Perceived Discrimination and Mental Health in Asian-American and Pacific Islander College and Graduate Students

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243298
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Perceived Discrimination and Mental Health in Asian-American and Pacific Islander College and Graduate Students
Author(s):
Szalacha, Laura; Chen, Angela Chia-Chen; Menon, Usha
Author Details:
Szalacha, Laura, EdD, lszalacha@gmail.com; Chen, Angela Chia-Chen, PhD, RN, PMHNP-BC; Menon, Usha, PhD, RN, FAAN;
Abstract:
Purpose: Racial/ethnic discrimination is a salient feature of Asian American and Pacific Islanders' (AAPI) daily experiences, and has been found to be associated with their negative health outcomes. This study aimed at examining the effect of perceived discrimination on AAPI college and graduate students’ mental health.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional internet survey targeting AAPI students aged 18-35. Sample recruitment occurred via randomly selected students’ emails from the University and via advertising to student organizations and Facebook. Eligible students consented and filled out the online anonymous survey. Participants received an automatic recognition message after completing the survey, and receive a $10 e-gift certificate. Discrimination was assessed by a 10-item scale developed by Williams and colleagues (1997). We used PHQ-9, GAP-7, and PHQ somatoform module to measure participants’ depressive, anxiety and somatic symptoms, respectively.

Results: The sample included 113 AAPI students (mean age = 25; SD = 4.2); 42.5% were females. The mean score of perceived discrimination was 5.6 (SD = 5.5; Min = 0; Max = 24); about 76.9% of the sample reported experiencing discrimination. In regression analyses, students’ perceived discrimination predicted their depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms (β = .30, p = .002 for each outcome) after controlling for age, gender, parental education and sexual minority status. Discrimination predicted somatic symptoms for males (β = .47, p = .000), but not for females (β = .10, ns). No gender differences in discrimination score and mental health scores were found. Neither acculturation nor ethnic pride predicted the three health outcomes.     

Conclusion: A large proportion of AAPI college and graduate students experienced racial/ethnic discrimination and these experiences were significantly associated with poor mental health outcomes. It is imperative for school personnel and healthcare providers to constantly assess AAPI college and graduate students’ discrimination experiences and provide timely and appropriate interventions.     

Keywords:
Asian American and Pacific Islander; mental health; racial and ethnic discrimination
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePerceived Discrimination and Mental Health in Asian-American and Pacific Islander College and Graduate Studentsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSzalacha, Lauraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorChen, Angela Chia-Chenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMenon, Ushaen_GB
dc.author.detailsSzalacha, Laura, EdD, lszalacha@gmail.com; Chen, Angela Chia-Chen, PhD, RN, PMHNP-BC; Menon, Usha, PhD, RN, FAAN;en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243298-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b>Racial/ethnic discrimination is a salient feature of Asian American and Pacific Islanders' (AAPI)&nbsp;daily experiences, and has been found to be associated with their negative health outcomes. This study aimed at examining the effect of perceived discrimination on AAPI college and graduate students&rsquo; mental health. <p><b>Methods: </b>We conducted<b> </b>a cross-sectional internet survey targeting AAPI students aged 18-35. Sample recruitment occurred via randomly selected students&rsquo; emails from the University and via advertising to student organizations and Facebook. Eligible students consented and filled out the online anonymous survey. Participants received an automatic recognition message after completing the survey, and receive a $10 e-gift certificate. Discrimination was assessed by a 10-item scale developed by Williams and colleagues (1997). We used PHQ-9, GAP-7, and PHQ somatoform module to measure participants&rsquo; depressive, anxiety and somatic symptoms, respectively. <p><b>Results: </b>The sample included 113 AAPI students (mean age = 25; <i>SD</i> = 4.2); 42.5% were females. The mean score of perceived discrimination was 5.6 (<i>SD </i>= 5.5; Min = 0; Max = 24); about 76.9% of the sample reported experiencing discrimination. In regression analyses, students&rsquo; perceived discrimination predicted their depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms (&beta; = .30, <i>p </i>= .002 for each outcome) after<b><i> </i></b>controlling for age, gender, parental education and sexual minority status. Discrimination predicted somatic symptoms for males (&beta; = .47, <i>p </i>= .000), but not for females (&beta; = .10, <i>ns</i>). No gender differences in discrimination score and mental health scores were found. Neither acculturation nor ethnic pride predicted the three health outcomes.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <p><b>Conclusion: </b>A large proportion of AAPI college and graduate students experienced racial/ethnic discrimination and these experiences were significantly associated with poor mental health outcomes. It is imperative for school personnel and healthcare providers to constantly assess AAPI college and graduate students&rsquo; discrimination experiences and provide timely and appropriate interventions.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;en_GB
dc.subjectAsian American and Pacific Islanderen_GB
dc.subjectmental healthen_GB
dc.subjectracial and ethnic discriminationen_GB
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:20:18Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:20:18Z-
dc.conference.date2012en_GB
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen_GB
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