Selecting Nurse Preceptors: What Qualities and Characteristics Should Be Considered?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/243307
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Selecting Nurse Preceptors: What Qualities and Characteristics Should Be Considered?
Author(s):
Mohide, E. Ann; Geradrdi, Olivia; Norman, Dianne; Cavalieri, Vanessa; McKey, Colleen A.; Jennings, Barbara; Akhtar-Danesh, Noori; Seidlitz, Wendy
Author Details:
Mohide, E. Ann, MSc, MHSc, RN, BScN, eamoh@mcmaster.ca; Geradrdi, Olivia, BScN, RN, BSc; Norman, Dianne, BScN, RN; Cavalieri, Vanessa, BScN, RN; McKey, Colleen A., PhD, RN, BScN, MScHSA, CHE; Jennings, Barbara, MSHSA, RN; Akhtar-Danesh, Noori , PhD; Seidlitz, Wendy, MSc, RN, BScN;
Abstract:
Purpose: To help stakeholders improve the selection process of nurse preceptors for senior baccalaureate nursing students, they were asked to rate the importance of preceptor qualities/characteristics. 

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a large tertiary hospital and at an affiliated university nursing school in an urban Canadian city. Subjects (n=166) included hospital Registered Nurses (RNs) (with or without preceptor experience), educators, and administrators, as well as university faculty and students. In the instrument development phase of a larger preceptor selection study, representatives of the stakeholder groups were asked to identify preceptor issues. From a content analysis of the written responses, 24 preceptor qualities/characteristics emerged. Study subjects rated the 24 qualities/characteristics on a 0-100 rating scale (100 = the highest possible importance rating). 

Results: Mean ratings were used to derive the rankings for the 24 qualities/characteristics. The top 10 rankings (1 = most important) revealed the blending of two major roles:  (1) as a competent, confident , practicing RN who communicates effectively, thinks critically, and is passionate about nursing, and (2) as an enthusiastic clinical teacher who is empathetic to students, identifies educational needs and facilitates learning, provides timely feedback, and promotes student autonomy. The assessment of the reliability data (n = 22 subjects) indicated that, at both times (ratings completed 5-7 days apart), eight of the 10 highest ranked qualities/characteristics fell within the 10 most important qualities/characteristics in the original study. Two other means were ranked 11th (one at Time 1 and one at Time 2). 

Conclusion: Awareness and understanding of these rankings can help each stakeholder group in designing strategies to improve preceptor selection and nurture preceptor development: specifically, those involved in selecting preceptors (RNs/preceptors, educators, administrators), and educators (agency and university) responsible for providing preceptor and/or student education and supporting preceptorship within health agencies or educational institutions.

Keywords:
Preceptor selection; Preceptorship; Undergraduate nursing education
Repository Posting Date:
12-Sep-2012
Date of Publication:
12-Sep-2012 ; 12-Sep-2012
Conference Date:
2012
Conference Name:
23rd International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Brisbane, Australia

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleSelecting Nurse Preceptors: What Qualities and Characteristics Should Be Considered?en
dc.contributor.authorMohide, E. Annen
dc.contributor.authorGeradrdi, Oliviaen
dc.contributor.authorNorman, Dianneen
dc.contributor.authorCavalieri, Vanessaen
dc.contributor.authorMcKey, Colleen A.en
dc.contributor.authorJennings, Barbaraen
dc.contributor.authorAkhtar-Danesh, Noorien
dc.contributor.authorSeidlitz, Wendyen
dc.author.detailsMohide, E. Ann, MSc, MHSc, RN, BScN, eamoh@mcmaster.ca; Geradrdi, Olivia, BScN, RN, BSc; Norman, Dianne, BScN, RN; Cavalieri, Vanessa, BScN, RN; McKey, Colleen A., PhD, RN, BScN, MScHSA, CHE; Jennings, Barbara, MSHSA, RN; Akhtar-Danesh, Noori , PhD; Seidlitz, Wendy, MSc, RN, BScN;en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/243307-
dc.description.abstract<b>Purpose: </b> To help stakeholders improve the selection process of nurse preceptors for senior baccalaureate nursing students, they were asked to rate the importance of preceptor qualities/characteristics.&nbsp; <p><b>Methods: </b> This cross-sectional study was conducted in a large tertiary hospital and at an affiliated university nursing school in an urban Canadian city. Subjects (n=166) included hospital Registered Nurses (RNs) (with or without preceptor experience), educators, and administrators, as well as university faculty and students. In the instrument development phase of a larger preceptor selection study, representatives of the stakeholder groups were asked to identify preceptor issues. From a content analysis of the written responses, 24 preceptor qualities/characteristics emerged. Study subjects rated the 24 qualities/characteristics on a 0-100 rating scale (100 = the highest possible importance rating).&nbsp; <p><b>Results: </b> Mean ratings were used to derive the rankings for the 24 qualities/characteristics. The top 10 rankings (1 = most important) revealed the blending of two major roles:&nbsp; (1) as a competent, confident , <i>practicing RN</i> who communicates effectively, thinks critically, and is passionate about nursing, and (2) as an enthusiastic <i>clinical teacher</i> who is empathetic to students, identifies educational needs and facilitates learning, provides timely feedback, and promotes student autonomy. The assessment of the reliability data (n = 22 subjects) indicated that, at both times (ratings completed 5-7 days apart), eight of the 10 highest ranked qualities/characteristics fell within the 10 most important qualities/characteristics in the original study. Two other means&nbsp;were ranked 11<sup>th</sup> (one at Time 1 and one at Time 2).&nbsp; <p><b>Conclusion: </b>Awareness&nbsp;and understanding of these rankings can help each stakeholder group in designing strategies to improve preceptor selection and nurture preceptor development: specifically, those involved in selecting preceptors (RNs/preceptors, educators, administrators), and educators (agency and university) responsible for providing preceptor and/or student education and supporting preceptorship within health agencies or educational institutions.en
dc.subjectPreceptor selectionen
dc.subjectPreceptorshipen
dc.subjectUndergraduate nursing educationen
dc.date.available2012-09-12T09:20:25Z-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12-
dc.date.issued2012-09-12en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T09:20:25Z-
dc.conference.date2012en
dc.conference.name23rd International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationBrisbane, Australiaen
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