Impact of the Geriatric Medication Game? on Nursing Students Empathy and Attitudes toward Older Adults

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243232
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Impact of the Geriatric Medication Game? on Nursing Students Empathy and Attitudes toward Older Adults
Author(s):
Yehle, Karen S.; Chen, Aleda M. H.; Kiersma, Mary E.; Plake, Kimberly S.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Delta Omicron
Author Details:
Yehle, Karen S., PhD, MS, RN, kyehle@purdue.edu; Chen, Aleda M. H., PharmD, PhD; Kiersma, Mary E., PharmD, PhD; Plake, Kimberly S., PhD, RPh;
Abstract:
Purpose:

It is estimated that in 2050 nearly two billion people worldwide will be 60 years or older, and nurses must be well-prepared to improve and address their health-related needs. However, it may be difficult for students to understand and empathize with older adults, as they may not yet have experienced aging-related challenges.  The purpose of this project was to examine the impact of participation in an aging simulation game on nursing students’ empathy and attitudes toward older adults as well as their understanding of the healthcare system. 

Methods:

Nursing students played the role of an older adult during a 3-hour in-class aging simulation game, the Geriatric Medication Game® (GMG). Students were given aging-related challenges (e.g., impaired vision, mobility) and navigated six stations in a simulated healthcare system (e.g., a visit to a healthcare provider, a pharmacy).  Pre-post changes in empathy were measured using the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale (KCES, 15 items) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy – Health Professional Students (JSE-HPS, 20 items), and attitudes and healthcare understanding using the Geriatric Medication Game Experience Survey (GMGES, 13 items).  All scales were Likert-type.  Analyses were performed using IBM SPSS v. 19.0.  Pre-post changes were assessed using paired t-tests, since the data was normally distributed.

Results:

A total of 58 nursing students participated.  Students’ empathy toward older adults improved overall (JSE-HPS p=0.027), and on several individual items from the JSE-HPS and KCES scales (p<0.05), relating to considering patient’s feelings. Improvements also were seen on 8 questions from the GMGES (p<0.05), related to improved knowledge of the healthcare system and willingness to be understanding towards older adults.

Conclusion:

The GMG provides an opportunity for nursing students to develop empathy  and to improve attitudes toward older adults.  The KCES, JSE-HPS, and GMGES provide means to assess changes in student attitudes and empathy toward older adults.

Keywords:
Educational activities; Empathy; Aging
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleImpact of the Geriatric Medication Game? on Nursing Students Empathy and Attitudes toward Older Adultsen
dc.contributor.authorYehle, Karen S.en
dc.contributor.authorChen, Aleda M. H.en
dc.contributor.authorKiersma, Mary E.en
dc.contributor.authorPlake, Kimberly S.en
dc.contributor.departmentDelta Omicronen
dc.author.detailsYehle, Karen S., PhD, MS, RN, kyehle@purdue.edu; Chen, Aleda M. H., PharmD, PhD; Kiersma, Mary E., PharmD, PhD; Plake, Kimberly S., PhD, RPh;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243232-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b><b></b><p><b> </b>It is estimated that in 2050 nearly two billion people worldwide will be 60 years or older, and nurses must be well-prepared to improve and address their health-related needs. However, it may be difficult for students to understand and empathize with older adults, as they may not yet have experienced aging-related challenges.<b> &nbsp;</b>The purpose of this project was to examine the impact of participation in an aging simulation game on nursing students&rsquo; empathy and attitudes toward older adults as well as their understanding of the healthcare system.&nbsp; <p><b>Methods: </b> <p>Nursing students played the role of an older adult during a 3-hour in-class aging simulation game, the Geriatric Medication Game&reg; (GMG). Students were given aging-related challenges (e.g., impaired vision, mobility) and navigated six stations in a simulated healthcare system (e.g., a visit to a healthcare provider, a pharmacy). &nbsp;Pre-post changes in empathy were measured using the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale (KCES, 15 items) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy &ndash; Health Professional Students (JSE-HPS, 20 items), and attitudes and healthcare understanding using the Geriatric Medication Game Experience Survey (GMGES, 13 items).&nbsp; All scales were Likert-type.&nbsp; Analyses were performed using IBM SPSS v. 19.0.&nbsp; Pre-post changes were assessed using paired t-tests, since the data was normally distributed. <p><b>Results: </b> <p>A total of 58 nursing students participated. &nbsp;Students&rsquo; empathy toward older adults improved overall (JSE-HPS p=0.027), and on several individual items from the JSE-HPS and KCES scales (p&lt;0.05), relating to considering patient&rsquo;s feelings. Improvements also were seen on 8 questions from the GMGES (p&lt;0.05), related to improved knowledge of the healthcare system and willingness to be understanding towards older adults. <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>The GMG provides an opportunity for nursing students to develop empathy &nbsp;and to improve attitudes toward older adults.&nbsp; The KCES, JSE-HPS, and GMGES provide means to assess changes in student attitudes and empathy toward older adults.en
dc.subjectEducational activitiesen
dc.subjectEmpathyen
dc.subjectAgingen
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:19:21Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:19:21Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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