Improving Quality of Life in Older People with Dementia Through Companion Robots: A Pilot RCT

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243262
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Improving Quality of Life in Older People with Dementia Through Companion Robots: A Pilot RCT
Author(s):
Moyle, Wendy; Cooke, Marie Cooke; Beattie, Elizabeth R.; Jones, Cindy; Gray, Chrystal
Author Details:
Moyle, Wendy, PhD, MHSc, BN, RN, w.moyle@griffith.edu.au; Cooke, Marie Cooke, PhD, RN; Beattie, Elizabeth R., PhD, RN; Jones, Cindy, PhD, RN; Gray, Chrystal, BA (Hons);
Abstract:
Purpose: Studies have reported improvements in quality of life, relationships and loneliness in older people who have interacted with companion robots (e.g. Kramer, Friedmann & Bernstein, 2009; Tamura et al., 2004). PARO, a therapeutic companion robotic seal, has been shown to have a psychological effect on people with dementia, improving their relaxation and motivation as well as improving the socialisation of individuals with others, including with caregivers. The aim of this research was to compare the effect of companion robots (PARO) to participation in a reading group on emotional response in people living with moderate to severe dementia in a nursing home environment.

Methods: A randomised crossover design, with PARO and reading control groups, was employed. Eighteen residents, with mid to late stage dementia, from one aged care facility in Queensland, Australia were recruited.  Participants were assessed three times on Quality of Life in Alzheimer’s Disease, Rating Anxiety in Dementia, Apathy Evaluation, Geriatric Depression and Algase Wandering Scales (revised) and once a week video observations of the intervention and control group activity. 

 

Results: PARO had a moderate to large positive influence on participants’ Quality of Life compared to the Reading group participants. The PARO intervention group had higher pleasure scores when compared to the Reading group.  Video observations demonstrated participants’ enjoyment when engaging with PARO. 

Conclusion: Findings suggest PARO may be useful as a treatment option for people with dementia; however, the need for a larger trial was identified.

Keywords:
Dementia; TYPE NEW KEYWORD HERE
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImproving Quality of Life in Older People with Dementia Through Companion Robots: A Pilot RCTen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMoyle, Wendyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCooke, Marie Cookeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBeattie, Elizabeth R.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorJones, Cindyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGray, Chrystalen_GB
dc.author.detailsMoyle, Wendy, PhD, MHSc, BN, RN, w.moyle@griffith.edu.au; Cooke, Marie Cooke, PhD, RN; Beattie, Elizabeth R., PhD, RN; Jones, Cindy, PhD, RN; Gray, Chrystal, BA (Hons);en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243262-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b>Studies have reported improvements in quality of life, relationships and loneliness in older people who have interacted with companion robots (e.g. Kramer, Friedmann &amp; Bernstein, 2009; Tamura et al., 2004). PARO, a therapeutic companion robotic seal, has been shown to have a psychological effect on people with dementia, improving their relaxation and motivation as well as improving the socialisation of individuals with others, including with caregivers. The aim of this research was to compare the effect of companion robots (PARO) to participation in a reading group on emotional response in people living with moderate to severe dementia in a nursing home environment. <p><b>Methods: </b>A randomised crossover design, with PARO and reading control groups, was employed. Eighteen residents, with mid to late stage dementia, from one aged care facility in Queensland, Australia were recruited.&nbsp; Participants were assessed three times on Quality of Life in Alzheimer&rsquo;s Disease, Rating Anxiety in Dementia, Apathy Evaluation, Geriatric Depression and Algase Wandering Scales (revised) and once a week video observations of the intervention and control group activity.&nbsp; <p><b>&nbsp;</b><p><b>Results: </b>PARO had a moderate to large positive influence on participants&rsquo; Quality of Life compared to the Reading group participants. The PARO intervention group had higher pleasure scores when compared to the Reading group.&nbsp; Video observations demonstrated participants&rsquo; enjoyment when engaging with PARO.&nbsp; <p><b>Conclusion: </b>Findings suggest PARO may be useful as a treatment option for people with dementia; however, the need for a larger trial was identified.en_GB
dc.subjectDementiaen_GB
dc.subjectTYPE NEW KEYWORD HEREen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:19:47Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:19:47Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
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