Performance ofᅠ10-Minutes of Diaphragmatic Breathing Relaxation Training in Relieving in Outpatients and Accompanied Relatives

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243186
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Performance ofᅠ10-Minutes of Diaphragmatic Breathing Relaxation Training in Relieving in Outpatients and Accompanied Relatives
Author(s):
Chen, Yu-Fen; Huang, Xuan-Yi; Chen, Ching-Fane
Author Details:
Chen, Yu-Fen, RN, cucuboy@ms68.hinet.net; Huang, Xuan-Yi, RN, BSN, MSc, DNSc; Chen, Ching-Fane, RN;
Abstract:
Purpose: We aimed to examine the performance of a 10-minutes abdominal breathing or diaphragmatic breathing relaxation (DBR) training in relieving anxiety and its relation to visual analogue scale (VAS).

Methods:  Fifty subjects who had a middle degree of anxiety, i.e., Chinese Beck Anxiety Inventory (CBAI)³a16, were recruited in this study. The subjects were randomly assigned in experimental and control group. All subjects were monitored by biofeedback device for 20 minutes. The procedures included a 5 minutes pre-intervened, 10 minutes intervened, and 5 minutes post-intervened biofeedback monitoring. The experimental group was intervened with a 10-minutes DBR training while the control group was instructed to relax for 10 minutes. The 5 minutes physiological indicators included heart rate, peripheral temperature, skin conductivity, breathing rates and heart rate variability (HRV). Also, all research subjects were asked to fill in the VAS and Chinese State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI Y-1) before and after the 20 minutes period. T-tests and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data.

Results:  The means of VAS (p<0.001) and STAI Y-1 (p=0.015) were significantly lower in experimental group after intervention compared to the control group. There were no significant differences in heart rate, peripheral temperature, skin conductivity, breathing rates and heart rate variability between the experimental and control group. However, a raise in low-frequency power (LF) and a reduction in high-frequency power (HF) were noted in Biofeedback indicators

Conclusion: DBR has several advantages over other non-drug therapies for anxiety problems. For examples, (1) safe and does not require much space to perform, (2) easy to learn, and can be practiced at any time. This study provides guidance for delivering quality care for people to reduce their anxiety level. 

Keywords:
anxiety; diaphragmatic breathing relaxation training
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePerformance ofᅠ10-Minutes of Diaphragmatic Breathing Relaxation Training in Relieving in Outpatients and Accompanied Relativesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yu-Fenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Xuan-Yien_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ching-Faneen_GB
dc.author.detailsChen, Yu-Fen, RN, cucuboy@ms68.hinet.net; Huang, Xuan-Yi, RN, BSN, MSc, DNSc; Chen, Ching-Fane, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243186-
dc.description.abstract<b><b>Purpose: </b> </b>We aimed to examine the performance of a 10-minutes abdominal breathing or diaphragmatic breathing relaxation (DBR) training in relieving anxiety and its relation to visual analogue scale (VAS). <p><b><b>Methods: </b></b><b>&nbsp;</b>Fifty subjects who had a middle degree of anxiety, i.e., Chinese Beck Anxiety Inventory (CBAI)&sup3;a16, were recruited in this study. The subjects were randomly assigned in experimental and control group. All subjects were monitored by biofeedback device for 20 minutes. The procedures included a 5 minutes pre-intervened, 10 minutes intervened, and 5 minutes post-intervened biofeedback monitoring. The experimental group was intervened with a 10-minutes DBR training while the control group was instructed to relax for 10 minutes. The 5 minutes physiological indicators included heart rate, peripheral temperature, skin conductivity, breathing rates and heart rate variability (HRV). Also, all research subjects were asked to fill in the VAS and Chinese State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI Y-1) before and after the 20 minutes period. T-tests and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data. <p><b><b>Results: </b></b>&nbsp;The means of VAS (<i>p</i>&lt;0.001) and <em>STAI Y-1 </em>(<i>p</i>=0.015) <em>were significantly lower in experimental group after intervention compared to the control group. There were no significant differences in </em>heart rate, peripheral temperature, skin conductivity, breathing rates and heart rate variability<em> between the experimental and control group. However, a raise in low-frequency power (LF) and a reduction in high-frequency power (HF) were noted in Biofeedback indicators</em><p><b><b>Conclusion: </b></b>DBR has several advantages over other non-drug therapies for anxiety problems. For examples, (1) safe and does not require much space to perform, (2) easy to learn, and can be practiced at any time. This study provides guidance for delivering quality care for people to reduce their anxiety level.<span id="mce_marker">&nbsp;</span>en_GB
dc.subjectanxietyen_GB
dc.subjectdiaphragmatic breathing relaxation trainingen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:18:42Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:18:42Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
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