Rasch Analysis of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) in the Context of Workplace Bullying for a Sample of Nursing Faculty from Midwest U.S. Universities

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243304
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Rasch Analysis of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) in the Context of Workplace Bullying for a Sample of Nursing Faculty from Midwest U.S. Universities
Author(s):
Karpinski, Aryn C.; Meyers, Timothy W.; Dzurec, Laura Cox; Bromley, Gail E.; Fitzgerald, Shawn M.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
N/A
Author Details:
Karpinski, Aryn C., PhD, akarpins@kent.edu; Meyers, Timothy W., RN, MSN; Dzurec, Laura C., PhD, PMHCNS-BC; Bromley, Gail E., PhD, RN, CNS; Fitzgerald, Shawn M., PhD;
Abstract:
Purpose: Workplace bullying is a major impediment to successful team relationships and job satisfaction in workplace environments, contributing to individual and interpersonal stress, tension, and burnout. Additionally, bullying affects worker productivity, especially in workplaces concerned with healthcare and healthcare education (Abe et al., 2010; Allan et al., 2009; Hutchinson et al., 2006; Randle, 2003). Authors investigated the psychometric properties of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) using Rasch Analysis in the context of workplace bullying. Catastrophization is a 'tendency to focus on and exaggerate the threat value of painful stimuli and negatively evaluate'(one's) own ability to deal with pain' (Keefe et al., 2002, p. 2).

Methods: One hundred fifty-four nursing faculty from Midwest US universities participated in this study. Bullying catastrophization was measured using the PCS, a 13-item instrument with items scored from 0 (Not at all) to 4 (All the time).'

Results: Data were analyzed using Rasch Analysis (i.e., Rating Scale Model), which produces an interval scale that arranges items according to how likely they are to be endorsed (i.e., item difficulty). Rasch Analysis is also used to diagnose problematic items in a survey. Person/Item Separation and Person/Item Reliability were high (i.e., > 1.00 and > .84, respectively; Coefficient Alpha = .97). The response scale from 0 to 4 was used as expected, with each step logit position increasing across the theta continuum. Finally, items 7, 10, 11, and 13 had high standardized fit statistics (i.e., > + 1.96).'

Conclusion: Examining the psychometric properties of the PCS in the context of workplace bullying supports utilization of a brief measure to gauge workplace climate as related to bullying in support of its diagnosis and potentially remedying problems before they become major impediments to productivity and individual well-being.

Keywords:
Psychometrics/Measurement; Workplace Bullying; Rasch Analysis
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleRasch Analysis of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) in the Context of Workplace Bullying for a Sample of Nursing Faculty from Midwest U.S. Universitiesen
dc.contributor.authorKarpinski, Aryn C.en
dc.contributor.authorMeyers, Timothy W.en
dc.contributor.authorDzurec, Laura Coxen
dc.contributor.authorBromley, Gail E.en
dc.contributor.authorFitzgerald, Shawn M.en
dc.contributor.departmentN/Aen
dc.author.detailsKarpinski, Aryn C., PhD, akarpins@kent.edu; Meyers, Timothy W., RN, MSN; Dzurec, Laura C., PhD, PMHCNS-BC; Bromley, Gail E., PhD, RN, CNS; Fitzgerald, Shawn M., PhD;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243304-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b>Workplace bullying is a major impediment to successful team relationships and job satisfaction in workplace environments, contributing to individual and interpersonal stress, tension, and burnout. Additionally, bullying affects worker productivity, especially in workplaces concerned with healthcare and healthcare education (Abe et al., 2010; Allan et al., 2009; Hutchinson et al., 2006; Randle, 2003). Authors investigated the psychometric properties of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) using Rasch Analysis in the context of workplace bullying. Catastrophization is a 'tendency to focus on and exaggerate the threat value of painful stimuli and negatively evaluate'(one's) own ability to deal with pain' (Keefe et al., 2002, p. 2). <p><b>Methods: </b>One hundred fifty-four nursing faculty from Midwest US universities participated in this study. Bullying catastrophization was measured using the PCS, a 13-item instrument with items scored from 0 (Not at all) to 4 (All the time).' <p><b>Results: </b>Data were analyzed using Rasch Analysis (i.e., Rating Scale Model), which produces an interval scale that arranges items according to how likely they are to be endorsed (i.e., item difficulty). Rasch Analysis is also used to diagnose problematic items in a survey. Person/Item Separation and Person/Item Reliability were high (i.e., > 1.00 and > .84, respectively; Coefficient Alpha = .97). The response scale from 0 to 4 was used as expected, with each step logit position increasing across the theta continuum. Finally, items 7, 10, 11, and 13 had high standardized fit statistics (i.e., > + 1.96).' <p><b>Conclusion: </b>Examining the psychometric properties of the PCS in the context of workplace bullying supports utilization of a brief measure to gauge workplace climate as related to bullying in support of its diagnosis and potentially remedying problems before they become major impediments to productivity and individual well-being.en
dc.subjectPsychometrics/Measurementen
dc.subjectWorkplace Bullyingen
dc.subjectRasch Analysisen
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:20:23Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:20:23Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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