Weight Behavior and Cognition Instrumentation in African-American Adolescents: Psychometric Properties and Recommendations

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243259
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Weight Behavior and Cognition Instrumentation in African-American Adolescents: Psychometric Properties and Recommendations
Author(s):
Tate, Nutrena H.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Rho
Author Details:
Tate, Nutrena H., PhD, RN, CPNP-PC, nutrenatate@yahoo.com;
Abstract:
Purpose: To determine the psychometric properties of weight behavior and cognition instrumentation in African American adolescents.  

Methods: African American adolescents (n=145), 15 to 17, were recruited from community settings within a large metropolitan area. Variables of interest were perceived familial socialization (Sociocultural Influences Questionnaire – Father and Mother) , ethnic identity (Multi-Ethnic Identity Measure), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire - Adolescent), eating behaviors (Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire) , and social physique anxiety (Social Physique Anxiety Scale). The psychometric properties of each measure were assessed with this study sample.  Internal consistency was determined by Cronbach’s alpha value for each measure. Utilizing 15% of the sample through random assignment, test retest reliability was assessed. 

Results: Psychometric properties and test-retest reliability were determined in the current sample as follows: SIQ – father, Cronbach’s alpha = .739 and SIQ – mother, Cronbach’s alpha =  .644. The test-retest reliability was also determined for the SIQ – father (r = .679, p = 0.0001) and SIQ – mother (r = .598, p = 0.0001). MEIM: Cronbach’s alpha = .780  and test-retest reliability  (r = .782, p = 0.0001). PAQ-A: Cronbach’s alpha = .889  and test-retest reliability  (r = .736, p = 0.0001). EBPQ: Cronbach’s alpha = .777 and test-retest reliability  (r = .802, p = 0.0001). SPAS: Cronbach’s alpha = .636 and test-retest reliability  (r = .896, p = 0.0001).  The Cronbach alpha increased from .437 to .636 after item 11 was excluded in the reliability analysis, “When in a bathing suit or swimming trunks, I often feel nervous about the shape of my body.” 

Conclusion:

Instruments for the current study have been utilized and tested extensively in the adolescent population; however, there has been limited use in adolescents of color.  In the current study, the instruments demonstrated moderate to high reliabilities, ranging from .70 to .90.

Keywords:
Psychometrics; African American Adolescents; Weight Behaviors
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleWeight Behavior and Cognition Instrumentation in African-American Adolescents: Psychometric Properties and Recommendationsen
dc.contributor.authorTate, Nutrena H.en
dc.contributor.departmentRhoen
dc.author.detailsTate, Nutrena H., PhD, RN, CPNP-PC, nutrenatate@yahoo.com;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243259-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b>To determine the psychometric properties of weight behavior and cognition instrumentation in African American adolescents.&nbsp;&nbsp; <p><b>Methods: </b>African American adolescents (n=145), 15 to 17, were recruited from community settings within a large metropolitan area. Variables of interest were perceived familial socialization (Sociocultural Influences Questionnaire &ndash; Father and Mother) , ethnic identity (Multi-Ethnic Identity Measure), physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire - Adolescent), eating behaviors (Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire) , and social physique anxiety (Social Physique Anxiety Scale). The psychometric properties of each measure were assessed with this study sample.&nbsp; Internal consistency was determined by Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha value for each measure. Utilizing 15% of the sample through random assignment, test retest reliability was assessed.&nbsp; <p><b>Results: </b>Psychometric properties and test-retest reliability were determined in the current sample as follows: SIQ &ndash; father, Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha = .739 and SIQ &ndash; mother, Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha =&nbsp; .644. The test-retest reliability was also determined for the SIQ &ndash; father (<i>r</i> = .679, <i>p</i> = 0.0001) and SIQ &ndash; mother (<i>r</i> = .598, <i>p</i> = 0.0001). MEIM: Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha = .780&nbsp; and test-retest reliability&nbsp; (<i>r</i> = .782, <i>p</i> = 0.0001). PAQ-A: Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha = .889&nbsp; and test-retest reliability&nbsp; (<i>r</i> = .736, <i>p</i> = 0.0001). EBPQ: Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha = .777 and test-retest reliability&nbsp; (<i>r</i> = .802, <i>p</i> = 0.0001). SPAS: Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha = .636 and test-retest reliability&nbsp; (<i>r</i> = .896, <i>p</i> = 0.0001).&nbsp; The Cronbach alpha increased from .437 to .636 after item 11 was excluded in the reliability analysis, &ldquo;When in a bathing suit or swimming trunks, I often feel nervous about the shape of my body.&rdquo;&nbsp; <p><b>Conclusion: </b> <p>Instruments for the current study have been utilized and tested extensively in the adolescent population; however, there has been limited use in adolescents of color.&nbsp; In the current study, the instruments demonstrated moderate to high reliabilities, ranging from .70 to .90.en
dc.subjectPsychometricsen
dc.subjectAfrican American Adolescentsen
dc.subjectWeight Behaviorsen
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:19:45Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:19:45Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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