu-lingn, PhD; Wu, Chien-Huan, MS;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243141-
dc.description.abstract<b><i><b>Purpose: </b> </i></b>Health-promoting behavior plays an important role on health status of older adults. Therefore, understanding the related factors of health-promoting behavior may help improvement of health status and quality of life of older adults. The purpose of this study is to explore the determinants of health-promoting behavior among community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan and the relationships between health-promoting behavior and metabolic syndrome. <p><b><i><b>Methods: </b> </i></b>This study used a descriptive, correlational design. A convenience sample of 213 community residents who were 60 years and older was recruited in this study. Data collection includes physical examination such as body mass index, blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol, and a structured questionnaire including the MOS 36-item short-form health survey, health promoting lifestyles profile II, perceived benefits and barriers of action checklist, general self-efficacy scale, and multidimensional scale of perceived social support. <p><b><i><b>Results: </b></i></b><b> </b>Metabolic syndrome was found in 60% of older adults. Participants had higher score in interpersonal relations and stress management of health-promoting behavior, but lower score in physical activity and spiritual growth. Health-promoting behavior was correlated with participants&rsquo; level of education, marital status, economic conditions, living arrangement, religious preference, health problems, medications, and behavior-specific cognitions and affect. Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that 43.4% total variance of health promotion behaviors was accounted for by literacy, living with others, physical function, perceived benefits of action, self-efficacy, and social support. Structural equation modeling displayed that 44% of behavior-specific cognitions and affect was explained by health status of the older adults, 80% of health-promoting behavior was explained by behavior-specific cognitions and affect, and 3% of metabolic syndrome was explained by health-promoting behavior. <p><b><i><b>Conclusion: </b> </i></b>Physical activity and spiritual growth needed to be promoted in older adults. Older adults who have better health-promoting behavior will have less metabolic syndrome risk factors. <p>&nbsp;en_GB
dc.subjecthealth-promoting behavioren_GB
dc.subjectmetabolic syndromeen_GB
dc.subjectself-efficacyen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:18:18Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:18:18Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
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