Factors Associated with Receiving Influenza Vaccine Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Non-Metropolitan Area

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243227
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Factors Associated with Receiving Influenza Vaccine Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Non-Metropolitan Area
Author(s):
Lin, Ming Yi; Fang, Yueh-Yen
Author Details:
Lin, Ming Yi, BSN, RN, mimilin5@seed.net.tw; Fang, Yueh-Yen, PhD, RN;
Abstract:
Purpose: Influenza vaccine is an effective method to prevent influenza infected elderly from serious complications and death. Despite free vaccination policy, vaccination rates in Taiwan geriatric population remained decreasing in the last decade. The purposes of this study were to identify personal characteristics, health belief, and media factors related to vaccination behavior among non-metropolitan community-dwelling elderly in Taiwan. 

Methods: A convenient sample of 279 elderly from outpatient departments of a major community hospital in southern Taiwan was surveyed. 140 of which had received influenza vaccines last year. Kwong’s health belief model scale and a self constructed questionnaire were used to collect data. Face to face interviews were conducted when the participants were illiterate. Data collected were compared between elders who received vaccination last year and those who did not receive vaccination last year.

Results: The average age of the sample was 75.8 years. The sample contained 166 male (59.5%) and 113 female (40.5%). 88.9% of the participants lived with their family or friends. Most elderly (78.5%) suffered from one or more chronic diseases. 87.5% participants were independent in daily living. Logistic regression analysis revealed that age, perceived benefit of preventive action (OR=1.14, p<.01), cues to action (OR=1.12, p<.001), perceived seriousness of influenza (OR=1.10, p=0.02), and negative reports from media (OR=0.47, p<.001) explained 39% of influenza vaccination behavior among community elderly. 

Conclusion: The study results indicated that health belief model significantly predicted vaccination behavior. Health care worker’s attitude toward influenza vaccination may influence community elders’ vaccination behavior. Therefore, promoting healthcare providers positive attitude toward influenza vaccination may promote vaccination rate. Utilizing radio broadcasts and providing health education activities to community elderly may increase their knowledge in influenza vaccination.

Keywords:
health belief model; influenza vaccination; elderly
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFactors Associated with Receiving Influenza Vaccine Among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Non-Metropolitan Areaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLin, Ming Yien_GB
dc.contributor.authorFang, Yueh-Yenen_GB
dc.author.detailsLin, Ming Yi, BSN, RN, mimilin5@seed.net.tw; Fang, Yueh-Yen, PhD, RN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243227-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b>Influenza vaccine is an effective method to prevent influenza infected elderly from serious complications and death. Despite free vaccination policy, vaccination rates in Taiwan geriatric population remained decreasing in the last decade. The purposes of this study were to identify personal characteristics, health belief, and media factors related to vaccination behavior among non-metropolitan community-dwelling elderly in Taiwan.&nbsp; <p><b>Methods: </b>A convenient sample of 279 elderly from outpatient departments of a major community hospital in southern Taiwan was surveyed. 140 of which had received influenza vaccines last year. Kwong&rsquo;s health belief model scale and a self constructed questionnaire were used to collect data. Face to face interviews were conducted when the participants were illiterate.&nbsp;Data collected were compared between elders who received vaccination last year and those who did not receive vaccination last year. <p><b>Results: </b>The average age of the sample was 75.8 years. The sample contained 166 male (59.5%) and 113 female (40.5%). 88.9% of the participants lived with their family or friends. Most elderly (78.5%) suffered from one or more chronic diseases. 87.5% participants were independent in daily living. Logistic regression analysis revealed that age, perceived benefit of preventive action (OR=1.14, <i>p</i>&lt;.01), cues to action (OR=1.12, <i>p</i>&lt;.001), perceived seriousness of influenza (OR=1.10, <i>p</i>=0.02), and&nbsp;negative reports from media&nbsp;(OR=0.47, <i>p</i>&lt;.001) explained 39% of influenza vaccination behavior among community elderly.&nbsp; <p><b>Conclusion: </b>The study results indicated that health belief model significantly predicted vaccination behavior. Health care worker&rsquo;s attitude toward influenza vaccination may influence community elders&rsquo; vaccination behavior. Therefore, promoting healthcare providers positive attitude toward influenza vaccination may promote vaccination rate. Utilizing radio broadcasts and providing health education activities to community elderly may increase their knowledge in influenza vaccination.en_GB
dc.subjecthealth belief modelen_GB
dc.subjectinfluenza vaccinationen_GB
dc.subjectelderlyen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:19:17Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:19:17Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
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