HIV Screening Attitudes and Practices Among Adult Black American Women: A Template for Fighting the Global AIDS Epidemic

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243283
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
HIV Screening Attitudes and Practices Among Adult Black American Women: A Template for Fighting the Global AIDS Epidemic
Author(s):
Woolforde, Launette
Author Details:
Woolforde, Launette, DNP, RN, LAW2112@columbia.edu;
Abstract:
Purpose: Since the beginning of the global epidemic, more than 25 million people have died from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and another 33.4 million have the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (UNAIDS, 2010). Women represent over half of adults living with HIV (Avert.org, 2011). In the US alone, Black women represent 67% of reported HIV cases among women.  HIV screening is critical in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of perceived susceptibility, medical mistrust, perceived racism, and attitudes about HIV screening (factors known to influence screening behavior in other conditions) to voluntary HIV screening behavior in adult Black American women.

Methods: This descriptive-correlational, cross-sectional study framed around the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock et al, 1988), compared adult Black women who had been screened for HIV in the past year to those who had not. The study was conducted at α =.05; power of .80. Subjects were recruited online and during recruitment sessions in New York.  The survey packet was comprised of valid and reliable instruments; Perceived Susceptibility to AIDS Scale, Group Based Medical Mistrust Scale, Racism and Life Experiences Scale-brief version; HIV Testing:  attitudes and barriers scale; National Survey of Family Growth Cycle 6 main study, female questionnaire -section H, part 5; and a demographics questionnaire. Correlational and regression analyses were performed.

Results: Chi square and T-tests revealed significant relationships between screening behavior and aspects of perceived susceptibility (p<.05), medical mistrust (p=.01), perceived racism (p<.01), attitudes (p< .01), age (p<.01) and marital status (p<.05). Logistic regression identified the best predictors of screening behavior as aspects of perceived susceptibility, attitudes, and age.

Conclusions: This study provides critical insight about factors impacting HIV screening attitudes and practices that researchers must consider in order to design successful targeted interventions to fight the spread of HIV/AIDS.

Keywords:
BLACK WOMEN; HIV and AIDS
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleHIV Screening Attitudes and Practices Among Adult Black American Women: A Template for Fighting the Global AIDS Epidemicen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWoolforde, Launetteen_GB
dc.author.detailsWoolforde, Launette, DNP, RN, LAW2112@columbia.edu;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243283-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b> Since the beginning of the global epidemic, more than 25 million people have died from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and another 33.4 million have the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (UNAIDS, 2010). <span lang="EN">Women represent over half of adults living with HIV (Avert.org, 2011). In the US alone, </span>Black women represent 67% of reported HIV cases among women.&nbsp; HIV screening is critical in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of perceived susceptibility, medical mistrust, perceived racism, and attitudes about HIV screening (factors known to influence screening behavior in other conditions) to voluntary HIV screening behavior in adult Black American women. <p><b>Methods: </b> This descriptive-correlational, cross-sectional study framed around the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock et al, 1988), compared adult Black women who had been screened for HIV in the past year to those who had not. The study was conducted at &alpha; =.05; power of .80. Subjects were recruited online and during recruitment sessions in New York.&nbsp; The survey packet was comprised of valid and reliable instruments; Perceived Susceptibility to AIDS Scale, Group Based Medical Mistrust Scale, Racism and Life Experiences Scale-brief version; HIV Testing:&nbsp; attitudes and barriers scale; National Survey of Family Growth Cycle 6 main study, female questionnaire -section H, part 5; and a demographics questionnaire. Correlational and regression analyses were performed. <p><b>Results: </b> Chi square and T-tests revealed significant relationships between screening behavior and aspects of perceived susceptibility (p&lt;.05), medical mistrust (p=.01), perceived racism (p&lt;.01), attitudes (p&lt; .01), age (p&lt;.01) and marital status (p&lt;.05). Logistic regression identified the best predictors of screening behavior as aspects of perceived susceptibility, attitudes, and age. <p><b>Conclusions: </b> This study provides critical insight about factors impacting HIV screening attitudes and practices that researchers must consider in order to design successful targeted interventions to fight the spread of HIV/AIDS.en_GB
dc.subjectBLACK WOMENen_GB
dc.subjectHIV and AIDSen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:20:05Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:20:05Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
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